Marking of Volumes
(Approved for use 29 February 2000)

General Guidelines |  Multi-Volume Items |  Additional Copies | Oversize Reference and Stack Reference

General Guidelines

Call numbers are written, using a soft pencil. Follow these guidelines:

  1. Mark on Yale bookplate when there is one, generally in the upper left corner. If marking in the upper left hand corner presents difficulties, the bookplate can be marked in the upper right hand corner.
  2. Mark on back cover, lower right hand corner, when there is no Yale bookplate unless cover is too dark.
  3. Mark on verso of last page, lower right hand corner, when 1 or 2 don't apply. The lower left hand corner is the alternate location when the lower right hand corner is unusable.
  4. If the last page is unmarkable (e.g. too dark or shiny or filled with text or illustrations), mark the verso of the first usable page from the end.
Call numbers are written on items vertically, line by line. If this is not possible the call numbers should be written horizontally with segments separated by periods.  On bookplates, horizontal marking normally goes along the top, justified to the left. There are a few exceptions where the marking is along the bottom justified to the left.

For non-serials, "Beinecke Library" is written above the call number unless it's printed on the bookplate. It precedes the call number for horizontal marking. Berginning February 2010, "Beinecke Library" is not written above the call number for serials.

In general, marking is for the discreet bibliographic unit. There may be exceptions. Example: A monograph in unsewn quires is one bibliographic unit and marked once.

Marking of loose plates and photographs is handled by Beinecke staff.

Reference and Stack Reference Collections

Call numbers are written, using a soft pencil. Follow these guidelines:

  1. Mark on verso of t.p., preferably towards the middle of the page, when there is one
  2. Mark on back cover, lower right hand corner, when there is no title page, unless cover is too dark
  3. Mark on last page, lower right hand corner, when 1 or 2 don't apply. The lower left hand corner is the alternate location when the lower right hand corner is unusable.

Exception:

For those publications published in fascicles (i.e., published in many Volumes, Parts, fascicles, temporarily in original wrappers, that are meant to be bound, without the wrappers when the volume or part is complete:

Mark on the cover in the lower left hand corner in pencil.

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Multi-Volume Items

Bibliographic versus Physical Volumes
Rules for marking by volume number
Rules for marking by year
Special note about dates
Marking by volume or date
Newspapers
The following rules apply to both serials and multi-part monographs:
 
Bibliographic versus Physical Volumes

Use bibliographic numbering instead 
of physical volume numbering:

'Volumes' stands for the largest unit, usually volumes, but could also be parts, tomes, years, etc..

4 volumes in 4 1, 2, 3, 4
4 volumes bound in 3: v. 1-2 bound together 1-2, 3, 4
4 volumes bound in 6: v. 1 and 2 each in 2 parts 1:1, 1:2, 2:1, 2:2, 
3, 4, 5, 6
have volumes 1, 4, 5, 10 1, 4, 5, 10
in 5 volumes but have only v. 3 3

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Rules for marking by volume number
Single volumes:  Mark by volume number standing alone, not preceded by v. 1
Volumes issued in parts: Part number follows volume number 1:3
  If parts are subdivided, a series of colons separates the parts 1:3:2
  When volume is complete and parts are bound together, the volume is marked with the volume number only, not with volume number and parts; i.e., 1 not 1:1-3 1
  2 or more volumes issued together 1/2
  2 or more numbers issued together 1:1/2
  2 or more volumes issued separately and bound together 1-2
Serials issued in series: 1st series: mark by volume number alone 1
  2d series: series number is given in Roman numerals, followed by a period and number of the volume II.1
  3d and later series:  same III.1, etc.
Serials with whole numbers Serials which have both a volume numbering and a whole numbering: if pieces are marked separately 6(104)
Publications complete in one physical volume For publications complete in one physical volume, omit any volume, part, or issue numbering in call number and on piece  

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Rules for marking by year
  On physical item: Mark as:
Volume covering one calendar year 1957 1957
Volume, as issued, covers parts of two or more years July 1957-June 1958 1957/1958
Volume, as issued, covers all of two or more years 1957-1958 1957/1958
Two or more volumes bound together after publication 1956 , 1957 and 1958 1956-1958
  July 1957-June 1958 bound with July 1958-June 1959 1957/1958-1958/1959
  1870 (title page or title page substitute) 
In preface:  This report covers July 1869 through June 1870
1870

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Special Note about Dates on Items:

Many annual or biennial reports do not cover the calendar year. The report year might run from July 1 through June 30 of the following year. Mark according to the designation selected in the catalog record, not according to the coverage or publication date.

On item: 1870
In preface: This report covers November 1869 through October 1870
Publication date: 1871
362 0   ‡a 1870-
515     ‡a 1870- covers Nov. 1869 through Oct. 1870-

Mark as: 1870

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Marking by Volume or Date
There is often confusion about marking items when there is both a volume, issue number and a date (e.g., the 5th annual report for 1879). Previously on catalog cards for holdings, whatever was at the left was what was used to mark:
 

Vol.  or 
No.
Period 
covered
Have: Vol. or
No.
Period
covered
1 1869 1,3,6-10    
         

In the case above, items would have been marked 1:1, 1:3, 1:6, etc., unless there was a note to mark by year.

With online holdings, we still follow this rule:

866     ‡8 0 ‡a 1(1936:May),
866     ‡8 0 ‡a 4/5(1936:Aug./Sept.),
866     ‡8 0 ‡a 9(1937:spring)
The items would be marked: 1, 4/5, 9

When the holdings are more ambiguous, as in the following case, you would mark by what is at the left (in this case 5 and 7) and not the years ( 1837 and 1839), unless there is a note in the NOTES area under the call no. that reads: MARK BY YEAR or ADD BY YEAR.

866     ‡8 0 ‡a 5th(1837)-7th(1839)
Sometimes it is necessary to actually look at the items already in the Beinecke stacks. There are also cases where there is a mixture of markings in the stacks and the volumes have to be remarked.

In the case where a new serial is being cataloged, it must be decided whether to mark by volume or date. If an item is truly an annual, it is usually easier to mark by year. If there are several in one year, then mark by volume number.

Newspapers
Newspapers are particularly troublesome. Many newspapers have been bound by year even though some issues are wanting. The volume numbering usually does not correspond to a calendar year. Volumes and issues already cataloged and on the shelf are sometimes marked by the year and sometimes by the volume number, even for the same title. If there is inconsistency in marking, items must be remarked.

Newpapers will be marked by the volume and issue number, with the year in parentheses on the next line. Bound issues of newspapers will be marked by the volume(s) followed by the year(s) in parentheses on the next line. Labels or call tags should include relevant numeration and chronology data.

Example
 

Individual issue      Individual issue Marked on Bound vol.        
Folio 
AN22 
S33 
Sa33 
12:31 
(1812)
Folio 
AN22 
S33 
Sa33 
17:20 
(1818)
Folio 
AN22 
S33 
Sa33 
22-23
(1751-1752)
 

Additional Copies

If the library receives more than one copy of an item, all copies are marked with a copy number. This forms the last line of the call number. If the two copies are cataloged at the same time, the cataloger marks them. If the additional copy arrives later, the cataloger marks the Copy 2 and Beinecke staff mark the first copy  'Copy 1'.  For LC call numbers, the volume number is on the line preceding the (LC) and and copy number is on the line after the (LC)
 
 

Beinecke 
Library 
Za 
B214 
848rb 
Copy 1
Beinecke 
Library 
Za 
B214 
848rb 
Copy 2
Beinecke 
Library 
2000 
S33 
1:3 
Copy 1
Beinecke 
Library 
2000 
S33 
1:3 
Copy 2
Beinecke 
Library 
Ref. 
B108 
P64 
(LC) 
Beinecke 
Library 
Ref. 
Z1000 
A43 
1997/1998 
(LC) 
Oversize

Past and Current Practices for Oversize LC Call Numbers Only

NOTE: Prior to the use of Voyager in June 2002, oversize + was entered before the last cutter number, and the "Oversize" stamp after the line break was not used. Computer conversion programs have shifted the position of the + to the end of the call number and inserted ‡m Oversize, so there will be a discrepancy between the oversize designation in the online catalog and the oversize designation on the item label for titles cataloged prior to June 2002. In July 2007, changes in binding charge schedules resulted in the decision to drop the + entirely.

Example
 

Pre June 2002      June 2002-June 2007

July 2007-   
    

 
Beinecke 
Library 
Ref. 
B108 
+P64 
(LC) 

Beinecke 
Library 
Ref. 
B108 
P64+ 
(LC)
Oversize
Beinecke 
Library 
Ref. 
B108 
P64 
(LC)
Oversize 
 

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Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University
Contact: Stephen Young <stephen.young@yale.edu>
Last revised: 5/12/2002
URL: http://www.library.yale.edu/BeinCatM/marking.html