Order of Preference (LCRI 22.3C)
Follow this order of preference when establishing headings for Hebrew and Yiddish persons with surnames:
1) If the name is found in Academic American Encyclopedia, and in The Encyclopedia Americana, and in Encyclopaedia Britannica (15th ed.), use the form found in these three sources; if the form varies in these three sources, use the form found in Encyclopaedia Britannica (15th ed.).
2) If the name is found prominently in a romanized form on the person's works in Hebrew or Yiddish, use this form.
3) If the name is found in The Encyclopaedia Judaica, use this form.
4) Otherwise, use the systematically romanized form of the name
(Note: 1) If the heading for an author reflects the systematically romanized form and a subsequently received work of the author in Hebrew or Yiddish shows a non-systematically romanized name, generally do not change the heading. This means that only in exceptional cases will systematically romanized names be candidates for change. 2) If the heading for a Hebrew or Yiddish author reflects a non-systematically romanized form and a subsequently received work of the author in Hebrew or Yiddish shows a different non-systematically romanized form, do not change the heading until the different form clearly predominates.)
Non-author Personal Names (AACR2 22.1B)
“If the person works in a nonverbal context (e.g., a painter, a sculptor) or is not known primarily as an author, determine the name by which he or she is commnonly known from reference sources issued in his or her language or country of residence or activity”
Ex.: I established Hayim Shahor, printer wood-engraver, through ha-Entsik. ha-Ivrit, 1948 or 1949.
Hakohen or ha-Kohen? (HebNACO FAQ)
Whether "ha-Kohen" should be treated as a surname or a $c is a trickier question. The practice is to treat it as a $c for a pre-20th-century author, unless there's evidence the other way. In this case, there IS evidence, namely the treatment in Bet 'eked. Bet 'eked carries a lot of authority, since it's a reference source in the author's language of activity, so it's recommended to adopt its view of the surname (and entry-element) status here.
ID:NAFR9932301 ST:p EL:n STH:a MS:n UIP:a TD:19991019013731 KRC:a NMU:a CRC:c UPN:a SBU:a SBC:a DID:n DF:10-14-99 RFE:a CSC:c SRU:b SRT:n SRN:n TSS:n TGA:? ROM:? MOD: LCT: VST:d 10-21-99
010 nr 99032301
100 1 Hakohen, Yits.ha.k ben Mena.hem Monish
400 0 Yits.ha.k ben Mena.hem Monish,$cha-Kohen, mi-Druis.k
400 1 Monish, Yits.ha.k ben Mena.hem,$cha-Kohen
400 0 Isaak Monish
670 Sefer Li.ku.te Yits.ha.k, 1891:$bt.p. (Yits.ha.k b.R. Mena.hem Monish ha-Kohen, zal, mi-Druis.k) t.p. verso ( ... Isaaka Monysha [in Cyr.])
670 Bet 'e.ked sefarim, 1951-1956$b(hdg.: Hakohen, Yits.ha.k)
675 Ency. Judaica, c1972.
Formatted December 3, 2004 5:10 PM