Music cataloging exercises and answers Music Cataloging at Yale

Answers to Music cataloging exercises: LCSH (Library of Congress subject headings)

exercises are here

exercise I: instrumental | vocal | exercise II: instrumental | vocal | exercise III (popular music subject headings)


Subject headings exercise I: answers: Subject headings for instrumental music

1. Flute and piano music.
This heading is correct.

2. Piano and organ music.
Should be in alphabetical order: Organ and piano music.

3. Suites (Flute and piano) v Score and part.
The subdivision should be Scores and parts.

4. Sonatas (Piano, bassoon, clarinet) v Scores.
"Sonatas" as a subject headings is for two instruments only.
correct heading: Trios (Piano, bassoon, clarinet) v Scores.

5. Trio sonatas (Violins (2), continuo) x Parts.
Subfield code for "Parts" is v

6. Trios (Piano, violin, violoncello)
This is a standard chamber combination
correct heading: Piano trios.

7. Sextets (Flute, oboe, clarinet, violin, viola, violoncello)
Woodwinds should be in alphabetical, not score, order
correct heading: Sextets (Clarinet, flute, oboe, violin, viola, violoncello)

8. Quintets (Horns (2), trombone, trumpets (2))
All are brass instruments, so "quintets" can be qualified
correct heading: Brass quintets (Horns (2), trombone, trumpets (2))

9. Quintets (Percussion, violin, viola)
This heading is correct; 3 percussionists is implied

10. String quartets (Violins (2), viola, violoncello)
This is a standard chamber combination
correct heading: String quartets.

11. String quartets (Violins (2), viola, double bass)
This heading is correct.

12. Flute, oboe, and violin music v Scores and parts.
There should be no connecting word "and"; use "Trios"
correct heading: Trios (Flute, oboe, violin)

13. Concertos (Bassoon with orchestra) v Scores.
"Orchestra" is implied accompaniment
correct heading: Concertos (Bassoon) v Scores.

14. Concertos (Flute and violin with string orchestra) v Solo with piano.
"Solo" should be plural.
correct heading: Concertos (Flute and violin with string orchestra) v Solos with piano.

15. Septets (Piano, bassoons (2), horn, trumpets (2)) v Scores and parts.
This is for six instruments.
correct heading: Sextets (Piano, bassoons (2), horn, trumpets (2)) v Scores and parts.

16. Nonets (Clarinet, bassoon, flute, oboe, horn, violin, viola, violoncello, double bass), Arranged v Scores.
The wind instruments are in the wrong order
correct heading: Nonets (Bassoon, clarinet, flute, horn, oboe, violin, viola, violoncello, double bass), Arranged v Scores.

17. Concertos (Flute and violin) v Scores.
This heading is correct.

18. Wind trios (Bassoon, clarinet, flute) v Scores and parts.
All are woodwind instruments.
correct heading: Woodwind trios (Bassoon, clarinet, flute) v Scores and parts.

19. Symphonies (String orchestra)
This heading is correct.

20. Overtures (Orchestra) v Scores.
"Orchestra" is implied medium of performance for overtures.
correct heading: Overtures v Scores.

21. String quartets v Excerpts, Arranged.
The subdivision "v Excerpts, Arranged" is used as a form subdivision under subject headings for forms and types of musical compositions, but not under medium of performance headings.

22. Marches (Band), Arranged v Parts.
This heading is correct.

23. Piano music, pianos (2) v Scores.
The format is incorrect.
correct heading: Piano music (Pianos (2)) v Scores.

24. Trios (Guitars (3)) v Scores.
All three are plucked instruments.
correct heading: Plucked instrument trios (Guitars (3)) v Scores.

25. Suites (Piano) v Scores.
The subdivision "v Scores" is not used for music for a single performer.
correct heading: Suites (Piano)

26. Clarinet music.
This heading is correct.

27. Flute and clarinet music v Parts.
Order of instruments is incorrect; final period needed.
correct heading: Clarinet and flute music v Parts.

28. Guitar music (Guitars (2)) v Scores.
This heading is correct.

Subject headings exercise I: answers: Subject headings for vocal music

1. Sacred vocal quartets with instrumental ensemble v Scores.
This heading is correct.

2. Songs, Sacred (Low voice) with organ.
"Songs, Sacred" should not be inverted.
correct heading: Sacred songs (Low voice) with organ.

3. Sacred choruses (Mixed voices (4)) with piano.
"Sacred choruses should be inverted.
correct heading: Choruses, Sacred (Mixed voices, 4 parts) with piano.

4. Vocal duets, Sacred, with piano.
"Sacred" should be first word.
correct heading: Sacred vocal duets with piano.

5. Songs (Medium voice), Unaccompanied v Scores.
"v Scores" is not used for unaccompanied songs.
correct heading: Songs (Medium voice), Unaccompanied.

6. Choruses, Secular (Women's voices, 4 parts), unaccompanied.
The "u" in "unaccompanied" should be capitalized; "parts" is needed.
correct heading: Choruses, Secular (Women's voices, 4 parts), Unaccompanied.

7. Vocal trios with flute and violin v Scores.
Accompaniment of two or more non-keyboard instruments is designated as "instrumental ensemble."
correct heading: Vocal trios with instrumental ensemble v Scores.

8. Choruses, Sacred (Mixed voices, 10 parts) with piano.
Number of parts is indicated only when there are 8 and fewer voices.
correct heading: Choruses, Sacred (Mixed voices) with piano.

9. Cantatas, Secular (Mixed voices) with orchestra v Scores.
"Mixed voices" is the implied medium of performance and is thus ommited. Accompaniment is not indicated in headings for cantatas.
correct heading: Cantatas, Secular v Scores.

10. Vocal quartets with percussion ensemble.
The word "percussion" may stand for any number of percussionists when used as a medium of performance in other headings, including when used as accompaniment.
correct heading: Vocal quartets with percussion.

11. Choruses, Sacred (Men's voices, 4 parts) with piano v Scores.
The subdivision "v Scores" is not added to headings for choruses for 8 or fewer parts with accompaniment of one keyboard instrument.
correct heading: Choruses, Sacred (Men's voices, 4 parts) with piano.

12. Songs (High voice), with harpsichord.
Extraneous comma should be removed.
correct heading: Songs (High voice) with harpsichord.

13. Choruses, Secular (Children's voices) with orchestra, Arranged v Scores.
"Arranged" is not used in subject headings for vocal music.
correct heading: Choruses, Secular (Children's voices) with orchestra v Scores.

14. Songs, Secular (Medium voice) with piano.
"Secular" is implied for songs.
correct heading: Songs (Medium voice) with piano.

15. Cantatas, Sacred (Women's voices, 4 parts)
Number of parts should not be indicated.
correct heading: Cantatas, Sacred (Women's voices)

16. Songs (Soprano) with piano.
Vocal range, not type, should be used.
correct heading: Songs (High voice) with piano.

17. Nocturnes (Medium voice) with piano.
"Nocturnes" is not a valid subject heading.
correct heading: Songs (Medium voice) with piano.

18. Songs (Low voice) with 2 pianos.
Quantifying number should come after the name of the instrument.
correct heading: Songs (Low voice) with pianos (2)

19. Sacred songs (Low voice) with orchestra v Scores.
This heading is correct.

20. Vocal quartets (Medium voices), Unaccompanied.
Vocal range is not designated in subject headings for vocal ensembles.
correct heading: Vocal quartets, Unaccompanied.



Subject headings exercise II: answers: Subject headings for instrumental music

1. suite, snare drum
Suites (Snare drum)

2. rondo, 2 pianos, 2 performers on each
Rondos (Pianos (2), 8 hands)

3. sonata requiring 1 performer on 4 kettle drums
Sonatas (Timpani)

4. violin, viola, cello, string orchestra
String trio with string orchestra

5. clarinet, horn, and bassoon
Wind trios (Bassoon, clarinet, horn)

6. fandango, clarinet choir
Clarinet choir music.
Fandangos.

7. fugue, cembalo
Canons, fugues, etc. (Harpsichord)

8. prelude, two prepared pianos
Prepared piano music (Prepared pianos (2))

9. violin, cello, piano
Piano trios.

10. sonata, flute, oboe, clarinet
Woodwind trios (Clarinet, flute, oboe)

11. nocturne, flute, bassoon, percussion (2 performers), violin, viola, string bass
Septets (Bassoon, flute, percussion, violin, viola, double bass)

12. concerto, violin, chamber orchestra
Concertos (Violin with chamber orchestra)

13. bassoon, trumpet, trombone
Wind trios (Bassoon, trombone, trumpet)

14. variations, 2 violins, viola, cello
Variations (String quartet)

15. flute/piccolo, clarinet, violin, cello, piano
Quintets (Piano, clarinet, flute, violin, violoncello)

16. fantasia, prepared piano, ten players
Prepared piano music (20 hands)

17. sonata, 2 violins, continuo
Trio sonatas (Violins (2), continuo)

18. cassation, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, trumpet, marimba, violin, viola, cello, piano
Suites (Instrumental ensemble)

Subject headings exercise II: answers: Subject headings for vocal music

1. soprano, bass clarinet
Songs (High voice) with bass clarinet.

2. magnificat, soprano and alto soloists, SSAA, string orchestra
Choruses, Sacred (Women's voices) with string orchestra
Magnificat (Music)

3. cantata, mezzo-soprano, choir (SATB), orchestra, on a text by e.e. cummings
Solo cantatas, Secular (Medium voice)
Choruses, Secular (Mixed voices) with orchestra.

4. narrator, solo percussion
Monologues with music (Percussion)

5. sacred songs, choir (SSMzAATB), organ
Choruses, Sacred (Mixed voices, 7 parts) with organ.

6. tenor, violin, cello, piano
Songs (High voice) with instrumental ensemble.

7. Contemporary Danish songs, tenor and chamber group
Songs (High voice) with instrumental ensemble z Denmark y 20th century.
Songs (High voice) with instrumental ensemble z Denmark y 21st century.
Song, Danish.

8. cantata on a poem by Whitman, mixed voices, orchestra
Cantatas, Secular.

9. reciter, string quartet, piano
Monologues with music (Piano quintet)

10. soprano and computer generated electronics
Songs (High voice) with electronics.
Songs (High voice) with computer.

11. solo voices (SMzATB) and organ on a biblical text
Sacred vocal quintets with organ.

12. choir (SSSAAATTTBBB), string orchestra, on a text from the Old Testament; string orchestra accompaniment arranged for organ
Choruses, Sacred (Mixed voices) with string orchestra v Vocal scores with organ.


Subject headings exercise III: popular music subject headings

Read:
Chronological and geographic subdivisions for subject headings for jazz and popular music
Subject headings for vocal music: Qualifying by language of text || Arranged
Qualifying subject headings for vocal music (exceptions) and instrumental music (exceptions) by medium of performance

Search Orbis for subject heading authority records to assist in this exercise.

1. Popular music y 20th century
"y 20th century" is not a valid chronological subdivision.
Correct heading: Popular music. (y [decade qualifier], if appropriate)

2. Bluegrass music y 1931-1940
The chronological subdivision is incorrect; for this heading use: --To 1951; 1951-1960 ... 1981-1990; 1991-2000; 2001-2010

3. Popular songs
The heading is incorrect
correct heading: Popular music

4. Folk songs, American z Kentucky.
"American" is not the name of a language (at least to most people); use "English"
correct heading: Folk songs, English z Kentucky

5. Popular music, Instrumental
This heading is in the wrong form
correct heading: Popular instrumental music

6. Swing music
This heading is in the wrong form
correct heading: Swing (Music)

7. Folk songs (High voice) with guitar
The heading "Folk songs" does not include medium of performance
correct heading: Folk songs

8. Rock music z Israel y 1971-1980.
This heading is correct

9. Blues (Music) y 1951-60
The chronological subdivision is incorrect
correct heading: Blues (Music) y 1951-1960

10. Popular music y 1921-1930 z Texas
The order of the subdivisions is incorrect
Popular music z Texas y 1921-1930.

11. Big band music z United States
The heading is not subdivided chronologically by "United States" because it is a style that originated in the United States
correct heading: Big band music.

12. Jazz vocals, English y 1971-1980.
This heading is not qualified by language or subdivided chronologically
correct heading: Jazz vocals

13. Disco music z United States z California
When subdividing geographically by the name of an individual states, subdivide directly
correct heading: Disco music z California

14. Folk songs, Hebrew z Israel
This subject heading is correct

15. Calypso (Music) y 1981-1990
This heading is not subdivided chronologically
correct heading: Calypso (Music)

16. Folk songs, Arranged.
The qualifier "Arranged" is not used with vocal music subject headings.
Correct heading: Folk songs

17. Jazz z To 1921
This heading is correct

18. Rock music y 1961-1980
Chronological subdivisions are in ten-year increments; two headings are required:
Rock music y 1961-1970
Rock music y 1971-1980

19. Rags (Piano)
"Rags" is not a valid subject heading
correct heading: Piano music (Ragtime)

20. Blues (music)
The first letter of the qualifier should be capitalized
correct heading: Blues (Music)

21. Klezmer music
This heading is correct.


Comments to Mickey Koth Yale University Music Library
©Yale University Library Last revised April 19, 2011.