RDA and sound recordings—a cataloging workshop by Kathy Glennan
A brief introduction to RDA for scores & sound recordings by Nancy Lorimer
Changes from AACR2 to RDA: a comparison of examples by Adam L. Schiff, Principal Cataloger, University of Washington Libraries
Significant changes for cataloging music: AACR2 vs. RDA by Daniel Paradis, Concordia University
Some RDA terminology differs from that of AACR2:
sound disc, etc.
general material designator
authorized access point
preferred title; conventional collective title
audio disc, etc.
creator (includes composers, librettists, lyricists)
content, media, and carrier type
Abbreviations are used only when they appear on the resource. The exceptions are no. and op. (which will be used the same way as they are in AACR2: in the title area, abbreviate only when abbreviated on the item; abbreviate in access points), thematic index numbers, voice range (SATB, etc.), and units of measurements.
Use "in." for inches; however, "cm" is no longer considered to be an abbreviation
Use "stereo" and "mono" (also no longer considered to be abbreviations), but spell out other terms ("quadrophonic," etc.)
[place of publication not identified]
[publisher not identified]
[date of publication not identified]
Examples of some of changes to abbreviations used in the physical description (extent of item)
ca. 200 p.
48 [i.e. 96] p.
 p. of plates
approximately 200 pages
48, that is, 96 pages
16 unnumbered pages of plates
AACR2: the system of measurement used to record dimensions varies depending on the type of resource.
RDA: metric units are used. (LCPS 22.214.171.124 allows for using inches for discs (RDA 126.96.36.199.4))
AACR2: they are considered abbreviations and are followed by a full stop (e.g., cm.)
RDA: they are treated as symbols and are not followed by a full stop (e.g., cm).
Examples of changes to abbreviations used in name headings
1836 or 7
1836 or 1837
RDA differentiates between recording and transcribing elements.
° Recorded elements: the found information is often adjusted
° Transcribed elements: the data is accepted as found on the resource
° The transcribed elements are:
New to RDA:
Capitalization: RDA Appendix A: LC policy is to follow the capitalization on the resource
Diacritics: Transcribe when they appear; not necessary to add them when they are omitted from the resource.
Abbreviation: RDA Appendix B: Transcribe as found on the RDA preferred source; otherwise do not use abbreviations
Parallel titles may be taken from anywhere on the resource, and are not enclosed in brackets
° However, other title information must be taken from the same source as the title proper
Statement of responsibility may be taken from anywhere on the resource
° Transcribe title, terms of address, etc.
° Transcribe all persons named, even when there are four or more
° Abbreviations are used only when they appear on the resource
° Use the form of numbering (e.g., Arabic, roman, etc.) that appear on the resource
*Use the label:|
° even when there is a collective title elsewhere on the resource
° only if the information found there represents the resource as a whole
For multi-disc sets, use the labels collectively
AACR2: Inaccuracies are transcribed followed either by [sic] or by "i.e." and the correction in square brackets. Missing letter(s) are supplied in square brackets.
RDA: Inaccuracies are transcribed as they appear on the source of information. If necessary, a note may be made correcting the inaccuracy, and the title as corrected may be recorded as a variant title if it is considered important for access.
245 10 a Morton Feldmans Untiteled [sic] composition für Cello und Klavier
246 3 a Morton Feldmans Untitled composition für Cello und Klavier
RDA 1.7.9, 188.8.131.52
245 10 a Morton Feldmans Untiteled composition für Cello und Klavier
246 3 i Title should read: a Morton Feldmans Untitled composition für Cello und Klavier
245 00 a Horn sonat[a]s
246 3 a Horn sonats
RDA 1.7.9, 184.108.40.206
245 00 a Horn sonats
246 3 i Title should read: a Horn sonatas
AACR2: ... (ellipses) and [ ] square brackets are replace by – and ( ).
RDA: The punctuation is transcribed as it appears on the source.
Title appears on the resource as
...Huésped de las nieblas...
...Guest from the mists...
for flute and piano
245 10 a --Huésped de las nieblas-- = b --Guest from the mists-- : for flute and piano
245 10 a ...Huésped de las nieblas... = b ...Guest from the mists... : for flute and piano
Edition statement: (250 field) will now encompass elements relating to the format of music that were scattered over various areas in AACR2:
° Musical presentation statement (e.g., Score and parts), currently tagged in 254 field
° Statements of responsibility relating to the format of music (e.g., vocal score by [name]), currently tagged in 245/c
° Voice range statements (e.g., High voice)
Publication statement: A new, repeatable MARC field (264) is used for production, publication, distribution, printing, and copyright date
Abbreviations are not used unless they appear on the resource.
Publication dates and copyright (©)/phonogram () dates are different elements in RDA and the copyright date may not be used for the date of publication.|
If the date of publication is unknown, use [Date of publication not identified] or an estimated date in brackets, with a question mark, if necessary.
Copyright/phonogram date is not required if a publication date is known. However, for music materials, it is strongly suggested that copyright/phonogram dates are included, even when they are the same as the publication date.
° Record the latest copyright date; for recordings, prefer dates over © dates.
Extent (RDA 3.4) and Physical description (AACR2):
The number and type of units (a physical or logical constituent of a resource; e.g., a volume, audiocassette, film reel, a map, a digital file) and/or subunit (a physical or logical subdivision of a unit; e.g., a page of a volume, a frame of a microfiche, a record in a digital file)
Give the extent if the resource is complete or if the total extent is known
Use the appropriate term, which may be a term from the carrier type list (220.127.116.11) or a general term (18.104.22.168)
Some terms are no longer used.
||RDA (see 7.20.13 or metadata registry for a full list of terms)
|v. of music, p. of music, leaves of music||score|
|close score||condensed score (now used for both vocal and instrumental scores)|
|miniature score||study score|
16 p. of music
1 miniature score
1 close score
1 sound disc
1 sound cassette
1 score (16 pages)
1 study score
1 condensed score
1 audio disc
Physical description of sound recordings:
Most terms for types of carriers used in the extent are modified. The word "sound" is discontinued to avoid confusion with content.
|sound cartridge||audio cartridge|
|sound disc||audio disc|
|piano, [etc.] roll||audio roll|
|sound tape reel||audio tape|
|sound track film reel, [cassette, etc.]||sound-track reel|
Additionally, some details are given even if they are standard for the type of resource:
° type of recording: analog, digital (22.214.171.124)
° recording medium (126.96.36.199)
° playing speed (188.8.131.52)
° groove characteristic (184.108.40.206) (e.g., microgroove)
° track configuration (220.127.116.11)
° tape configure (number of tracks on an audiotape) (18.104.22.168) (e.g., 12 track)
° playback (22.214.171.124) (e.g., mono, stereo)
° special playback characteristics (126.96.36.199) (e.g., Dolby, CD audio, DVD audio, MP3, SACD)
° tape configuration (number of tracks on an audiotape)
° dimensions of cartridges and cassettes, including the width of the tape
° metric units are used for dimensions, but RDA allows for the use of another system of measure
(e.g., inches: 4 3/4 in.)
General material designation:
Three new fields (336, 337, 338) collectively replace the General material designation (245 h)
See Content, Media, and Carrier (RDA 6.9, 3.2, 3.3 & MARC 336-338)
Notation: indicating type of notation, even with it is staff notation, is required in RDA (7.13; see also metadata registry) and is given in the 546 field: graphic notation, letter notation, mensural notation, neumatic notation, number notation, solmization, staff notation, tablature, tonic sol-fa.
Identifying works and expressions
("work(s)" in RDA refers to both individual works and compilations)
1. record attributes (6.2-6.26)
2. determine which attributes to use in the authorized access point (6.27-6.31)
Authorized access points comprise
° preferred name of the creator (if applicable)
° preferred title of work
° additional elements to differentiate among other works/expressions
Differences from AACR2:
° no equivalent to AACR2's "works of mixed responsibility"
° no more rule of three
° medium of performance in access point can contain more than three elements
° use "cello" not "violoncello"
° spell out "acc." "arr." and "unacc."
° fewer restrictions on recording key
° librettos and operas are considered separate works
Source: RDA and Sound Recordings—A Cataloging Workshop: Cataloging with RDA—Sound Recordings