RDA and sound recordings—a cataloging workshop by Kathy Glennan
A brief introduction to RDA for scores & sound recordings by Nancy Lorimer
Changes from AACR2 to RDA: a comparison of examples by Adam L. Schiff, Principal Cataloger, University of Washington Libraries
Significant changes for cataloging music: AACR2 vs. RDA by Daniel Paradis, Concordia University
Some RDA terminology differs from that of AACR2:
sound disc, etc.
general material designator
authorized access point (AAP)
preferred title; conventional collective title
audio disc, etc.
creator (includes composers, librettists, lyricists)
content, media, and carrier type
From Kathy Glennan, MLA-L, 1/17/2014
Use "in." for inches; however, "cm" is no longer considered to be an abbreviation
Use "stereo" and "mono" (also no longer considered to be abbreviations), but spell out other terms ("quadrophonic," etc.)
[place of publication not identified]
[publisher not identified]
[date of publication not identified]
Examples of some of changes to abbreviations used in the physical description (extent of item)
ca. 200 p.
48 [i.e. 96] p.
 p. of plates
approximately 200 pages
48, that is, 96 pages
16 unnumbered pages of plates
AACR2: the system of measurement used to record dimensions varies depending on the type of resource.
RDA: metric units are used. (LCPS 18.104.22.168 allows for using inches for discs (RDA 22.214.171.124.4))
AACR2: they are considered abbreviations and are followed by a full stop (e.g., cm.)
RDA: they are treated as symbols and are not followed by a full stop (e.g., cm).
Examples of changes to abbreviations used in dates in authorized access points representing persons (formerly known as name headings)
1836 or 7
1836 or 1837
active 16th century-17th century
RDA differentiates between recording and transcribing elements.
° Recorded elements: the found information is often adjusted
° Transcribed elements: the data is accepted as found on the resource
° The transcribed elements are:
New to RDA:
Capitalization: RDA Appendix A: LC policy is to follow the capitalization on the resource or follow the instructions in Appendix A.
Diacritics: Transcribe when they appear; not necessary to add them when they are omitted from the resource.
Abbreviations: RDA Appendix B: Transcribe as found on the RDA preferred source; otherwise do not use abbreviations
Parallel titles may be taken from anywhere on the resource, and are not enclosed in brackets
° However, other title information must be taken from the same source as the title proper
Statement of responsibility may be taken from anywhere on the resource
° Transcribe title, terms of address, etc.
° Transcribe all persons named, even when there are four or more
° Abbreviations are used only when they appear on the resource
° Use the form of numbering (e.g., Arabic, roman, etc.) that appear on the resource
*Use the label:|
° even when there is a collective title elsewhere on the resource
° only if the information found there represents the resource as a whole
For multi-disc sets, use the labels collectively
AACR2: Inaccuracies are transcribed followed either by [sic] or by "i.e." and the correction in square brackets. Missing letter(s) are supplied in square brackets.
RDA: Inaccuracies are transcribed as they appear on the source of information. If necessary, a note may be made correcting the inaccuracy, and the title as corrected may be recorded as a variant title if it is considered important for access.
245 10 a Morton Feldmans Untiteled [sic] composition für Cello und Klavier
246 3 a Morton Feldmans Untitled composition für Cello und Klavier
RDA 1.7.9, 126.96.36.199
245 10 a Morton Feldmans Untiteled composition für Cello und Klavier
246 3 i Title should read: a Morton Feldmans Untitled composition für Cello und Klavier
245 00 a Horn sonat[a]s
246 3 a Horn sonats
RDA 1.7.9, 188.8.131.52
245 00 a Horn sonats
246 3 i Title should read: a Horn sonatas
AACR2: ... (ellipses) and [ ] square brackets are replace by and ( ).
RDA: The punctuation is transcribed as it appears on the source.
Title appears on the resource as
...Huésped de las nieblas...
...Guest from the mists...
for flute and piano
245 10 a --Huésped de las nieblas-- = b --Guest from the mists-- : for flute and piano
245 10 a ...Huésped de las nieblas... = b ...Guest from the mists... : for flute and piano
Edition statement: (250 field) will now encompass elements relating to the format of music that were scattered over various areas in AACR2:
° Musical presentation statement (e.g., Score and parts), currently tagged in 254 field
° Statements of responsibility relating to the format of music (e.g., vocal score by [name]), currently tagged in 245/c
° Voice range statements (e.g., High voice)
Publication statement: A new, repeatable MARC field (264) is used for production, publication, distribution, printing, and copyright date
Abbreviations are not used unless they appear on the resource.
Publication dates and copyright (©)/phonogram () dates are different elements in RDA and the copyright date may not be used for the date of publication.|
If the date of publication is unknown, use [Date of publication not identified] or an estimated date in brackets, with a question mark, if necessary.
Copyright/phonogram date is not required if a publication date is known. However, for music materials, it is strongly suggested that copyright/phonogram dates are included, even when they are the same as the publication date.
° Record the latest copyright date; for recordings, prefer dates over © dates.
Extent (RDA 3.4) and Physical description (AACR2):
The number and type of units (a physical or logical constituent of a resource; e.g., a volume, audiocassette, film reel, a map, a digital file) and/or subunit (a physical or logical subdivision of a unit; e.g., a page of a volume, a frame of a microfiche, a record in a digital file)
Give the extent if the resource is complete or if the total extent is known
Use the appropriate term, which may be a term from the carrier type list (184.108.40.206) or a general term (220.127.116.11)
Some terms are no longer used.
||RDA (see 7.20.13 or metadata registry for a full list of terms)
|v. of music, p. of music, leaves of music||score|
|close score||condensed score (now used for both vocal and instrumental scores)|
|miniature score||study score|
16 p. of music
1 miniature score
1 close score
1 sound disc
1 sound cassette
1 score (16 pages)
1 study score
1 condensed score
1 audio disc
Physical description of sound recordings:
Most terms for types of carriers used in the extent are modified. The word "sound" is discontinued to avoid confusion with content.
|sound cartridge||audio cartridge|
|sound disc||audio disc|
|piano, [etc.] roll||audio roll|
|sound tape reel||audio tape|
|sound track film reel, [cassette, etc.]||sound-track reel|
Additionally, some details are given even if they are standard for the type of resource:
° type of recording: analog, digital (18.104.22.168)
° recording medium (22.214.171.124)
° playing speed (126.96.36.199)
° groove characteristic (188.8.131.52) (e.g., microgroove)
° track configuration (184.108.40.206)
° tape configure (number of tracks on an audiotape) (220.127.116.11) (e.g., 12 track)
° playback (18.104.22.168) (e.g., mono, stereo)
° special playback characteristics (22.214.171.124) (e.g., Dolby, CD audio, DVD audio, MP3, SACD)
° tape configuration (number of tracks on an audiotape)
° dimensions of cartridges and cassettes, including the width of the tape
° metric units are used for dimensions, but RDA allows for the use of another system of measure
(e.g., inches: 4 3/4 in.)
General material designation:
Three new fields (336, 337, 338) collectively replace the General material designation (245 h)
See Content, Media, and Carrier (RDA 6.9, 3.2, 3.3 & MARC 336-338)
Notation: indicating type of notation, even with it is staff notation, is required in RDA (7.13; see also metadata registry) and is given in the 546 field: graphic notation, letter notation, mensural notation, neumatic notation, number notation, solmization, staff notation, tablature, tonic sol-fa.
Identifying works and expressions
("work(s)" in RDA refers to both individual works and compilations)
1. record attributes (6.2-6.26)
2. determine which attributes to use in the authorized access point (6.27-6.31)
Authorized access points comprise
° preferred name of the creator (if applicable)
° preferred title of work
° additional elements to differentiate among other works/expressions
Differences from AACR2:
° no equivalent to AACR2's "works of mixed responsibility"
° no more rule of three
° medium of performance in access point can contain more than three elements
° use "cello" not "violoncello"
° spell out "acc." "arr." and "unacc."
° fewer restrictions on recording key
° librettos and operas are considered separate works
Source: RDA and Sound Recordings—A Cataloging Workshop: Cataloging with RDA—Sound Recordings