Music Cataloging at Yale MARC Tagging

MARC Codes for instruments and voices (048 Field))

Use of the 048 field is optional. It is not used for the following types of works:
   · works such as operas or other large vocal works with unspecified instrumentation
   · collections for miscellaneous instrumentation
   · folk songs and folk music
   · hymns and liturgical chants

Both indicators are always blank.

The codes for the instruments/voices/ensemble are are listed below.
Subfields:
a: 1. solo instrument with no accompaniment
2. individual instruments/voices of a chamber group
3. ensembles
b: solo instrument that is accompanied; the accompanying instrument or ensemble is tagged in a

Examples:
oa
oa02
wa01 a ka01
b wb01 a oc
b wb01 a ka01
ka01
ka02
ka01 a ka01
zn01
pa01
pa04
ca04
ca04 a ca04
ca08
b va01 a cb04
for orchestra, oa01 is incorrect
for two orchestras
for flute and piano
for oboe accompanied by string orchestra
for oboe and string orchestra; accompaniment arranged for piano
for solo piano- not b ka01, because there is no accompaniment
for piano, four hands
for two pianos
for accordion
for one timpani player, regardless of number of timpani
for four timpani players
for 4-part mixed chorus
for two 4-part mixed choruses
for 8-part mixed chorus
for soprano solo and 4-part Women's chorus

NOTE: When a solo voice or voices is accompanied by piano, piano 4 hands, or 2 pianos, b is not used, even if the piano accompaniment is reduced from a larger ensemble. However, if a solo voice is accompanied by an ensemble, b is used:
a vh01 a ka01
b vh01 a oa
for high voice and piano
for high voice and orchestra
SOURCE: Jay Weitz, MOUG Newsletter, no. 42.


List of codes

From the chart below, each instrument or voice is given a two-letter code and a two-digit number. The alphabetic code refers to the type of instrument, voice, or ensemble; the numeric code indicates how many there are. For keyboard instruments, code for the number of players per instrument. Percussion instruments are coded according to how many players are required. Large ensembles such as orchestra (oa) are not given a number to indicate how many unless there is more than one. With choruses, the number indicates number of vocal parts.

Woodwinds
Brasses
Strings
Plucked
Keyboard
wa flute
wb oboe
wc clarinet
wd bassoon
we piccolo
wf English horn
wg bass clarinet
wh recorder
wi saxophone
wn unspecified
wu unknown
wy ethnic
wz other
ba horn
bb trumpet
bc cornet
bd trombone
be tuba
bf euphonium
bn unspecified
bu unknown
by ethnic
bz other brass
sa violin
sb viola
sc violoncello
sd double bass
se viol
sf viola d'amore
sg viola da gamba
sn unspecified
su unknown
sy ethnic
sz other
ta harp
tb guitar
tc lute
td mandolin
tn unspecified
tu unknown
ty ethnic
tz other
ka piano
kb organ
kc harpsichord
kd clavichord
ke continuo
kf celesta
kn unspecified
ku unknown
ky ethnic
kz other
Percussion
Electronic
Voices
Ensembles
Vocal
Instrumental
pa timpani
pb xylophone
pc marimba
pd drum
pn unspecified
pu unknown
py ethnic
pz other
ea synthesizer
eb tape
ec computer
ed ondes martinot
en unspecified
eu unknown
ez other
va soprano
vb mezzo soprano
vc alto
vd tenor
ve baritone
vf bass
vg counter tenor
vh high voice
vi medium voice
vj low voice
vn unspecified
vu unknown
vy ethnic
ca mixed voices
cb women's voices
cc men's voices
cd children's voices
cn unspecified chorus
cu unknown chorus
cy ethnic chorus
oa orchestra
ob chamber orchestra
oc string orchestra
od band
oe dance orchestra
of brass band
on unspecified ensemble
ou unknown ensemble
oy ethnic ensemble
oz other ensemble


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Last revised July 9, 2012.