Music Cataloging at Yale Music Subject Cataloging

Subject Headings for Vocal Music

Choruses vs. Cantatas
Indication of secular/sacred
Indication of type of voice
Number of parts
Accompaniment
Arrangements
Format subdivisions
Vocal Ensembles (solo voices)
Indication of secular/sacred
Indication of type of voice
Accompaniment
Arrangements
Format subdivisions
Songs vs. Solo Cantatas
Indication of secular/sacred
Indication of type of voice
Accompaniment
Arrangements
Format subdivisions

 

CHORUSES
(See also
Chorus subject headings)

CANTATAS

Indication of secular/sacred:
  • Implicit for neither
  • Inverted for both


Choruses, Secular
Choruses, Sacred


Cantatas, Secular
Cantatas, Sacred
Indication of type of voice:
  • Indicate type of voice followed by "voices" (except for unison) for single works or collections for one type of voice.
  • Don't indicate voice type for collections of works for more than one type of voice.
Single works:
Choruses, Secular (Women's voices)
Choruses, Sacred (Equal voices)
Choruses, Secular (Unison)
Single works:
Cantatas, Secular (Women's voices)
Cantatas, Sacred (Equal voices)
Cantatas, Secular (Unison)
Cantatas, Secular ["Mixed voices" is implicit for single works for mixed voices.]
Collections:
Choruses, Sacred (Men's voices) [all for men's voices]
Choruses, Secular [for various types of voices]
Collections:
Cantatas, Sacred (Men's voices) [all for men's voices]
Cantatas, Secular [for various types of voices]
Indicate number of parts? Yes, when applicable; see Chorus subject headings
Choruses, Secular (Mixed voices, 4 parts)
---------------------------
Note: It is Yale's practice to not add the number of voices to any chorus subject heading.
No
Cantatas, Secular (Men's voices)
Indicate accompaniment or
lack of accompaniment?
Yes, when applicable; see Chorus subject headings
Choruses, Secular (Men's voices) with orchestra
Choruses, Sacred (Children's voices) with instrumental ensemble
Choruses, Secular (Mixed voices), Unaccompanied
No
Cantatas, Secular (Men's voices)
Choruses, Sacred (Children's voices)

Cantatas, Secular

Add "Arranged" for works arranged for chorus? No. "Arranged" is added only to subject headings for instrumental music. No. "Arranged" is added only to subject headings for instrumental music.
Add ‡v for format subdivision? Yes, when applicable; see Chorus subject headings
Choruses, Secular (Mixed voices) with band ‡v Scores.
Yes
Cantatas, Secular (Women's  voices) ‡v Scores.
 

VOCAL ENSEMBLES
of 9 or fewer solo voices

VOCAL ENSEMBLES
of 10 or more voices

Indication of secular/sacred:
  • Implicit for secular
  • Direct order for sacred


Vocal quartets
Sacred vocal duets


Vocal ensembles
Sacred vocal ensembles
Indication of type of voice:
Type of voice is not indicated Type of voice is not indicated
Indicate accompaniment or
lack of accompaniment?
Yes.
Vocal septets with instrumental ensemble
Sacred vocal trios with continuo
Vocal quintets, Unaccompanied
Yes.
Vocal ensembles with electronics
Vocal ensembles with flute
Sacred vocal ensembles, Unaccompanied
Add "Arranged" for works arranged for vocal ensemble? No. "Arranged" is added only to subject headings for instrumental music. No. "Arranged" is added only to subject headings for instrumental music.
Add ‡v for format subdivision? No when:
  • Unaccompanied
    or
  • Accompanied by
    • one instrument, or
    • two of the same keyboard instrument, or
    • continuo
No when:
  • Unaccompanied
    or
  • Accompanied by
    • one instrument, or
    • two keyboard instruments, or
    • continuo
Yes when accompanied by:
  • two or more instruments (other than two keyboard instruments or continuo)
Yes when accompanied by:
  • two or more instruments (other than two keyboard instruments or continuo)
 

SONGS

SOLO CANTATAS

Indication of secular/sacred:
  • Implicit for secular songs, not for secular solo cantatas
  • "Sacred" indicated in direct order for songs, in inverted order for solo cantatas
Secular is implied for songs; do not invert for sacred songs.

Songs

Sacred songs

Neither is implied for solo cantatas; invert to designate secular or sacred

Solo cantatas, Secular

Solo cantatas, Sacred

Indication of type of voice:?
  • Use high, medium, or low;
    not the name of voice type

Songs (High voice)

Sacred songs (Medium voice)


Solo cantatas, Secular (High voice)

Solo cantatas, Sacred (Medium voice)

Indicate accompaniment or lack of accompaniment? Yes

Songs (Low voice) with piano

Sacred songs (High voice), Unaccompanied.

No

Solo cantatas, Secular (Low voice)

Solo cantatas, Sacred (High voice)

Add "Arranged" for works arranged for solo voice? No. "Arranged" is added only to subject headings for instrumental music. No. "Arranged" is added only to subject headings for instrumental music.
Add ‡v for format subdivision? No when:
  • Unaccompanied
    or
  • Accompanied by
    • one instrument, or
    • two keyboard instruments, or
    • continuo
No when:
  • Unaccompanied
    or
  • Accompanied by
    • one instrument, or
    • two keyboard instruments, or
    • continuo
Yes when accompanied by:
  • two or more instruments (other than two keyboard instruments or continuo)
Yes when accompanied by:
  • two or more instruments (other than two keyboard instruments or continuo)


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©Yale University Library Last revised 12/12/12.