Music Cataloging at
Corporate names (AACR2 chapter 24)
See also Personal names
(AACR2 chapter 22)
Do not include in the heading:
Remove initial articles in German names, but
don't ignore the declension.
"Das Kleine [ ]" would be
established as "Kleines
terms or abbreviations indicating incorporation
(e.g., Inc., Ltd.)
Appendix A2.A1 has been revised to accommodate
corporate names with unusual capitalization. Follow the capitalization practice
for names spelled without an initial capital letter or with a capital letter
or letters following a lower case letter or letters. Capitalize other words
as instructed in the rules for the language involved.
For names in foreign languages, follow the
capitalization rules in AACR2 Appendix A see
Capitalization of foreign terms: names
of corporate bodies
Musical groups whose names appear in foreign
If the name appears in different languages,
use the form in the official language of the body.
If there is more than one official language
and one of them is English, use the English form.
If English is not one of the official languages,
or if the official language is not known, use the form in the language used
predominantly by the body.
24.4B1: If the name
alone does not convey the idea of a corporate body, add a general designation
A&M Records (Firm)
Friedrich Hofmeister (Firm)
LCRI 24.4B: When establishing the heading for a performing group, apply the
If the name contains a word that specifically
designates a performing group or a corporate body in general (e.g., band,
consort, society, collective) or contains a collective or plural noun (e.g.,
Ramblers, Boys, Hot Seven), do not add a designation to the name.
If the name is extremely vague, consisting primarily
of single, common words (e.g., Circle, Who, Jets) or the name has the appearance
of a personal name (e.g., Jethro Tull), add a designation to the name.
If the name falls between the above categories
(e.g., Led Zeppelin, Jefferson Airplane, Road Apple, L.A. Contempo), add
a designation to the name.
If there is doubt whether a designation should
be added, add it.
Use the designation
"(Musical group)" unless special circumstances (such as a conflict) require
a more specific term.
Keep in mind that the qualifier "(Musical group)"
is not meant to be used to convey musicalness, only corporateness. LCRI 24.4B
does not require that the name of a group or ensemble be identifiable as
a performing group, only that it conveys the concept of a corporate body.
LCRI 24.4B: When establishing the name of a
performing duet with a name consisting of two or more surnames (without forenames
or without forename initials)
Generally, a qualifier is not added.
Apply this when the name contains two surnames
(with or without forenames or forename initials) as well as when the name
contains two forenames.
Examples of corporate
names: qualified to resolve conflicts
Qualified by place:
Five Stars (Musical group : N.Z.)
Five Stars (Musical group : U.S.)
Musica Viva (Ensemble : Baltimore, Md.)
Musica Viva (Ensemble : Los Angeles, Calif.)
Musica Viva (Ensemble : Russia (Federation))
Qualified by type of music:
Southwind (Gospel musical group)
Southwind (Celtic musical group)
Qualified by date the group began:
Double Image (Musical group : 1977- )
Double Image (Musical group : 1989- )
Qualified by leader of the group:
House Rockers (Musical group)
House Rockers (Musical group : Jimmy Cavallo)
Qualified by more than one method:
Jets (Musical group)
Jets (Musical group : Bobby Webb)
Jets (Musical quartet)
Jets (Reggae group)
Jets (Rhythm and blues group)
Jets (Rock and roll group)
Jets (Rock group)
to corporate names by Deta Davis, Library of Congress, 3/10/99
Qualifiers that establish the nature of the
24.4 concerns qualifiers for corporate names
not conveying the idea of a corporate body. Qualifiers for musical groups
should only be added when the name of the group does not convey the idea
of a corporate body or when there is an actual conflict. Frequently qualifiers
for musical groups have been applied when the name of the group does not
convey the idea of musicality. This is not authorized by the rules and
interpretations. For instance, RI24.4B explicitly states that a general
designation should not be added as a qualifier if the name of a performing
duet contains two surnames or if the name contains two forenames.
LCRI 24.4B (p. 3) instructs that if the name of the group contains a word
which specifically designates a performing group or a corporate body in general,
such as Band, Consort, Society, etc., or which contains a collective or plural
noun such as Ramblers, Boys, Brothers, Hot Seven, etc., or, in the case of
performing duos, contains two forenames or surnames, a qualifier should not
be added. Extremely vague names, which consist mostly of single common words
(e.g., Circle, Who, Jets, etc.) and names which have the appearance of a
personal name (e.g. Jethro Tull) should have a designation added. For the
names of corporate bodies which fall between the above two categories, such
as Led Zeppelin, Jefferson Airplane, Road Apple, L.A. Contempo, etc., add
the designation because the idea of corporateness is not definite from the
Since the purpose of this qualifier is merely to establish that this is the
name of a corporate body, the general term "(Musical group)" is most appropriate.
Caveat: in conflict situations, a more definite qualifier is
Qualifiers to resolve conflicts between identical
If a more specific term is used to resolve a
conflict, it should be kept as general as possible. For example, if the name
of a male vocal quartet conflicts with an instrumental group already qualified
with "(Musical group)," an appropriate qualifier would be "(Vocal group),"
not "(Male vocal quartet)." Using the most general terms possible insures
the viability of the qualifier despite the not infrequently changing personnel
or focus of a group: what was at one time a quartet may lose a member and
issue recordings as a trio before reconstituting as a quartet or even expanding
to a quintet. Also note that the additional qualifiers stipulated in rule
24.4C and its RI are available for conflicts in which the types of qualifiers
already discussed are inadequate, e.g., Musica Nova (Musical group :
Comments to Mickey Koth Yale
University Music Library
University Library Last revised April 14, 2011.