?1535, Daniel's Dream, Germany,
Also known as the "Wittenberg World Map," this map was based on the prophecy
from Chapter 7 of the book of Daniel, which speaks of "the four winds
of the heaven...and four great beasts [which] came up from the sea." Certain
theologians at Wittenberg inte rpreted this dream as a foretelling of
the victory of the Turks at Mohacs in 1526, and the image remained popular
for several decades after. This particular version of the map was taken
from a German Bible printed in 1535, where it was used as an illustr ation
for the Book of Daniel. The first impression of the map was made around
1530, by the printer Hans Lufft.
1777, Das Reich der Liebe,
Leipzig, Johann Gottleib Immanuel Breitkopf.
Allegorical "Maps of Love," such as this one, first appeared in the late
eighteenth century and, while rare, were produced from time to time over
the course of the next hundred years. Sometimes they outlined a progression
through love and marriage, with such locations as Baby Land and Squabble
Marsh. Others, like the one seen here, are divided according to the various
aspects of love.
1790, England, London, Gillray (?)
Near the end of the eighteenth century, there appeared a number of humorous
and satirical maps depicting caricatured people in the forms of various
nations. This is one of the earliest known examples of this kind of map,
and it appears to be a forerunner of the Geography Bewitched series.
1794, Geography Bewitched! London, Bowles and Carver.
These satirical maps depict England
and Scotland as caricatured people
in the shape of each country.
1868, Geographical Fun, London, William Harvey.
Upon their first publication, the artist described these maps as "humorous
outlines of various countries, with an introduction and descriptive lines,"
intended to make geography enjoyable and accessible to children. By today's
standards, some of these pi ctures might appear stereotypical, and even
slightly offensive. However, at the time, they were quite popular, and
they reflect the contemporary conceptions (or misconceptions) of these
countries. The countries represented are: Denmark, France,
Germany, Ireland, Italy,
Spain/Portugal, Scotland, and Wales.
Paths of Life, Philadelphia, B. Johnson.
This allegorical map clearly (if not subtly) outlines the different potential
courses that a person's life can take. From "Parental Care Hall," a person
can either pass through "Discreet County" and "Humble District" towards
"Happy Old Age Hall" and "Pea ceful Ocean," or get caught in "Gaming Quicksands,"
"Poverty Maze," and "Misery Square" on the way to "Despair Gulph" and
the "Bottomless Pit."
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