Music Cataloging at Yale Preferred titles

Additions to access points representing musical works (RDA 6.28.1.9-6.28.1.11)

See also Access points representing musical works (RDA 6.28.1.1-6.28.1.8)
Authorized access point representing a part or parts of a musical work (RDA 6.28.2)
Access points representing musical expressions (RDA 6.28.3)

These instructions cover additions to access points representing:
     ° musical works with titles that are not distinctive
     ° musical works with distinctive titles
     ° compilations of musical works
(6.28.1.9) Titles that are not distinctive
For a musical work with a preferred title that consists solely of the name of a type of composition, or of two or more types, of composition, make one or more of the following elements, in this order:
     ° the medium of performance (6.15),
     ° a numeric designation (6.16),
     ° a key (6.17)

Exception:
Medium of performance:
Omit the medium of performance when one or more of the following conditions apply:
     ° the medium is implied by the title:
Title: Implied medium:
choral prelude organ
mass voices, with or without accompaniment
overture orchestra
song, Lieder solo voice or voices with accompaniment for keyboard stringed instrument
     ° if in a "popular" idiom, solo voice or voices with instrumental and/or vocal accompaniment
symphony orchestra
          » add the medium when it is not implied by the title
     ° the work consists of a set of compositions for different media, or is one of a series of sets of compositions with the same title but for different media
          » Barrière, Jean, ‡d 1707-1747. ‡t Sonatas, ‡n book 1 [for cello and continuo]
          » Barrière, Jean, ‡d 1707-1747. ‡t Sonatas, ‡n book 6 [for harpsichord]
     ° the medium was not indicated by the composer
     ° the medium of performance cannot be recorded succinctly and other elements are more useful for identifying the work (e.g., thematic index number or opus number)

Best practices for music cataloging, draft: Follow LC-PCC PS: Interpret "one or more of the following" to mean "all of the following that are applicable and readily ascertainable."

In some cases, thematic index numbers are to be preferred to opus numbers. Consult Thematic indexes used in the Library of Congress/NACO authority file.
     ° For a quick list, see Work numbers for composers.

LC-PCC PS: Use the name of a standard combination of instruments (6.15.1.5) for the solo group
     ° in a work for solo instruments and accompanying ensemble
       or
     ° when it comprises the entire accompanying ensemble in a work with the authorized title Song(s), Lieder, etc. (6.15.1.12)

The following chart is based on the examples in the LC-PCC PS
Best practices for music cataloging, draft: Follow LC-PCC PS
The medium of performance comprises or includes record the name(s) of
a standard chamber combination and no other voices or instruments:
     flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, bassoon
     and
     the preferred title is not Trio(s), Quartet(s), or Quintet(s)

     flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, bassoon
     and
     the preferred title is Trio(s), Quartet(s), or Quintet(s)
the standard combination
     wind quintet



each instrument, in the order given in 6.15.1.3:
     flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, bassoon
a standard chamber combination and other voices or instruments:
     flute, clarinet, horn, bassoon, violin, violoncello, piano



     4 violins, 2 viola, 2 cellos
each instrument, in the order given in 6.15.1.3:
     piano, flute, clarinet, horn, bassoon, violin, cello
     not
     woodwinds, horn, piano trio
each instrument, in the order given in 6.15.1.3, followed by the number of instruments, if applicable:
     violins, violas, cellos
     not
     string quartets (2)
a standard chamber combination as a solo group, with an accompanying ensemble:
     piano, violin, cello, and orchestra
the standard combination and the name of the accompanying ensemble (6.15.1.7-6.15.1.8)
     piano trio, orchestra
a standard chamber combination as a solo group as well as other instruments, with an accompanying ensemble:
     flute, clarinet, bassoon, string quartet, and string orchestra
each instrument, in the order given in 6.15.1.3, and the name of the accompanying ensemble (6.15.1.7-6.15.1.8)
     flute, clarinet, bassoon, violins (2), viola, cello, string orchestra
     not
     woodwinds, string quartet, string orchestra
a standard chamber combination as an accompanying ensemble:
     harp with accompaniment of flute, oboe, clarinet, and bassoon



     solo voice with accompaniment of flute, oboe, clarinet, and bassoon
     and
     the preferred title is not Song(s), Lieder, etc. (6.15.1.12)



     solo voice with accompaniment of flute, oboe, clarinet, and bassoon
     and
     the preferred title is Song(s), Lieder, etc. (6.15.1.12)
the solo instrument(s) and the name of the instrumental family followed by "ensemble"
     harp, woodwind ensemble
     not
     harp, woodwind quintet
the solo voice and the name of the instrumental family followed by "ensemble" and the word accompaniment
     soprano, woodwind ensemble accompaniment
     not
     soprano, woodwind quintet accompaniment

the solo voice and the name of the standard combination and the word accompaniment
     soprano, woodwind quintet accompaniment

Numeric designation:
LC-PCC PS: Serial number:
When recording a serial number that is accompanied in the source by a term such as "number," "book," "collection," etc., apply the following:
If the term is the English word "number" or its abbreviation, or an equivalent word or abbreviation in another language: precede the number in the preferred title by the English abbreviation "no."
If the term is a non-English term not meaning "number" and the preferred title is in English: substitute the English equivalent of the term and use an English abbreviation if the non-English term is abbreviated, or the full form of the term if the non-English form is fully spelled out.
In all other cases: give the term as it appears in the source.
If no term appears with the number: give the number as a cardinal number and precede it by the English abbreviation "no."
     ° Use Arabic numerals.
     ° Ordinal numerals:
          » English: use the form 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.
          » languages other than English, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean: use the form 1., 2., 3., etc.
(6.28.1.9.1) Additions for access points when medium of performance, etc. is insufficient, or not available
When the medium of performance, numeric designation, and key are not sufficient, or are not available, to distinguish between titles that are not distinctive, add one of the following elements (in this order of preference):
     ° the year of completion of composition (6.4)
     ° the year of original publication (6.4)
     ° any other identifying element, such as place of composition (6.5), or the name of the first publisher (6.6)

Examples:

Year of completion of composition:
n 2013023708 Gorton, David, ‡d 1978- ‡t Sonatas, ‡m cello ‡n (2005)
no 98040650 Heise, Peter, ‡d 1830-1879. ‡t Sonatas, ‡m cello, piano, ‡r A minor (1867)
no2013046123 Berwald, Franz, ‡d 1796-1868. ‡t Trios, ‡m piano, strings, ‡r C major ‡n (1845)
no2013046125 Berwald, Franz, ‡d 1796-1868. ‡t Trios, ‡m piano, strings, ‡r E♭ major ‡n (1849a)
no2013046124 Berwald, Franz, ‡d 1796-1868. ‡t Trios, ‡m piano, strings, ‡r C major ‡n (approximately 1850)

Name of the first publisher:
no2011039148 Devienne, François, ‡d 1759-1803. ‡t Trios, ‡m flute, violin, cello (Gaveaux)
no 00065690 Devienne, François, ‡d 1759-1803. ‡t Trios, ‡m flute, violin, cello (Imbault)

no 98040609 Gyrowetz, Adalbert, ‡d 1763-1850. ‡t Divertimenti, ‡m piano, flute, cello, ‡n op. 50 (André), ‡r A major
n 85337308 Boccherini, Luigi, ‡d 1743-1805. ‡t Sonatas, ‡m cello, continuo, ‡r A major (Zanibon)
n 84039977 Danzi, Franz, ‡d 1763-1826. ‡t Duets, ‡m viola, cello, ‡n op. 9 (Schott)

Manuscript repository and number:
n 2013017841 Graziani, Carlo, ‡d -1787. ‡t Sonatas, ‡m cello, continuo, ‡r D major (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz: M1942)

Number within Gordon Dodd's Thematic index of music for viols:
no2010145153 Ferrabosco, Alfonso, ‡d approximately 1575-1628. ‡t Almans, ‡m viols (5) (VdGS no. 1)
Examples of the application of 6.28.1.9
The term "cello" is used, not "violoncello" as per 6.15.1.6; number of cellos not indicated as per 6.15.1.6.1
     Duet, ‡m cellos, ‡r D major
     Quartets, ‡m cellos, ‡n op. 28

The number of cellos needed because it is not implied in the preferred title
     Sonatina, ‡m cellos (2), ‡n op. 17
     Suites, ‡m cellos (4), ‡n op. 44

The number is instruments/elements included in the medium of performance is no longer limited to three, as in AACR2 25.30B1
     Sextet, ‡m oboe, clarinet, bassoon, violin, viola, cello, ‡r E minor
     Fantasia, ‡m horns (4), trumpets (3), trombones (3), tuba, timpani
     Serenades, ‡m oboes (2), clarinets (2), bassoons (2), contrabassoon, horns (3), cello, double bass, ‡n op. 44, ‡r D minor

The number of violas needed because it is not implied in the preferred title
     Sextet, ‡m piano, violin, violas, cello, double bass, ‡n op. 110, ‡r D major

Standard chamber combinations:
The name of the accompaniment is given following 6.15.1.5 and LCC-PS for 6.28.1.9
     Songs, ‡m piano trio accompaniment
     Songs, ‡m string quartet accompaniment

Not a standard chamber combination
     Songs, ‡m flute, viola, cello accompaniment
     Songs, ‡m viols (4) accompaniment

Examples:
Octet, ‡m celesta, flute, clarinet, percussion, violin, viola, cello, double bass
Septet, ‡m clarinet, bassoon, horn, violin, viola, cello, double bass, ‡r B♭ major
Nonet, ‡m flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, bassoon, violin, viola, cello, double bass

Indicating number of instruments:
Octet, ‡m clarinet, bassoon, horn, violins, viola, cello, double bass
     ° the number of violins is not indicated as it is implied by the preferred title (octet)
Serenade, ‡m clarinet, bassoon, horn, violins (2), viola, cello, double bass
     ° the number of violins is indicated because it is not implied by the preferred title (serenade)
Sextet, ‡m trumpets (3), horn, trombones
Septet, ‡m trumpets (3), horn, trombones, tuba
     ° the number of trumpets is indicated in the above two mediums of performance; the number of trombones is then implied by the preferred titles (sextet and septet)
Allegros, ‡m violins (2), violas (2), cello, double bass, ‡r C major
Pieces, ‡m flute, harp, violins (2), viola, cello, ‡n op. 13
Serenades, ‡m oboes (2), clarinets (2), bassoons (2), contrabassoon, horns (3), cello, double bass, ‡n op. 44, ‡r D minor
Concertos, ‡m horns (4), trumpets (3), trombones (3), tuba, orchestra

Score order:
Nocturne, ‡m piano, flute, clarinet, violin, cello, percussion
     ° note that score order in the resource puts percussion following the strings
Octet, ‡m violin, viola, cello, flute, clarinet, bassoon, horns, ‡r E♭ major
     ° note that score order in the resource puts the strings before the winds
Octet, ‡m clarinet, bassoon, horn, violins, viola, cello, double bass
Octets, ‡m clarinet, horn, bassoon, violins, viola, cello, double bass
     ° note that score order is not set; in these two octets, the bassoon is above the horn in the score in the first, but follows the horn in the second

Unaccompanied vocal works:
Responses, ‡m mixed voices, unaccompanied
Vocalises, unaccompanied
(6.28.1.10) Distinctive titles
Make additions to access points if needed to distinguish the access point from one that is the same or similar but represents a different work or represents a person, family, corporate body, or place. Add one of the following elements, using the same type of addition for each of the access points for different musical works with identical titles, in this order:
     ° the medium of performance (6.15),
     ° another distinguishing characteristic of the work (6.6)

(6.28.1.11) Additions to resolve conflict:
If the additions above are insufficient to resolve a conflict, add one or more of the following:
     ° a numeric designation (6.16),
     ° a key (6.17)
     ° the year of completion of composition (6.4)
     ° the year of original publication (6.4)
       and/or
     ° any other identifying element, such as place of composition (6.5), or the name of the first publisher (6.6).
(6.28.1.11) Compilations of musical works
For a compilation containing works of one type, add the medium of performance to the access point, unless the medium is obvious or the works are for various media.


Comments to Mickey Koth Yale University Music Library
©Yale University Library Last revised March 14, 2014.