Form and Genre Terms Used by the Rare Book Team in MARC Field 655
(Approved for use 27 December 1997)

Genre Terms |  Binding Terms |  Provenance Evidence |  Printing and Publishing Evidence

This list reflects the form and genre terms used intentionally by the Rare Book Team in its cataloging of Beinecke printed materials. The list includes terms that the library believes are important and is updated to reflect changing usage and needs. It does not necessarily include the terms appearing on cataloging records in Orbis obtained via copy cataloging. These terms appear in the 655 field and are searchable in Orbis as subjects. Catalogers may use authorized form and genre terms not on this list and may propose additions to the list.  Please forward any proposed additions to Stephen Young. Although the preference is to follow national standards, catalogers may propose local headings if circumstances warrant them. Other useful thesauri include:

Genre Terms

All terms in this list are input in field 655   7. They are subdivided geographically by place of publication then chronologically by year of publication unless otherwise noted.  If the date of publication is an estimated date such as a probable decade or century, use dashes (e.g. ‡y 173-). If the estimated date spans a decade, enter the date as it appears (e.g. ‡y 1723-1735). For additional guidelines see the Chronology tracing page. All headings are followed at end by ‡2 rbgenr unless otherwise noted. Those headings that correspond to copy-specific information should have ‡5 CtY-BR as the final subfield.

Academic dissertations
Use for both dissertations and disputations.
Acrostics
Advertisements
Almanacs (see Serials (special types): Almanacs)
Alphabet books
American newspapers ‡z [State of publication] ‡z [City of publication]. Use field: 690 _4 (see Serials (special types): Newspapers)
Anti-Catholic literature
Artists' books
Atlases (Geographic) ‡z [Geographic name] ‡y [date]. ‡2 local (see also Atlases page)
Atlas factices ‡y [Date/dates]. ‡2 local (see also Atlas Factices page)
Auction catalogs ‡z [Place of auction] ‡y [Date of auction]
Audiobooks.
[LCSH heading--coding 655   0] Do not subdivide
Autonomist literature ‡2 local
Ballads
Use in preference to Broadside poems when intended to be sung.
Banned works
Blank forms
Booksellers' advertisements
Booksellers' catalogs
Book prospectuses. See Prospectuses.
Broadside poems
Calaveras
California as an island ‡y [date]. ‡2 local
Use for early maps when California was depicted as an island.
Campaign biographies ‡z [Country of election] ‡y [Date of election]
Captivity narratives
Carriers' addresses
Chapbooks
Do not use 20th and 21st century publications.
Ciphers
College addresses ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery]. ‡2 local; and if different:
College addresses ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]. ‡2 local
Use for addresses other than Baccalaureate addresses given at colleges and universities; note: this is a candidate term for Genre terms; it has not yet been added but probably will be; use ‡2 local in the meantime.
College catalogs
Colonial exhibitions. ‡2 aat
Do not subdivide.
Comedies
Comic books, strips, etc.
[LCSH heading--coding 655   0] Do not subdivide. (see Serials (special types): Comics)
Company prospectuses. See Prospectuses
Concrete poems
Congressional addresses ‡y [Date of delivery]
Cookbooks
Cries
Dialogues
Dictionaries
Dime novels (see Serials (special types): Dime Novels)
Directories ‡z [Place covered by directory] ‡y [Date of publication] (see Serials (special types): Directories)
Emblem books
Erotica
Expurgated editions
Fables
Fairy tales
Festival books
Fourth of July addresses ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery], and if different:
Fourth of July addresses ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]
Funeral addresses ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery], and if different:
Funeral addresses ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]
Funeral sermons ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery], and if different:
Funeral sermons ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]
Gallows speeches
Gift books
Guidebooks ‡z [Place of description] ‡y [Date of publication]
Hand-colored illustrations. ‡2 local
Do not subdivide.
Herbals
Hornbooks
Hymnals
Installation sermons ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery] and if different:
Installation sermons ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]
Interlinearies
Jesuit relations ‡z [Place covered by relation] ‡y [Date of relation]
Juvenile literature
Juvenilia
Laws ‡z [Jurisdiction] ‡y [Date of enactment]
Do not use for French or Mexican government documents.
Legislative addresses ‡z [Jurisdiction] ‡y [Date of delivery]
Lettrist literature ‡2 local
Literary hoaxes
Do not subdivide.
Little magazines ‡z [Country of publication, but not state or city] (see Serials (special types): Little magazines)
Use for avant-garde journals, primarily literary, but sometimes including articles on art and politics, concerned with the publication of writers or writing not likely to be accepted by established journals of larger circulation, i.e. magazines "designed to print artistic work which for reasons of commercial expediency is not acceptable to the money minded periodicals or presses." Most of these magazines have short lives (less than 10 years), limited circulation and few critical essays. Most academic "reviews" such as the Yale Review, Virginia Quarterly or Southern Review are not little magazines. For more information see Hoffman, Frederick J. The Little magazine : a history and a bibliography. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1946.
Livres d'artistes
Local histories ‡z [Geographic area] ‡y [Date of publication]
Maps. See Map Cataloging
Maps in books ‡y [Date of printing]. ‡2 local
Mazarinades.
Do not subdivide
Menus
Military orders (Do not subdivide by date; see also Army regulations)
Morality plays
Movimento del '77 literature ‡2 local
Nautical charts ‡z [Geographic name] ‡y [Date] ‡2 local
Newspapers (see Serials (special types): Newspapers)
Nursery rhymes
Official gazettes ‡z [Jurisdiction (Indirect)]
Ordination sermons ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery], and if different:
Ordination sermons ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]
Original art. ‡2 local
Do not subdivide; do not trace for original art published as such; also make local 692 [Name] ‡x Original art.
Overland journals ‡y [Date(s) of journey]
Pastoral poems
Pataphysical literature
Penmanship specimen books
Periodicals (see Serials (special types): Periodicals)
Photographs ‡y 19th century. ‡2 gmgpc
Do not subdivide geographically.
Photoplay editions.
[LCSH heading--coding 655   0] Do not subdivide.
Plats ‡z [Geographic name] ‡y [Date] ‡2 lctgm
Playbills
Pochoir ‡2 aat
Poetical miscellanies
Portolan charts ‡z [Geographic name] ‡y [Date]
Primers (Instructional books)
Programs
Promotional literature ‡z [Place promoted] ‡y [Date of publication]. ‡2 local
Promptbooks
Prospectuses  (Do not use narrower terms company or book prospectuses).
Protest literature
See also Protest literature.
Publishers' advertisements
Publishers' catalogs
Rappresentazioni
Regimental histories
Roadbooks
Romans à clef
Samizdat
Satires
Scrolls, [Language.]. ‡2 local
Do not subdivide.
Sermons ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery] and if different:
Sermons ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]
Situationist literature
Slave narratives
Spellers
Textbooks
Thanksgiving day addresses ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery] and if different;
Thanksgiving day addresses ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]
Thanksgiving sermons ‡z [Place of delivery] ‡y [Date of delivery] and if different:
Thanksgiving sermons ‡z [Place of publication] ‡y [Date of publication]
Theater programs
Topographic maps ‡z [Geographic name] ‡y [Date] ‡2 local
Trade catalogs
Tragedies
Tragicomedies
Travel literature ‡z [Geographic area of journey] ‡y [Date(s) of journey]
Typography, Dadaist. ‡2 local
Do not subdivide.
Typography, Futurist. ‡2 local
Do not subdivide.
Typography, Surrealist. ‡2 local
Do not subdivide.
Typography, Vorticist. ‡2 local
Do not subdivide.
Underground comic books, strips, etc.
[LCSH heading--coding 655   0] Do not subdivide. (see Serials (special types): Comics)
Underground newspapers ‡2 local
Underground periodicals ‡2 local
Underground publications
Utopian literature
Viewbooks ‡z [Place of depiction] ‡y [Date of publication]
Views ‡z [Geographic name] ‡y [Date] ‡2 gmgpc
Volvelles.
Do not subdivide
World's fairs. ‡2 aat
Zines

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Binding Terms

All terms in this list are input in field 655 7. They are not subdivided geographically or chronologically unless otherwise noted. All headings are followed at end by ‡2 rbbin unless otherwise noted. Those headings that correspond to copy-specific information should have ‡5 CtY-BR as the final subfield. See also the bindings and binders page.

Accordion fold format (Binding)
Apollo and Pegasus bindings (Binding)
Architectural bindings (Binding)
Armorial bindings (Binding)
Use for all armorial bindings; also make Armorial bindings (Provenance) and provenance tracing when ownership is known.
Binders (Binding) ‡x [Name]. ‡2 local
Also make 7XX tracing with a ‡e binder at the end.
Binders' instructions (Binding)
Binders' stamps (Binding) ‡x [Name]. ‡2 local
Also make 7XX tracing with a ‡e binder at the end.   (e.g. 710 20 ‡a Riviere & Son, ‡e binder)
Binders' tickets (Binding) ‡x [Name]. ‡2 local
Also make 7XX tracing with a ‡e binder at the end.
Blind tooled bindings (Binding)
Always use with Pigskin bindings (Binding) when binding is pigskin; use Blind tooled bindings (Binding) alone only for notable examples.
Bookbinding (Binding) ‡y [year].
Use only for dated bindings; do not subdivide geographically.
Brocade bindings (Binding)
Cathedral bindings (Binding)
Chained bindings (Binding)
Coptic bindings (Binding)
Cosway bindings (Binding)
Cottage style bindings (Binding)
Cottonian Library book covers (Binding)
Cuir-ciselé bindings (Binding)
Dentelle bindings (Binding)
Dos-à-dos bindings (Binding)
Doublures (Binding)
Dust jackets (Binding)
Traced for dust jackets through 1900, and selectively after 1900 per curator's request.
Emblematic bindings (Binding)‡2 local
Embroidered bindings (Binding)
Etruscan bindings (Binding)
Fan style bindings (Binding)
Fanfare bindings (Binding)
Flap bindings (Binding)
Fore-edge paintings (Binding)
Fur bindings (Binding)
Gauffered edges (Binding)
Girdle books (Binding)
Goatskin bindings (Binding)
Gold tooled bindings (Binding)
Use only for notable examples.
Greek style bindings (Binding)
Grotesque bindings (Binding)
Hollis bindings (Binding)
Interlace bindings (Binding)
Islamic bindings (Binding)
Jansenist style bindings (Binding)
Lace bindings (Materials) (Binding)
Lacquered bindings (Binding)
Landscape bindings (Binding)
Manuscript waste (Binding)
Masonic bindings (Binding)
Metal bindings (Binding) ‡2 local
Use for non-precious metal bindings; for precious metal bindings, use Treasure bindings.
Middle Hill boards (Binding)
Molded leather bindings (Binding)
Mosaic bindings (Binding)
Mudéjar bindings (Binding)
Needlepoint bindings (Binding)
Painted bindings (Binding)
Papier-mâché bindings (Binding)
Penitential bindings (Binding)
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) ‡z[Country of publication] ‡y[Date of publication]
Use for publisher's pictorial cloth bindings from ca. 1870-1920.
Pigskin bindings (Binding)
Use alone if not blind tooled; also use Blind tooled bindings (Binding) if blind tooled.
Printed waste (Binding)
Prize bindings (Binding)
Publishers' bindings (Binding) ‡y To 1800.
Punch-dotting (Binding)
Settle bindings (Binding)
Shagreen bindings (Binding)
Somber bindings (Binding)
Tortoise shell bindings (Binding)
Tracery (Binding)
Treasure bindings (Binding)
Velvet bindings (Binding)

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Provenance Evidence

All terms in this list are input in field 655 7. They are not subdivided geographically or chronologically unless otherwise noted. All headings are followed at end by ‡2 rbprov unless otherwise noted. All headings correspond to copy-specific information and thus should have ‡5 CtY-BR as the final subfield.

Annotations (Provenance) ‡y [Known or estimated century of annotations]
Do not subdivide geographically; subdivide by century; also make local personal or corporate name provenance subject tracings when appropriate according to Beinecke Library Manual Provenance Notes and Tracings.
Notes must be textual, not markings (e.g. underlinings, vertical marginal strokes, etc.)
Armorial bindings (Provenance)
Use only for identified armorial bindings; also make Armorial bindings (Binding) and local 692  [Name] ‡x Binding.  For unidentified armorial binding, see Armorial bindings (Binding)
Armorial bookplates (Provenance)
Also make local 692  [Name] ‡x Bookplate.
Booksellers' labels (Provenance) ‡x [Name]. ‡2 local
Booksellers' stamps (Provenance) ‡x [Name]. ‡2 local

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Printing & Publishing Evidence

All terms in this list are input in field 655   7. They are subdivided geographically by place of publication and chronologically by year of publication unless otherwise noted. If the date of publication is an estimated date such as a probable decade or century, use dashes (e.g. ‡y 173-). If the estimated date spans a decade, then enter using the date as it appears (e.g. ‡y 1723-1735). All headings with (Printing) are followed at end by ‡2 rbpri unless otherwise noted. All headings with (Publishing) are followed at end by ‡2 rbpub unless otherwise noted. Those headings that correspond to copy-specific information should have ‡5CtY-BR as the final subfield.

Block books (Printing)
Cancellation (Publishing)
Make explanatory 500 and/or 590.
Chronograms (Publishing)
Colored paper printings (Publishing)
Composition errors (Printing)
Use only for notable examples.
Compositor's copy (Printing)
Dummies (Publishing)
Engraved books (Printing) ‡2 local
False imprints (Publishing)
Make two tracings if applicable, one subdivided by false place, the other subdivided by corrected place.
Fictitious imprints (Publishing)
Forgeries (Publishing)
Half-titles (Printing) ‡y To 1641. ‡2 local
Imposition errors (Printing)
Inserted text leaves (Publishing)
Made-up copies (Publishing)
Miniature books (Printing)
Mourning borders (Publishing) ‡2 local
Mourning wrappers (Publishing) ‡2 local
Music notation (Printing) ‡y To 1692. ‡2 local
Palm leaf books (Printing) ‡2 local
Perpendicular half-titles (Printing) ‡2 local
Use only for books of the hand-press period.
Piracies (Publishing)
Printing in a single color (Printing)
Printing in multiple colors (Printing)
Privately published books (Publishing)
Proofs (Printing)
Rubricator's notes (Publishing) ‡2 local
Shaped books (Publishing)
Subscription lists (Publishing)
Vellum printings (Printing)
Type Evidence

No headings used systematically at this time.

Paper Terms

No headings used systematically at this time

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