Music Cataloging at Yale MARC Tagging

MARC field 382: Medium of performance
Note: this page was created with music cataloging in mind.

Use in conjunction with Recording medium of performance for musical works (RDA 6.15)

See also 380: Form of work | 381: Other distinguishing characteristics of work or expression | 383: Numeric designation of musical work | 384: Key
Sources: LC MARC 21 format for bibliographic date and authority data and DCM Z1

Indicators || Subfields: a | b | d | n | p | s | v | 2 || Examples: instrumental | vocal

See Provisional Best Practices for Using LCMPT (Music Library Association Subject Access Subcommittee)
Instructions for PCC catalogers are in Descriptive Cataloging Manual (DCM) Z1, section on field 382.

In authority records:
the instrumental, vocal, and/or other medium of performance for which a musical work was originally conceived or for which a musical expression is written or performed.
     ° May be used to differentiate a musical work or expression from another with the same title.
          Currently, 382 fields are not added to authority records for authorized access points representing arrangements.

In bibliographic records:
"LCMPT and the 382 are not tethered to a descriptive cataloging standard. In other words, it's acceptable (and indeed encouraged) to add a LCMPT-based 382 whenever you would add a "subject" heading in the current environment." Casey Mullin, MOUG-L, 6/2/2014

For manifestations: the instrumental, vocal, and/or other medium of performance embodied in the manifestation.
For works and expressions: the instrumental, vocal, and/or other medium of performance for which a musical work was originally conceived or for which a musical expression is written or performed.
     ° May be used to differentiate a musical work or expression from another with the same title.

General guidelines for the 382 currently being followed, which may or may not be adopted/approved by LC:

° Record the complete medium of performance for a single work in a single 382 field.

° Provide a 382 for each medium of performance when there is more than one work in the manifestation.

° Do not include a 382 field for expressions (e.g., arrangements, etc.)
     ° Optionally, supply medium of performance in expression authority records.

° Record the names of instruments or voices following these guidelines:

     ° Record the name of the instrument or voice in the singular (even if there is more than one)
               » follow the name with the number of that instrument or voice in ‡n
          » include the number even if it is implicit in the preferred title
          » do not include the number when
               ° the number of performers is uncertain
          » include the number of ensembles in ‡n for a standard combination of instruments or a group, e.g., ‡a orchestra ‡n 1

     ° Include the terms alto, tenor, bass, etc.
          » although these terms are omitted from the medium of performance in access points as per 6.15.1.6.2

     ° Record the name of solo a instrument or voice in ‡b

     ° Record the names of doubling instruments in ‡d following the instrument to which it applies

     ° Record the names of alternate instruments in ‡p, following the instrument to which it applies

     ° If the work is for a standard combination of instruments or includes as an accompanying ensemble a standard combination of instruments:
          » record the name of each instrument
          and/or
          » record the name of the standard combination (string trio, piano quartet, etc.) examples
           Note: Even though the rule on standard chamber combinations was removed from RDA in April 2014, the DCM Z1 section on the 382 field still includes examples of them.

     ° Song, Lied, etc. not in a "popular" idiom:
          » record the term for the solo voice
          » record the names of all accompanying instrument(s) or the large ensemble name, even if the accompanying instrument is implicit in the preferred title
          » do not follow with the word accompaniment
          » if the solo voice is accompanied by multiple solo instruments or a large ensemble, record the voice in ‡b and the accompaniment in ‡a; otherwise, record both in ‡a.

     ° Record the total number of performers needed for performance of the work in ‡s at the end of the field
          » Do not use ‡s when the medium includes terms for indefinitely populated ensembles, e.g., orchestra, jazz ensemble, etc.

° If considered important for identification and access, provide an additional 382 that does not apply these guidelines.
Indicators
1st _ = no information provided
0 = medium of performance
1 = partial medium of performance
2nd always blank
Subfields: Multiple mediums from the same source vocabulary may also be recorded in separate occurrences of the field if each medium is controlled by an Authority record control number or standard number in subfield ‡0
‡a Medium of performance: a term that indicates the instrumental, vocal, and/or other medium of performance.
          ° Multiple mediums from the same source vocabulary may be recorded in the same field in separate occurrences of subfield ‡a.
          ° Terms from different source vocabularies are recorded in separate occurrences of the field.

Use the term "percussion" unless cataloger judgment dictates the need for greater detail.
‡b Soloist: term for a soloist (a featured instrument or voice accompanied by an ensemble)
Examples: instrumental | vocal
‡d Doubling instrument: term for the instrument(s)/voice(s) a performer in a musical work/expression plays in addition to the primary instrument/voice
          ° May be recorded in separate occurrences of subfield ‡d
          ° May also be recorded in separate occurrences of the field if each medium is controlled by an authority record control number or standard number in subfield ‡0.
Examples: instrumental
‡n Number of performers of the same medium named in the preceding subfield.
          ° May be omitted if the number equals 1
          ° give the name of the instrument or voice in the singular
          ° do not enclose the number in parentheses:
            violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1

If the medium includes an uncertain number of performers, do not include ‡n.
Include the number of ensembles in ‡n for a standard combination of instruments or a group, e.g., ‡a orchestra ‡n 1
Examples: instrumental | vocal
‡p Alternative medium of performance: term for an alternative instrument, vocal, and/or other medium of performance, given as an alternative to its primary medium of performance in preceding subfield ‡a, ‡b, or ‡d.

Record alternative instruments in one of two ways:
1. Use a single 382 field:
     ° record alternative instruments in ‡p following the appropriate ‡a, ‡b, or ‡d
     ° include a number in ‡n when applicable following each ‡p.
2. Use two 382 fields:
     ° 1st 382 field: record initial initial medium of performance.
     ° 2nd 382 field: record alternate mediums, recording alternative instruments in ‡p.
Examples: instrumental | vocal
‡s Total number of performers needed to perform in the musical work.
     ° Do not use ‡s when the medium includes terms for indefinitely populated ensembles, e.g., orchestra, jazz ensemble, etc.
Examples: instrumental | vocal
‡v Note for information that is not kept otherwise in the subfields of the field.
          ° May contain a description of the relationship between an alternative medium of performance and its primary medium of performance, or other textual information

From Hermine Vermeij on PCCLIST, 1/21/2014: Situations in which ‡v would be useful, when the medium isn't clear from the title, the preferred title, or the 382 field, if present:
          ° giving voice type details for vocal works (SATB, SSA, etc.)
          ° explaining complicated doubling or instrumentation that can't easily be expressed using controlled vocabulary
Examples: instrumental | vocal
‡2 MARC code that identifies the source of the term in subfield $a when it is from a controlled list.
          ° use ‡2 lcmpt for Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music (LCMPT)
          ° For guidelines on the application of LCMPT, see Provisional Best Practices for Using LCMPT
           LCMPT terms are not used in the medium of performance in authorized access points

The names of some instruments and voices vary from past practice in the 382 field and from RDA:
Past practice or RDA LCMPT
soprano soprano voice
mezzo-soprano mezzo-soprano voice
alto alto voice
baritone [for the brass instrument] baritone horn
baritone [for the voice type] baritone voice
bass bass voice
voice [for unspecified singing range] singer
narrator speaker
mixed voices mixed chorus
women's voices women's chorus
men's voices men's chorus

Examples
Instrumental:
The following examples represent practice allowed by the revision of the DCM Z1 document concerning the 382 field; further refinement may be forthcoming:
382 0_ piano ‡n 2 ‡s 2 ‡v piano, 4 hands ‡2 lcmpt
382 0_ prepared piano
382 0_ alto flute
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡s 1
382 0_ ‡b clarinet ‡a string orchestra
382 0_ oboe ‡p saxophone ‡v alternative for oboe

Unspecified medium of performance:
382 0_ unspecified
382 0_ unspecified instrument ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡s 2
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a unspecified instrument ‡n 2 ‡s 3
382 0_ unspecified instrument ‡n 4 ‡s 4

Examples of numbers in ‡n and ‡s for instruments:
(Note: LC does not always use ‡s)
382 0_ violin ‡n 2 ‡a continuo
     ° since "continuo" can consist of multiple instruments, ‡n and ‡s were omitted.
382 0_ piano ‡n 2 ‡a percussion ‡n 2 ‡s 4
382 0_ vibraphone ‡n 2 ‡a marimba ‡n 2 ‡s 4
382 0_ synthesizer ‡n 3 ‡a organ ‡n 1 ‡s 4
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 2 ‡s 6
382 0_ clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a alto saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 6
382 0_ clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 6
382 0_ clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 6
382 0_ clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 6
382 0_ clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 7
382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡s 7
382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a English horn ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡s 8
382 0_ piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a English horn ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a contrabassoon ‡n 1
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a guitar ‡n 1 ‡a vibraphone ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡s 8
382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 9
382 0_ flute ‡n 2 ‡a oboe ‡n 2 ‡a clarinet ‡n 2 ‡a bassoon ‡n 2 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡s 10
382 0_ trumpet ‡n 3 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a trombone ‡n 2 ‡a tuba ‡n 1 ‡a timpani ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡s 10
          ° in the AAP, the timpani and percussion are subsumed under the term "percussion"
382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 10
382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a timpani ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 13
382 0_ trumpet ‡n 3 ‡a horn ‡n 4 ‡a trombone ‡n 2 ‡a bass trombone ‡n 1 ‡a tuba ‡n 1 ‡a timpani ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 2 ‡s 14
382 0_ piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 2 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 15
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 2 ‡a clarinet ‡n 2 ‡a oboe ‡n 2 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a trombone ‡n 2 ‡a bassoon ‡n 2 ‡a trumpet ‡n 2 ‡s 15
          ° for 2 flutes, 2 clarinets, 2 oboes, 2 horns, 2 trombones, 2 bassoons, 2 trumpets, prepared piano
          ° note that score order places bassoons after trombones and trumpets after trombones
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 2 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 16
382 0_ piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 2 ‡a oboe ‡n 2 ‡a English horn ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 3 ‡a horn ‡n 4 ‡a bassoon ‡n 2 ‡a contrabassoon ‡n 1 ‡s 16
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a saxophone ‡n 5 ‡a trumpet ‡n 4 ‡d flügelhorn ‡n 4 ‡a trombone ‡n 4 ‡a guitar ‡n 1 ‡a vibraphone ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡a drums ‡n 1 ‡s 18
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 4 ‡a oboe ‡n 2 ‡a bassoon ‡n 2 ‡a alto clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 4 ‡a bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a soprano saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a alto saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a tenor saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a baritone saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 2 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a trombone ‡n 2 ‡a tuba ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡s 28

Solo instrument(s) with ensemble (‡b) for instruments:
382 0_ ‡b marimba ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 4 ‡s 5
          ° for solo marimba with percussion quartet
382 0_ ‡b cello ‡n 1 ‡a orchestra ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡b saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡s 6
382 0_ ‡b saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a string orchestra
382 0_ ‡b marimba ‡a percussion ensemble ‡s 7
382 0_ ‡b viola ‡n 1 ‡a instrumental ensemble ‡n 1 ‡2 lcmpt
382 0_ ‡b percussion ‡n 1 ‡a instrumental ensemble
382 0_ ‡b percussion ‡n 1 ‡a orchestra
382 0_ ‡b theremin ‡n 1 ‡a guitar ‡n 1 ‡a harmonic canon ‡n 1 ‡a chromelodeon ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 3 ‡s 7
          ° for solo theremin, guitar 1, harmonic canon 1, chromolodeon [that is, chromelodeon] 1, diamond marimba, bass marimba, zoomoozophone, and juststrokerods
382 0_ ‡b violin ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 2 ‡a cello ‡n 2 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 7
          ° for string septet; 2 violins (one solo), 2 violas, 2 cellos, double bass
382 0_ ‡b piano ‡n 1 ‡b saxophone ‡n 4 ‡b harp ‡n 1 ‡b percussion ‡n 4 ‡a string orchestra
382 0_ ‡b trumpet ‡n 3 ‡b oboe ‡n 2 ‡a timpani ‡n 1 ‡a string orchestra
382 0_ ‡b accordion ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡d piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 15

Keep in mind that there may a difference in the terms that are appropriate as an attribute of the work and those that are appropriate for an access point.

In the authorized access point, "instrumental ensemble" is used. There are two 382 fields, one in which "instrumental ensemble" is used and another in which each instrument in the instrumental ensemble is listed:
382 0_ ‡b trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a instrumental ensemble ‡n 1 ‡s 8
382 0_ ‡b trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 8

In this example, the instruments in the flute ensemble/choir are listed in the 1st 382 field. In the 2nd and 3rd 382 fields, the name of the accompanying ensemble (called "flute orchestra" on the resource) is used:
382 0_ ‡b flute ‡n 1 ‡a piccolo ‡n 3 ‡a flute ‡n 5 ‡a alto flute ‡n 2 ‡s 11
382 0_ ‡b flute ‡n 1 ‡a flute ensemble ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡b flute ‡n 1 ‡a flute choir ‡n 1

More examples of this:

382 0_ ‡b percussion ‡n 1 ‡a instrumental ensemble
382 0_ ‡b percussion ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡s 6

382 0_ ‡b bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a woodwind ensemble
382 0_ ‡b bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 2 ‡a clarinet ‡n 2 ‡a bassoon ‡n 2 ‡s 7

382 0_ ‡b trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a instrumental ensemble ‡n 1 ‡s 8
382 0_ ‡b trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 8

Doubling (‡d) for instruments:
382 0_ clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a vibraphone ‡n 1 ‡d harpsichord ‡n 1 ‡s 2

382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡d alto flute ‡n 1 ‡a vibraphone ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 4

382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡d celesta ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡a vibraphone ‡n 1 ‡d marimba ‡n 1 ‡s 4

382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 2 ‡a oboe ‡n 2 ‡a English horn ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 3 ‡a bassoon ‡n 2 ‡a contrabassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 4 ‡a trumpet ‡n 3 ‡a trombone ‡n 3 ‡a tuba ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 5 ‡a double bass ‡n 4

382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡d alto flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡d English horn ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡d bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 6
          ° for flute/alto flute, oboe/English horn, clarinet/bass clarinet, viola, violoncello, double bass

382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a keyboard instrument ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡d piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡a kora ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 8
          ° for piano, kora, flute, piccolo, clarinet, cello, keyboards, percussion

382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡d piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 3 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 9
          ° for flute/piccolo, clarinet, bassoon, trumpet, timpani, percussion, 3 violins, and double bass; one performer plays both the timpani and percussion parts

382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡d alto flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1
          ° for flute/alto flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, trumpet, trombone, piano, violin, viola

382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡d celesta ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡a chimes ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 9

382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡a vibraphone ‡n 1 ‡d glockenspiel ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 11

382 0_ alto flute ‡n 1 ‡d piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡d chimes ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡d chimes ‡n 1 ‡a bass trombone ‡n 1 ‡d chimes ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 12
               ° for alto flute/piccolo, clarinet in A, bass clarinet/chimes, horn/chimes, bass trombone/chimes, percussion, harp, violin, viola, cello, bass

382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡d piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 2 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a tuba ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 3 ‡d piano ‡n 1 ‡s 13
               ° for flute/piccolo, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, 2 trumpets, 2 horns, trombone, tuba, and percussion (3 performers, 1 doubling on piano)

382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡d piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 2 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡d bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a alto saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 2 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a trumpet ‡n 2 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 21
               ° for 2 flutes (2nd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets (2nd doubling bass clarinet), alto saxophone, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets,
                 trombone, piano, percussion, 2 violins, viola, cello, and double bass

382 0_ alto flute ‡n 1 ‡d piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡d English horn ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 2 ‡d bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡d contrabassoon ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 2 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 3
               ° for alto flute/picc, oboe/English horn, 1st B♭clarinet/E♭ 2nd B♭ clarinet/ bass clarinet, bassoon/contrabassoon, 2 trumpets, 2 trombones, 3 percussion

Alternate instrument (‡p) for instruments:
382 0_ horn ‡n 1 ‡p violin ‡n 1 ‡p flute ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡s 2
               ° for horn or violin or flute and piano

382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡p harp ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 4
               ° for flute, violin, cello, and piano or harp

382 0_ flute ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡p bassoon ‡n 1 ‡s 4
               ° for flute, clarinet, viola, and cello or bassoon

382 0_ trombone ‡n 1 ‡p horn ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 5
               ° trombone or horn and string quartet

Example of ‡b, ‡d, ‡n:
382 0_ ‡b violin ‡a countertenor ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a synthesizer ‡n 1 ‡a electronics ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 2 ‡d bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 2 ‡d contrabassoon ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a tuba ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 8 ‡a cello ‡n 2 ‡a double bass ‡n 1
               ° for solo violin, real-time live electronics, and an instrumental ensemble: flute, oboe, 2 clarinets including bass clarinet, 2 bassoons including contrabassoon,
                 horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba, 1 percussionist, 2 keyboard players (acoustic piano and Midi keyboards), 8 violins, 2 cellos, 1 double bass (and countertenor))

Explanatory note (‡v) for instruments:
382 0_ piano ‡n 2 ‡v piano 4 hands ‡2 lcmpt
               ° used because LCMPT does not have terms for more than one performer on one instrument

Two 382 fields in the same AR (n 2014000149):
382 0_ ‡v orchestral version: ‡a orchestra
382 0_ ‡v chamber version: ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 2 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1

Six 382 fields in the AR (n 2014001809) to reflect differing instrumentation in each movement:
382 0_ ‡v Movements 1, 5, 6: ‡a tenor saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡v Movement 2: ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡v Movement 3: ‡a alto saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡v Movement 4: ‡a bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a hand claps ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡v Movement 7: ‡a sopranino saxophone ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡v Movement 8 ‡a soprano saxophone ‡n 1 ‡d bass flute ‡n 1 ‡d clarinet ‡n 1 ‡d flute ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1

Six 382 fields in the AR (nr2002022366) to reflect differing instrumentation in each movement:
382 0_ organ ‡a piano ‡a recorder ‡n 2 ‡a flute ‡n 2 ‡a clarinet ‡n 2 ‡a saxophone ‡a violin ‡a guitar ‡a percussion ‡a viola ‡v 1st movement
382 0_ piano ‡a flute ‡a clarinet ‡v 2nd movement
382 0_ piano ‡a organ ‡a synthesizer ‡a flute ‡a clarinet ‡n 2 ‡a saxophone ‡a trumpet ‡a percussion ‡a tape ‡v 3rd movement

Examples of using two 382 fields for standard combinations of instruments:
382 0_ violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 4
382 0_ string quartet

382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 4
382 0_ piano quartet

382 0_ piano, 1 hand ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 5
382 0_ piano quintet

Vocal examples:

Indicating number of voices:
Currently, there are no guidelines for indicating number of voices. These are examples of current practice in the authority file:
The following examples represent practice before the revision of the DCM Z1 document concerning the 382 field:
382 __ women's voices (4)
382 __ voices (4-6) ‡a continuo
382 __ voices (5-12)
382 __ 6, 7, 8, 12, 16 voices
382 0_ singer ‡n 8 ‡s 8 ‡2 lcmpt
               ° Note that "singer" is the correct LCMPT form for a performer who uses his or her voice to produce musical tone.
               ° The LCMPT term "voice" is used for an unspecified vocalized part, including speaking voice and vocal percussion.

The following example represents practice allowed by the revision of the DCM Z1 document concerning the 382 field; further refinement may be forthcoming:
Examples of numbers in ‡n and ‡s:
Solo voice(s) (including narrator), without chorus:
382 0_ medium voice ‡a piano
382 0_ medium voice ‡a piano ‡s 2
382 0_ voice ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡s 2
382 0_ high voice ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡s 2
382 0_ tenor ‡n 1 ‡p soprano ‡n 1 ‡a continuo
               ° for tenor (or soprano) with thoroughbass; since "continuo" can consist of multiple instruments, ‡n and ‡s were omitted.
382 0_ baritone voice ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡s 2 ‡2 lcmpt
               ° Note that "baritone voice" (not "baritone") is the LCMPT form

382 0_ voice ‡n 3 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 7
382 0_ soprano ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡s 8
382 0_ ‡b baritone ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a bassoon ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a double bass ‡n 1 ‡s 10
382 0_ high voice ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 2 ‡d piccolo ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 2 ‡a vibraphone ‡n 1 ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡a harpsichord ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 12
382 0_ solo vocal ensemble ‡2 lcmpt

Narrator/Speaker:
382 0_ ‡b narrator ‡n 1 ‡a orchestra
382 0_ ‡b narrator ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡d alto flute ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡d bass clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a percussion ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 7
               ° for narrator, flute doubling alto flute, clarinet doubling bass clarinet, percussion, violin, cello, and piano
382 0_ piano ‡n 1 ‡v narrator ad libitum
382 0_ ‡b speaker ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1 ‡s 3 ‡2 lcmpt
               ° Note that "speaker" is the correct LCMPT form

Solo voice(s) (including narrator), with chorus:
382 0_ ‡b voice ‡n 1 ‡a mixed voices ‡n 4 ‡a organ ‡n 1 ‡v solo performed by cantor
382 0_ mixed voices ‡n 4 ‡a organ ‡n 1 ‡b tenor ‡n 1 ‡v vocal solo sung by cantor
382 0_ woman's voice ‡a mixed voices ‡a orchestra
382 0_ soprano ‡n 1 ‡a mixed voices
382 0_ soprano ‡n 2 ‡a mixed voices ‡a instrumental ensemble
               ° for 2 sopranos, chorus, and 16 players
382 0_ ‡b tenor ‡n 1 ‡b narrator ‡n 3 ‡a men's voices ‡a orchestra
               ° for tenor, 3 speakers, male chorus, chorus, small orchestra
382 0_ mezzo-soprano ‡n 1 ‡a men's voices ‡a violin ‡n 1

Solo voices(s) with ensemble (‡b):
382 0_ ‡b voice ‡n 1 ‡a instrumental ensemble ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡b voice ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡s 4
382 0_ ‡b low voice ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a harp ‡n 1 ‡s 4
382 0_ ‡b voice ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 1 ‡a viola da gamba ‡n 1 ‡a continuo
382 0_ ‡b female voice ‡a flute ‡a percussion
382 0_ trumpet ‡n 2 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡a trombone ‡n 1 ‡a tuba ‡n 1 ‡a singer ‡n 1 ‡s 6 ‡2 lcmpt
382 0_ ‡b soprano ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 1 ‡p English horn ‡n 1 ‡p clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡n 3
               ° for for soprano, French horn (or English horn or clarinet), and piano
382 0_ ‡b tenor voice ‡n 2 ‡b bass voice ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 1 ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a continuo ‡n 1 ‡2 lcmpt

This is an example of one 382 field used to name an accompanying ensemble and one 382 field in which each instrument in the accompanying ensemble is listed:
382 0_ ‡b voice ‡n 1 ‡a instrumental ensemble ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡b voice ‡n 1 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡s 4
382 0_ ‡b soprano voice ‡n 1 ‡b alto voice ‡n 1 ‡b tenor voice ‡n 1 ‡b bass voice ‡n 1 ‡a mixed chorus ‡n 1 ‡a organ ‡n 1 ‡a horn ‡n 2 ‡a flute ‡n 2 ‡a bowed string ensemble ‡n 1 ‡2 lcmpt

This is an example of one 382 field used to list each instrument in an accompanying ensemble and one 382 field in which the name of the accompanying ensemble is used:
382 0_ ‡b soprano ‡n 3 ‡b alto ‡n 3 ‡a mixed voices ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡d alto flute ‡n 1 ‡a clarinet ‡n 1 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a vibraphone ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 4 ‡a bass guitar ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡b soprano ‡n 3 ‡b alto ‡n 3 ‡a mixed voices ‡a instrumental ensemble

Choral music, without accompaniment or solo voice(s):
382 0_ mixed voices
382 0_ mixed chorus ‡2 lcmpt
               ° Note that "mixed chorus" is the correct LCMPT form
382 0_ mixed chorus ‡v cantus, contratenor, tenor, bass ‡2 lcmpt
382 0_ men's voices ‡n 5

Choral music, with accompaniment, without solo voice(s):
382 0_ mixed voices ‡a continuo
382 0_ mixed voices ‡a orchestra
382 0_ mixed voices ‡a instrumental ensemble
382 0_ equal voices ‡a piano
382 0_ mixed solo voices ‡n 3 ‡a continuo
382 0_ mixed voices ‡a organ ‡n 1
382 0_ mixed voices ‡a organ ‡n 2
382 0_ mixed voices ‡a wind instrument ‡n 4
382 0_ women's voices ‡n 2 ‡a organ ‡n 1
382 0_ women's voices ‡n 3 ‡a piano ‡n 1
382 0_ men's voices ‡n 2 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡s 3
382 0_ unison voices ‡a organ ‡n 1
382 0_ children's voices ‡a cello ‡n 8
382 0_ treble voices ‡n 3 ‡a trumpet ‡n 1 ‡a string orchestra ‡n 1
382 0_ boy's voices ‡a electronics
382 0_ children's voices ‡a cello ‡n 8
               ° for children's choir and 8 cellos
382 0_ mixed voices ‡a violin ‡n 2 ‡a viola ‡n 1 ‡a cello ‡n 1

Alternate voice(s) (‡p):
382 0_ tenor ‡n 1 ‡p soprano ‡n 1 ‡a continuo
382 0_ men's voices ‡n 4 ‡p men's voices (4) with piano accompaniment ad libitum ‡v originally for voice and piano
382 0_ ‡b soprano voice ‡a mixed chorus ‡a orchestra ‡p soprano voice ‡p alto voice ‡p tenor voice ‡p bass voice ‡v SATB ‡2 lcmpt
               ° for soprano solo, SATB chorus (or soloists), and orchestra

Explanatory note (‡v) for voices:
382 0_ mixed voices ‡v SATB divisi
382 0_ mixed voices ‡v for descant (treble), alt (mean), tenor, bass in various combinations from 3 to 8 voices
382 0_ men's voices ‡v piano for rehearsal only
382 0_ mixed voices ‡n 4 ‡v organ ad libitum
382 0_ mixed voices ‡n 4 ‡v SATB
382 0_ mixed voices ‡n 4 ‡v SATB ‡a organ ‡n 1
382 0_ mixed voices ‡n 5 ‡v SSATB ‡a organ ‡n 1
382 0_ ‡b voice ‡n 1 ‡a mixed voices ‡n 4 ‡a organ ‡n 1 ‡v solo performed by cantor
382 0_ mixed voices ‡n 4 ‡a organ ‡n 1 ‡b tenor ‡n 1 ‡v vocal solo sung by cantor
382 0_ women's voices ‡n 4 ‡a piano ‡n 1 ‡v optional bass and drum kit
382 0_ medium voice ‡n 1 ‡a guitar ‡n 1 ‡a flute ‡n 1 ‡s 3 ‡v flute ad libitum ‡2 lcmpt
382 0_ soprano ‡n 1 ‡a alto ‡n 1 ‡a tenor ‡n 1 ‡a bass ‡n 1 ‡a mixed voices ‡v SATB ‡a flute ‡n 2 ‡a trumpet ‡n 2 ‡a timpani ‡n 1 ‡a string orchestra
382 0_ men's voices ‡n 4 ‡p men's voices (4) with piano accompaniment ad libitum ‡v originally for voice and piano
               ° for an arrangement
382 0_ ‡b soprano voice ‡v ad libitum ‡n 1 ‡b alto voice ‡v ad libitum ‡n 1 ‡b bass voice ‡v ad libitum ‡n 1 ‡a mixed chorus ‡n 1 ‡a oboe ‡n 2 ‡a bowed string ensemble ‡n 1 ‡a continuo ‡2 lcmpt
382 0_ mixed voices ‡n 1 ‡a organ ‡n 1 ‡b soprano ‡n 1 ‡b contralto ‡n 1 ‡b baritone ‡n 1 ‡v flute and oboe or violins in obligato ad libitum
382 0_ mixed voices ‡a orchestra ‡n 1 ‡b soprano ‡n 1 ‡b alto ‡n 1 ‡p string orchestra ‡n 1 ‡v alternative for orchestra ‡p piano ‡n 1 ‡v alternative for orchestra ‡p organ ‡n 1 ‡v alternative for orchestra
382 0_ men's voices ‡n 4 ‡p men's voices (4) with piano accompaniment ad libitum ‡v originally for voice and piano
               ° for an arrangement


Comments to Mickey Koth Yale University Music Library
©Yale University Library Last revised August 4, 2014.