YALE COLLECTION OF AMERICAN LITERATURE
(Approved for use January 10, 2000)
Scope | Size | Marking | Classification | Other Collections | Special notes and tracings

Scope

The Yale Collection of American Literature (YCAL) was founded by Owen F. Aldis in 1911 and contains books, manuscripts and ephemera relating to American literature. There is a separate collection relating to Black literature, the James Weldon Johnson Collection of Negro Arts & Letters , and there are also several name collections. Some Canadian literature is represented in the collection. For more information consult the Guide to the Collections.

The YCAL collections are housed in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and the general cataloging policies for monographs are followed.

Size

The size boundaries for YCAL materials are:
Octavo:
up to 25 cm. high
up to 23 cm. wide
Quarto:
between 25 and 37 cm. high
between 23 and 32 cm. wide
Folio (Class in Year/number folio sequence with location code bein,ycal):
over 37 cm. high
over 32 cm. wide
Broadsides (Class in Year/number broadsides sequence with location code bein,ycal)
See Broadsides: Marking Call Numbers on Items & Folders
 

Marking

The following guidelines are used when marking volumes in YCAL:

  1. Mark on Yale bookplate when there is one, generally in the upper left corner.
  2. Mark on back cover, lower right hand corner, when there is no Yale bookplate unless cover is too dark.
  3. Mark on verso of last page, lower right hand corner, when 1 or 2 don't apply. The lower left hand corner is the alternate location when the lower right hand corner is unusable.
  4. If the last page is unmarkable (e.g. too dark or shiny or filled with text or illustrations), mark the verso of the first usable page from the end.

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Classification

Individual works | Collected works, translations, & works about an author | Serials | Other types of materials | Exceptions

Monographs

Individual works by an author

YCAL classification is alphabetical by author and, under each author, chronological by date of first edition. (See Other types of material for non-authorial classification).

The first line of the call number is from the "Old Yale" classification scheme where "Z" meant rare material and the letter "a" was chosen to represent American literature. The first line also includes a chronological subdivision:

Za Authors writing predominantly before 1950
Zab Authors writing predominantly from 1950-1999
Zac Authors writing predominantly from 2000-2049

The second line is the author's Cutter number (derived from C.A. Cutter's three-figure author table), making exceptions when main entry rule changes introduced with AACR2 would result in a split author number. Expand the number to four or even five digits if necessary to distinguish authors and to place them correctly in the alphabetical sequence.

Examples

Miller, Philip. Father's day, [1995?]

Zab Writes predominantly between 1950-1999
M617 Philip Miller's author number

Miller, Raeburn. The comma after love, 1994.

Zab Writes predominantly between 1950-1999
M6174 Raeburn Miller's author number

Miller, Rick. Tearing through the fence, 1990.

Zab Writes predominantly between 1950-1999
M6175 Rick Miller's author number

If a work is to be classed with a person who is not the main entry for the bibliographic record, and the work does not fall into any of the categories below, class the work as instructed by Beinecke. Follow the date in the third line with the first letter of the item's title.

Example

Cavalcanti, Guido, d. 1300. [Poems. English & Italian. Selections]. Thirty-three sonnets of Guido Cavalcanti / translated by Ezra Pound ... 1991. <Beinecke Library In-Process slip (BLIP) instructs to class with Pound>

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
P865 Pound's author number
991T Year of publication followed by initial letter of item's title, not of main entry nor of uniform title

Pseudonymous works.

Class all works by an author who writes under multiple names in one location.
Use the existing author cutter if the author has been classed previously in YCAL.
If the author is new to YCAL, use the basic heading, if one exists, as defined by LCRI 22.2B
If there is not a basic heading, use the name as it appears on the item. Class all new material by this author at this location.

Example

Twain, Mark. The adventures of Tom Sawyer, 1876.

Za Writes predominantly between 1950-1999
C591 Mark Twain's author number. Class under Samuel Clemens since other material is already classed there.

Anonymous works

If a work is by an anonymous author create a Cutter number using the first word of the title.

Example

Camp Charlotte: a tale of 1774, 1844.

Za Writes predominately before 1950
C154 Cutter using first word of title

The third line is the last three digits of the date of the first edition followed by the initial letter of the title. Use "H" or "J" instead of "I" (which can be mistaken for the number one); use "N" or "P" instead of "O" (which can be mistaken for zero). If the letter for the title is already taken, use the subsequent letter in the alphabet. The most important goal in classing is that the first edition, 1st printing has only the letter for the title following the date, and that later printings and editions follow chronologically. In order to achieve this, additional lower case letters "b", "c", "d", etc., are added to the third line. If necessary multiple letters can be used. In general do not reclass. To see the challenges in doing this see prolific authors such as Mark Twain, Ezra Pound, or Eugune O'Neill. The addition of "a" is normally reserved for proof copies; proof copies of later editions add the letter "a" after the edition indicator. Beginning in 2000, for books first published after 1999, use all four digits of the date for the third line. Remember if the author publishes predominately between 2000-2049, then use the instructions for Zac.

Examples

Eliot, T.S. The waste land, 1922

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
EL466 Eliot's author number
922W Year of publication for the original edition followed by initial letter of title


Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
EL466 Eliot's author number
922Wa Year of publication of original ed. followed by initial letter of title and "a" to indicate proof copy


Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
EL466 Eliot's author number
922Wc [1923 edition; no ed. statement, but identified as the 3rd to be published]
Year of publication of original ed. followed by initial letter of title and "c" to indicate 3rd ed.


Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
EL466 Eliot's author number
922Wca [Proof copy of 1923 edition]
Year of publication of original ed. followed by initial letter of title and "ca" to indicate proof copy of 3rd ed.

Correspondence

Class here both selections and collections of an author's correspondence that are edited by either the author or another person.

Example

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Letters of Hawthorne to William D. Ticknor, 1851-1864, 1910.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
H318 Hawthorne's author number
910L Year of publication of first ed. followed by initial letter of title

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Collected works, translations of an author, and works associated with an author

Use the following table for collected works, translations, and works associated with an author. These and other categories are denoted by the initial letters listed below which are used at the beginning of the third line of the call number, followed by a three-digit date and the initial letter of the main entry except where indicated otherwise. Use the system delineated above of a final "a" for proof copy, "b" for second edition, &c. Beginning in 2000, for books first published after 1999, use all four digits of the date for the third line.

A - Works of spurious or doubtful attribution N - Tributes, memorials, festivals, exhibitions
B - Complete works Q - Bibliography, dealer's catalogs
C - Collections of an author's works R - Sources, prototypes
D - Extracts S - Criticisms, commentaries (General)
E - Translations T - Criticism of a specific work
F - Dramatizations W - Biography
G - Scores/music Y - Works by or about relatives and friends
H - Adaptations, parodies, etc. Z - Homes, towns and times (background)
J - Illustrations Za - Poetry, drama, and fiction
K - Concordances, dictionaries, encyclopedias, indexes Zc - Special interests and activities
L - Periodicals Zz - Association books
M - Miscellaneous material  

A - Works of spurious or doubtful attribution.
No letter follows the year of publication.

Example

Only a boy, 1920. -- Attributed to Eugene Field.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
F454 Field's author number
A920 Year of publication preceded by "A" to indicate doubtful attribution

B - Complete works.
Follow the year of publication with initial letter of title.

Example

Chopin, Kate. The complete works of Kate Chopin. Edited and with an introd. by Per Seyerstad, 1970.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
C456 Chopin's author number
B970C Year of publication preceded by "B" to indicate complete works and followed by initial letter of title

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C - Collections of an author's works.
Use when a collection contains two or more items. Follow the year of publication with initial letter of title. Use for collections of previously published works compiled by someone other than the author. Class collections of an author's correspondence with individual works by the author.

Example

Davis, Richard Harding. From "Gallegher" to "The deserter". The best stories of Richard Harding Davis. Selected with an introd. by Roger Burlingame, 1927.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
D296 Davis' author number
C927F Year of publication preceded by "C" to indicate collection and followed by initial letter of title

D - Extracts.
Use for extracts from several works rather than compilations. Extracts from a single work class with other editions of that work. Follow the year of publication with initial letter of title.

Example

Fitzgerald, F. Scott. F. Scott Fitzgerald on writing. Edited by Larry W. Phillips, 1985.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
F576 Fitzgerald's author number
D985F Year of publication preceded by "D" to indicate extracts and followed by initial letter of title

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E - Translations.
Use in combination with the letter from the table below. [e.g. Eh = French, En = German, etc.] The letter combination is followed by date of first edition of the specific translation, and the initial letter for the translator when known, or the initial letter of the title proper if the translator is unknown. Class translations here even if they are translations of collections or extracts. Class here translations of an author's work. Class works translated by the author with the individual works of the author. Adjust translator or title cutter in case of conflict.

Example

Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. [Selections. German & English] Dichtung und Prosa / Ezra Pound ; translated by Eva Hesse, 1956. -- 2nd ed.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
P865 Pound's author number
En953Hb Year of publication preceded by "En" to indicate translation into German and followed by initial letter of translator and "b" for 2nd ed.


f Polyglots, Latin
g English
h French, Provencal
j Italian
k Spanish, Catalan
L Portugese, Romansh (Raeto-Romance), Romanian
n German
p Dutch, Flemish, Afrikaans
q Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Icelandic
r Greek
t Celtic, Gaelic, Irish, Breton, Welsh, &c.
u Lithuanian, Bohemian (Czech), Polish, Russian, modern Bulgarian, Uralic-Altaic, Finnish, Hungarian, Turkish, Croatian, Serbian, Basque, and other Eastern European languages not specified elsewhere
v Armenian, Albanian, Slovene
w Indo-Iranian, Sanskrit, Persian, Semitic, Chinese, Japanese, Hebrew, Yiddish, Arabic, Vietnamese, Thai, Burmese, Korean, Indian (incl. Malayan, Bengali, etc.)

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F - Dramatizations.

Example

Wilde, Percival. Blood of the martyrs: a play in one act ... based on a short story by Stephen Vincent Benet, c1937.

Za Wrote predominantly before1950
B436 Benet's author number
F937W Year of publication preceded by "F" to indicate dramatization and followed by initial letter of main entry

G - Scores/music.
Use for scores and collections of music/lyrics by one author.
Exception: class sheet music by individual author under Za5.
Class collections of music/lyrics by more than one author under Za6.

Example

Hughes, Robert. Amo ergo sum ... based on The cantos of Ezra Pound, 1975.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
P865 Pound's author number
+G975H Year of publication preceded by "G" to indicate score and followed by initial letter of main entry

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H - Adaptations, parodies, etc.

Example

Whitelock, William Wallace. The literary guillotine, 1903. (Includes satire of Mark Twain.)

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
C591 Twain's author number
H903W Year of publication preceded by "H" to indicate parody and followed by initial letter of main entry

J - Illustrations.

K - Concordances, dictionaries, encyclopedias, indexes, etc.

Example

Reaver, J. Russell. An O'Neill concordance, 1969.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
On2 O'Neill's author number
+K969R Year of publication preceded by "K" to indicate concordance and followed by initial letter of main entry

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L - Periodicals.
Not used for new titles; use only for issues added to existing titles.
Use Za Z for new serial titles.

Example

Poe newsletter. v. 1-3, Apr. 1968-1970.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
P752 Poe's author number
+Lp7 "L'' for periodical, "p" from title, "7" a rough cutter for "o", 2nd letter of title

M - Miscellaneous material.

Example

Promotional material for "The bridge of San Luis Rey," the 2004 film of the Thornton Wilder novel.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
W6453 Wilder's author number
M2005P Year of publication preceded by "M" to indicate miscellaneous material and followed by initial letter of main entry

N - Tributes, memorials, festivals, exhibitions.

Example

At the graveside of Walt Whitman, 1892.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
W596 Whitman's author number
+N892A Year of publication preceded by "N" to indicate tribute and followed by initial letter of main entry

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Q - Bibliography, dealer's catalogs.

Example

Huff, Mary Nance. Robert Penn Warren, a bibliography, 1968

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
W255 Warren's author number
Q968H Year of publication preceded by "Q" to indicate bibliography and followed by initial letter of main entry

R - Sources, prototypes.

Example

Adams, John. John Adams speaking: Pound's sources for the Adams cantos, [1975?].

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
P865 Pound's author number
R975A Year of publication preceded by "R" to indicate source and followed by initial letter of main entry

S - Criticisms, commentaries (General)

Example

Bohner, Charles H. Robert Penn Warren, rev. ed., c1981.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
W255 Warren's author number
S964Bb Year of publication preceded by "S" to indicate general criticism and followed by initial letter of main entry and "b" to indicate revised ed.

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Sz - Books containing critical contributions about the author.
Obsolete as of November 1998. Reclass to "S" when found.

T - Criticism of a specific work.
Use with the initial letter of the work criticized.

Example

Rosenbach, A.S.W. An introduction to Herman Melville's Moby Dick, 1924.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
M497 Melville's author number
Tm924R Year of publication preceded by "Tm" to indicate criticism of specfic work and initial letter of specific work and followed by initial letter of main entry

W - Biography.
Biographical works about the author.
Autobiography, memoirs, and similar works by the author class as individual works by the author

Example

Hotchner, A.E. Papa Hemingway, 1966.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
H373 Hemingway's author number
W966H Year of publication preceded by "W" to indicate biography and followed by initial letter of main entry

Y - Works by or about relatives and friends.

Example

Stieglitz, Julius. Chemistry and recent progress in medicine, 1926. (Brother of Alfred Stieglitz).

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
St499 Alfred Stieglitz's author number
Y926S Year of publication preceded by "Y" to indicate work by a relative and followed by first letter of main entry

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Z - Homes, towns and times (background).

Example

Wall, Bernhardt. In Mark Twain's Missouri, 1931.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
C591 Twain's author number
Z931W Year of publication preceded by "Z" to indicate work about author's home and followed by first letter of main entry

Za - Poetry, drama, and fiction.

Example

Visetti, Umberto. Un sogn di una notte d'inverno, [c1925]. (Drama about Edgar Allan Poe).

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
P751 Poe's author number
+Za925V Year of publication preceded by "Za" to indicate drama about author and followed by first letter of main entry

Zc - Special interests and activities.

Example

James, George Wharton. Mark Twain: an appreciation of his pioneer writings on fasting and health, 1919.

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
C591 Twain's author number
+Zc919J Year of publication preceded by "Zc" to indicate work about author's special interests and followed by first letter of main entry

Zz - Association books.

Use for books with dedications to the author, and books from the author's library. The three-digit date of the work in hand is followed by the initial letter of the main entry. Add one or more letters from the main entry to resolve conflicts. No attempt is made to collocate.

Note: The author of the work takes precedence over provenance when classing unless instructed otherwise.

Note: It is legitimate to create a Cutter number for an individual who is not an author to accommodate books from that person's library.

Examples

Rimius, Henry. The history of the Moravians, 1754. (Owned by H.D.)

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
D721 H.D.'s author number
Zz754R Year of publication preceded by "Zz" to indicate book from author's library and followed by first letter of main entry

Bunyan, John. The pilgrims progress ... Philadelphia, 1897.
(From the library of Josephine Herbst; Za H418 Zz897B is already used.)

Za Wrote predominantly before 1950
H418 Josephine Herbst's author number
Zz897Bu Year of publication preceded by "Zz" to indicate book from author's library and followed by first two letters of main entry

Gallagher, Patrick. America's aims and Asia's aspirations, 1920. (Owned by Louise Crane, not an author)

Za
C8497 Louise Crane's Cutter number
Zz920G Year of publication preceded by "Zz" to indicate book from individual's library and followed by first letter of main entry

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Serials

Classification for serials is based loosely on the Cutter tables. The number is adjusted so that the title is placed within correct alphabetic sequence. The first line of the call number is Za. The second line of the call number begins with Z followed by a cutter for the main entry.

It is very important when classing YCAL serials to place the title in correct alphabetic order. Since there are many titles being added, and in many cases the number has to expand to 3 or more digits, an Excel spreadsheet, located on the "J" drive, is kept up to date with titles and with numbers assigned.

Examples

Blind alleys. Baltimore, 1982-

Za First line for all serials
Zb555 Letter "Z" to indicate serial followed by a cutter for the main entry.

Blind horse review. Lincoln, Neb., 1992-

Za First line for all serials
Zb5554 Letter "Z" to indicate serial followed by a cutter for the main entry..

Blind man. New York, 1917-

Za First line for all serials
Zb556 Letter "Z" to indicate serial followed by a cutter for the main entry..

In general, when a serial changes title, the classification will remain the same.

Example

Boy's and girl's magazine. Boston, 1848-1850

Za First line for all serials
Zf77 Letter "Z" to indicate serial followed by a cutter for the main entry.

Forrester's boy's and girl's magazine. Boston, 1851-1857 (Continues Boy's and girl's magazine).

Za First line for all serials
Zf77 Letter "Z" to indicate serial followed by a cutter for the main entry.

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Indexes
An index for a serial that is published as part of the serial will be added to the bibliographic record for the serial and will be marked "Index" at the end of the call number. An index to a serial that is published by an outside entity will be classed with the serial as above with an A following the number for the serial.

Example

Bibelot. General index: volumes I-XX inclusive 1895-1914. Portland, 1915.

Za First line for all serials
Zb4A Letter "Z" to indicate serial followed by a cutter for the main entry and "A" to indicate index published by an outside entity

Miscellaneous material
Miscellaneous material, including prospectuses, promotional literature, letters, subscription notices, etc. is usually removed and put into vertical files in Beinecke. When miscellaneous material is kept with the serial, it will be classed with the serial as above with a C following the number for the serial. If an item is to be individually cataloged, the third line will a 4 digit date followed by letter for the main entry (of the individually cataloged item).

Example

[Miscellaneous material by and about Colophon]

Za First line for all serials
Zc7C Letter "Z" to indicate serial followed by a cutter for the main entry and "C" to indicate miscellaneous material

Critical works abouta serial
Works of criticism about specific serials are classed as above with an X following the number for the serial and the addition of a third line giving a cutter number for the main entry of the critical work.

Example

Greenbaum, Leonard Aaron. The Hound & horn: episodes in American literary history, 1927-1934.

Za First line for all serials
Zh8X Letter "Z" to indicate serial followed by a cutter for the main entry and "X" to indicate criticism
G829 Cutter number for main entry of the critcal work

A monographic collection of excerpts from one or more serials classes in Za1 as an anthology and not with the serial unless the contents are written by one author, in which case it classes with the author.

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Other Types of Materials

Za1 - Anthologies
Za2 - Critical and biographical works on more than one American author, artist, etc.
Za4 - Exhibition catalogs (General)
Za5 - Sheet music of poems by American authors
Za6 - Monographic collections of songs
Za7 - Corporate entities, including private presses, publishers, theater companies etc.
Za8 - Phonograph recordings, films, audio tapes, video tapes, and CDs
Za9 - Binders and binding designers

Za1 - Anthologies
The second line is a three-digit date. Beginning in 2000, for books first published after 1999, use all four digits of the date for the second line. The third line is a Cutter number for the first word of the title.
Note: If another edition is already established in the old scheme, use the old scheme and add a letter at the end for the appropriate edition.

Examples

Modern American Poetry [edited] by Louis Untermeyer. -- Rev. and enl. ed., 1921. (Old form if title already exists)

Za1 Anthology
921Ub Year of publication followed by first letter of main entry (old form) and "b" for rev. and enl. ed.

Book of recent American poetry, 1998.

Za1 Anthology
998 Year of publication
B644 Cutter for first word of title

Za Za1 C1 - Broadsides (American literary): OBSOLETE. Class as year/number and use bein,ycal for location.

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Za2 - Miscellaneous, critical, and biographical works on more than one American authors, artists, etc.
Class here works, which do not easily class with a single author or elsewhere in YCAL. Types of material include critical, biographical, political, historical, and narrative works. This is also the classification of last resort for works that cannot class elsewhere in YCAL.
The second line is a Cutter number for the main entry. The third line is a three-digit date followed by the first letter of the title. If the title is the main entry, then the third line is just the three-digit date. For books first published after 1999, use all four digits of the date for the third line.

Example

Perkins, David, 1928- . A history of modern poetry, 1976.

Za2 Critical work on American authors
P419 Cutter for main entry
976H Year of publication followed by first letter of title

Za4 - Exhibition Catalogs (General)
The second line is a Cutter number for the main entry. The third line is a three-digit date followed by the first letter of the title. Beginning in 2000, for books first published after 1999, use all four digits of the date for the third line.

Note: Exhibition catalogs about an individual author class with the author.

Example

Brown, Milton Wolf. The modern spirit: American painting, 1908-1935; 1977.

Za4 Exhibition catalogs
B814 Cutter for main entry
+977M Year of publication followed by first letter of title

Za5 - Sheet music of poems by American authors
The second line is a Cutter number for the author. The third line is a four-digit date followed by the first letter of the title.

Za5 Sheet music of poems by American authors
B435 Cutter for author
+947S Year of publication followed by first letter of title

Za6 - Monographic collections of songs
Collections of music/lyrics that do not class with an individual author.
The second line is a four-digit date followed by the first letter of the title.

Example
Za6 Monographic collections of songs
1903S Year of publication followed by first letter of title

Za7 - Corporate entities, including private presses, publishers, theater companies etc.
Use for material the curator wants collected and/or classed together.
The second line is a Cutter for the corporate entity. The third line is a four digit date with the first letter of the title at end.

Za8 - Phonograph recordings, films, audio tapes, video tapes, and CDs
The second line consists of one of the following initial letters followed by a four-digit date and the first letter of the title.

For serials, the second line of the call number consists of one of the following letters followed by a cutter for the main entry.

A Audio tapes
C Compact disks
D Digital video disks
F Films
P Phonograph recordings
V Video tapes

Za9 - Binding designers and binders
Use for books which the curator wants collected and/or classed together because of the binder or binding designer.
The second line is a Cutter for name of the binder or binding designer. The third line is a four digit date and the first letter of the title.

Example

Page, Thomas Nelson. The old gentleman of the black stock, 1900. (Binding designed by Margaret Armstrong)

Za9 Binding designers and binders
Ar58 Cutter for Armstrong as designer of binding
1900P Year of publication followed by first letter of title (Using "P" instead of "O")

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Exceptions to the above classification scheme:

Ellery Queen Collection

Za Q31. Because of the magnitude of this collection (i.e. many editions of the same title) a separate classification scheme has been developed. The first two lines are Za Q31; the rest of the classification follows LC practice with a cutter number for the title and a four digit date for the date of pubication. Foreign translations are classed with the title by adding the appropriate letter for the language to the title cutter then adding a four digit date

Example

Queen, Ellery. [Glass village. Spanish]. La aldea de cristal, 1956.

Za YCAL
Q31 Ellery Queen collection
G53K Cutter for original title with "K" to indicate translation into Spanish
1956 Year of publication

Poe Library

This is material which Edgar Allen Poe reviewed for various periodicals, not material from his library. They are arranged by periodical in the order of their appearance and are classed to shelve after the books about Poe. The third line consists of Zz followed by a letter assigned for the periodical (not a cutter) and a number signifying the order in which Poe reviewed the book. A complete list of letters and numbers of the reviews is supposedly in the curator's office.

Example

Ingraham, J. H. (Joseph Holt), 1809-1860. Lafitte, the pirate of the Gulf, 1836 [reviewed for the Southern literary messenger].

Za YCAL pre-1950 author
P752 Poe's author number
ZzG89 "G" is the letter assigned to the Southern literary messenger; it was the 89th book reviewed by Poe for the journal

Isacc Watts's Hymns and spiritual songs ...

Isaac Watts's Hymns and spiritual songs ..., first printed in 1707, was revised several times in the following centuries, first by Joel Barlow in 1785 and then by Timothy Dwight in 1801. These revisions have been classed separately under Barlow as Za B249 785D-- and Dwight as Za D96 801P--. Due to the complicated printing/publishing history of both revisions, including separate printings within a particular year, the following apply:

(See the following documents for a more detailed listing of the printing/publication history of Barlow's and Dwight's revisions.)

Example (Barlow)

Doctor Watts's imitation of the Psalms of David ... Hartford : Printed for Hudson and Goodwin, and Nathaniel Patten ..., [1786]

Za YCAL pre-1950 author
B249 Barlow's author number
785Dba Date of the first edition of Barlow's revision (1785); inital letter of title (D); "b" for the additional year of publication (in this case, 1786 being the second year of this revision); and the third letter "a" being the first printing of that particular year

Example (Dwight)

The Psalms of David ... [New Haven, Conn.] : Printed for Hudson & Goodwin, from Sidney's Press, 1803.

Za YCAL pre-1950 author
D96 Dwight's author number
801Pcc Date of the first edition of Dwight's revision (1801); inital letter of title (P); "c" for the third subsequent year of publication; and the third letter "c" being the third printing of that particular year

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Other Collections

James Weldon Johnson Collection
New Directions Collection
Pollock Cat Collection
Tanselle Collection of American Imprints
William R. Scott Collection

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Special Tracings

Make appropriate special tracings including tracings for ethnic literature.

Betts Collection.
For material from the Betts Collection of poetry by Yale graduates, make a local note and tracing.

Example
590     ‡a BEIN [call no.]: Betts Collection of Yale Poetry.
693 2 4 ‡a Betts Collection of Yale Poetry.

852 7 0 ‡b beinycal ‡h Za [author no.] ‡i [book no.] ‡x Trans. and recl. from Betts [call number], [date of transfer].

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Appendix

Past practice.

B - Complete works. Formerly, the initial letter of editor's last name may have been used following the year of publication; when the editor was unknown, no letter was used.

C - Collections of an author's works. Formerly, the initial letter of editor's last name was used following the year of publication; when the editor was unknown, no letter wasused. Formerly this classification was used for collections of three or more works. If there were only two works within the publication, it was classed as an edition of the first work instead of as a collection.

D - Selections. Formerly, the initial letter of editor's last name may have been used following the year of publication; when the editor was unknown, no letter was used.

G - Scores/music. Formerly, illustrations were classed here.

T - Formerly, criticism of the Cantos of Ezra Pound used only the letter T.

Other Types of Material.
Za Za1 C1 or ZZa Za1 C1 - Broadsides. Formerly used for broadsides. Now use the broadsides year/number scheme.
Za Za1 C2 - Unbound proof sheets. Now class with individual author.
ZZa Za1 C4 - Miscellaneous pictorial posters. Now use the broadsides year/number scheme.
ZZa Za1 C5 - Miscellaneous advertising posters. Now use the broadsides year/number scheme.
Za1 G1 - Sheet music. Now use Za5.
Za1 G2 - Monographic collections of songs. Now use Za6.

Special tracings - Former (pre 1980) practice was that if a large collection with repeated provenances was classed as a block in one place, a general provenance card was considered sufficient. Blanket scope cards were made in these situations and filed in the Beinecke Provenance card catalog.

For more information on former policy and practice, see the 1978 and 1996 versions in the Historical Manual.

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