Music Cataloging at Yale Language tools

Distinguishing between Catalan and Spanish

A guide for use in cataloging music

This information was compiled from: Piska, Karel. Catalan language; Watkins, Thayer. Catalan.
Allen, C.G. A manual of European languages for librarians. London ; New York : Bowker [for] the London School of Economics, 1975.

Numbers in Catalan and Spanish

Definite and indefinite articles in Catalan and Spanish

Cardinal

Ordinal

definite articles indefinite articles
  Catalan Spanish   Catalan Spanish Catalan M F N M F
1 un, una uno,una 1st primer primer(o) singular el, l' la, l' --- un una
2 dos, dues dos 2nd segon segundo plural els les --- uns unes
3 tres tres 3rd Terç(er) tercer(o) Spanish M F N M F
4 quatre cuatro 4th quart cuarto singular el la, el lo un in(a)
5 cinc cinco 5th cinquè quinto plural los las --- unos unas
6 sis seis 6th sisè sexto

Numbers in Catalan and Spanish continued

7 set siete 7th setè séptimo

Cardinal

Ordinal

8 vuit ocho 8th vuitè octavo   Catalan Spanish   Catalan Spanish
9 nou nueve 9th noveè noveno 30 trenta treinta 30th trentè trigesimo
10 deu diez 10th desè décimo 31 trenta-un treinta y un(o) 31st --- ---
11 onze once 11th onzè undécimoo 40 quaranta cuarenta 40th --- cuadragesimo
12 dotze doce 12th --- duodécimo 50 cinquanta cincuenta 50th --- quincuagesimo
13 tretze trece 13th --- decimotercio 60 seixanta sesenta 60th --- sexagesimo
14 catorze catorce 14th --- decimocuarto 70 setanta setenta 70th --- septuagesimo
15 quinze quince 15th --- decimoquinto 80 vuitanta ochenta 80th --- octogèsimo
16 setze dieciséis 16th --- decimosexto 90 noranta noventa 90th --- nonagesimo
17 disset diecisiete 17th --- decimoseptimo 100 cent siete 100th --- cntésimo
18 divuit dieciocho 18th --- decimoctavo 101 cent un siete 101st --- ---
19 dinou diecinueve 19th --- decimonono 200 dos-cents,
dues-centes
siete 200th --- ducentesimo
20 vint veinte 20th --- vigesimo
21 vint-i-un veintiun(o) 21st vint-i-unè vigesimo primo 1,000 mil siete 1,000th --- milésimo

Dipthongs
Catalan has a lack of rising diphthongs (such as ie and ue)
Catalan Spanish English
be, bo bien, bueno well, good
Catalan has an abundance of falling diphthongs  
Catalan Spanish English
peu, bou pie, buey foot, ox

English, Catalan, Spanish, and Portuguese spellings of the same sound
English Catalan Spanish Portuguese
ny ny ñ nh
y_ ll ll lh
_own _an _an _ão
_n _n _n _m


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©Yale University Library Last revised August 17, 2007.