Music Cataloging at Yale RDA

Relationship designators
between a resource and persons, families, and corporate bodies associated with the resource (RDA Appendix I)

Note: this page was created with music cataloging in mind.
Consult RDA Appendix I for a complete list of relationship designators.

A relationship designator indicates the nature of the relationship between entities represented by authorized access points, descriptions, and/or identifiers.

(I.1) General guidelines on using relationship designators used to specify the relationship between a resource and a person, family, or corporate body associated with that resource:
° If the relationship element is considered sufficient for the purposes of the agency creating the data, do not use a relationship designator to indicate the specific nature of the relationship.
° Use relationship designators at the level of specificity that is considered appropriate for the purposes of the agency creating the data.

PCC guidelines:
° PCC highly encourages including relationship designators for all access points whenever it is clear what the relationship is.
° It is recommended that PCC catalogers use relationship designators from the RDA appendices.
° Include a relationship designator for all creators, whether they are coded in the 1XX or 7XX field, even if the MARC field definition already implies a relationship.
° If the nature of the relationship cannot be ascertained even at a general level, do not assign a relationship designator.
° Prefer a specific term to a general one if it is easily determined. For example, use librettist rather than author for the creator of a libretto.
° Apply relationship designators in accordance with their definitions. For example, note the difference between artist and illustrator.
° If more than one relationship designator is appropriate because the same entity has multiple roles, preferably use repeating ‡e (or ‡j for MARC X11 fields).
     » Add relationship designators in WEMI order.
     » If necessary, multiple headings may be used instead.
° The relationship designators in RDA Appendix I may be applied to families and corporate bodies as well as to individuals

Relationship designators for persons, families, or corporate bodies associated with a work (I.2) | an expression (I.3)
(I.2) Relationship designators for persons, families, or corporate bodies associated with a work
(I.2.1) Relationship designators for creators
author Creates a work that is primarily textual in content, regardless of media type (e.g., printed text, spoken word, electronic text, tactile text) or genre (e.g., poems, novels, screenplays, blogs).

Use also for persons, etc., creating a new work by paraphrasing, rewriting, or adapting works by another creator if the modification has substantially changed the nature and content of the original or changed the medium of expression.

Music-related creators under the category of author are also:
librettist An author of the words of an opera or other musical stage work, or an oratorio.
For an author of the words of just the songs from a musical, see lyricist.
lyricist An author of the words of a popular song, including a song or songs from a musical.
For a writer of words added to an expression of a musical work, see writer of added lyrics in I.3.1.
For an author of the words of just the songs from a musical, see librettist.
compiler Responsible for creating a new work (e.g., a bibliography, a directory) by selecting, arranging, aggregating, and editing data, information, etc.
composer Creates a musical work.
Use also for persons, etc., who
     ° adapt another musical work to form a distinct alteration (e.g., free transcription), paraphrasing a work
     ° create a work in the general style of another composer
     ° create a work that is based on the music of another composer (e.g., variations on a theme).
Examples:

2013560472 Cruz, Orfa V., ‡e compiler
2013560337 Diesendruck, Tamar, ‡e composer
2012562315 McDonough, Glen, ‡e librettist
2013563161 Clay, Amelia, ‡e lyricist

Multiple relationship designators for creators:

2012560047 Clark, Larry, ‡d 1963- ‡e composer, ‡e compiler
2011567286 Post, Douglas, ‡e composer, ‡e lyricist, ‡e author
2012564348 Smith, Harry B. ‡q (Harry Bache), ‡d 1860-1936, ‡e librettist, ‡e lyricist
(I.2.2) Relationship designators for other persons, families, or corporate bodies associated with a work
producer Responsible for most of the business aspects of a production for screen, audio recording, television, webcast, etc. The producer is generally responsible for fund raising, managing the production, hiring key personnel, arranging for distributors, etc.
producer Responsible for most of the business aspects of a production for screen, audio recording, television, webcast, etc. The producer is generally responsible for fund raising, managing the production, hiring key personnel, arranging for distributors, etc.
production company Responsible for financial, technical, and organizational management of a production for stage, screen, audio recording, television, webcast, etc.
sponsoring body Sponsors some aspect of a work, e.g., funding research, sponsoring an event.
(I.3) Relationship designators for persons, families, or corporate bodies associated with an expression
(I.3.1) Relationship designators for contributors
arranger of music Rewrites the composition for a medium of performance different from that for which the work was originally intended.
     ° may also modify the work for the same medium of performance, etc., keeping the musical substance of the original composition essentially unchanged.
For extensive modification that effectively results in the creation of a new musical work, see composer at I.2.1.
For a work transcribed from one system of notation to another, see transcriber in I.3.1.
composer (expression) Adds music to a work that originally lacked it, by composing new music to substitute for the original music, or by composing new music to supplement the existing music.
editor Revises or clarifies the content, e.g., adding an introduction, notes, or other critical matter.
     ° may also prepare an expression of a work for production, publication, or distribution.
For major revisions, adaptations, etc., that substantially change the nature and content of the original work, resulting in a new work, see author at I.2.1
editor of compilation Note: with the April 2014 update to the RDA Toolkit, this relationship has will be deleted. Use editor
musical director A person, family, or corporate body contributing to an expression of a work by coordinating the activities of the composer, the sound editor, and sound mixers for a moving image production or for a musical or dramatic presentation or entertainment.
performer Contributes to an expression of a work by performing music, acting, dancing, speaking, etc., often in a musical or dramatic presentation, etc.

Music-related contributors under the category of performer are also:
conductor leads a performing group (orchestra, chorus, opera, etc.) in a musical or dramatic presentation, etc..
instrumentalist Plays a musical instrument.
narrator Reads or speaks in order to give an account of an act, occurrence, course of events, etc.
singer Uses his/her/their voice, with or without instrumental accompaniment, to produce music.
     ° the performance may or may not include actual words.
recording engineer Supervises the technical aspects of a sound or video recording session.
recordist Uses a recording device to capture sound and/or video during a recording session, including field recordings of natural sounds, folkloric events, music, etc.
transcriber Changes the work from one system of notation to another.
For a work transcribed for a different instrument or performing group, see arranger of music at I.3.1
translator Expresses the original text of the work in a language different from that of the original work.
A translator may also translate a text from an older form of a language into the modern form.
writer of supplementary textual content Provides supplementary textual content (e.g., an introduction, a preface) to the original work.

Music-related contributors under the category of performer are also:
writer of added commentary A person, family, or corporate body contributing to an expression of a work by providing an interpretation or critical explanation of the original work.
writer of added lyrics A writer of words added to an expression of a musical work.
For lyric writing in collaboration with a composer to form an original work, see lyricist in I.2.1.
writer of introduction A person, family, or corporate body contributing to an expression of a work by providing an introduction to the original work.
writer of preface A person, family, or corporate body contributing to an expression of a work by providing a preface to the original work.
Examples:

Arrangers:
2013568194 Dunker, Amy, ‡e arranger of music
2012560047 Clark, Larry, ‡d 1963- ‡e arranger of music
2013568062 Schweitzer, M., ‡e arranger

Composers of expression:
2012563742 Hastings, Thomas, ‡d 1784-1872, ‡e composer (expression)
     ° used for the composer of harmonies to melodies by another composer

Editors:
2012428885 Instituto Nacional de las Artes Escénicas y de la Música (Spain), ‡e editor
2012564397 Theopold, Hans-Martin, ‡e editor
     ° used for the person who added fingerings to the edition.
Performers:
2010624123 Meunier, Alain, ‡d 1942- ‡e conductor
#845368629 Zimmermann, Bernhard ‡c (Conductor), ‡e conductor
#845368629 Franz, Helmut ‡c (Choral director), ‡e conductor
#847801531 Jones, Carly ‡c (Clarinetist), ‡e instrumentalist
#819636600 Cambell, James, ‡e narrator
2010619295 Metropolitan Opera (New York, N.Y.), ‡e performer
2010615053 Ardeeva, Elizaveta Pavlovna, ‡d 1933- ‡e singer
#847801531 Jones, Timothy ‡c (Bass-baritone), ‡e singer

Musical directors:
2013570568 Sarv, Mikk, ‡e musical director

Recordists:
2010615053 Niemi, Jarkko, ‡e recordist
     ° used for the person who recorded folk songs

Transcribers:
2013562082 Ippolitov-Ivanov, Mikhail Mikhaĭlovich, ‡d 1859-1935, ‡e transcriber
2012465663 Mader, Wolfgang, ‡e transcriber
     ° used for the person who realized the continuo part for keyboard instrument
2010563374 Howard, Elbereth, ‡e transcriber
     ° used for the person who wrote out the music for popular songs

Translators:
2013560508 Wicker, Jutta, ‡e translator

writers of supplementary textual content:
2012564449 Konrad, Ulrich, ‡e writer of added commentary
2011568265 Bennett, Charles, ‡d 1954- ‡e writer of added lyrics
2013562135 Cepeda Astudillo, Franklin, ‡d 1975- ‡e writer of added text

Relationship designators not found in Appendix I:
2013560465 Tunick, Jonathan, ‡e orchestrator of music
2013560465 Abell, David Charles, ‡e annotator of music
2012458022 Rancapino, ‡d 1945- ‡e vocalist

Multiple relationship designators for creators:

Arrangers, etc.:
2010619286 Colón Zayas, Edwin, ‡d 1965- ‡e arranger, ‡e conductor
#867178181 Kramer, Worth, ‡e arranger of music, ‡e conductor
2013560475 Sherman, Laura ‡c (Harpist), ‡e arranger, ‡e editor
2011564848 Newman, Grace West, ‡e arranger, ‡e translator
#813928070 Bovet, Guy, ‡e arranger of music, ‡e writer of preface

2013563006 Firfov, Živko, ‡e compiler, ‡e editor
2013570569 Mular, Hristu, ‡d 1955- ‡e compiler, ‡e arranger of music, ‡e performer
2013560511 Strikha, Maksym, ‡e editor, ‡e translator, ‡e writer of added text
#839294791 Assad, Sérgio, ‡e instrumentalist, ‡e arranger of music
#839294791 Kremer, Gidon, ‡d 1947- ‡e instrumentalist, ‡e arranger of music, ‡e writer of added commentary
2013570571 Torop, Kristjan, ‡e musical director, ‡e writer of added text

Composers as well as contributors:
2013563003 Schwarz, Gerard, ‡d 1947- ‡e composer, ‡e arranger
#864721682 Mazzeo, Frank, ‡e composer, ‡e performer
2012394566 Leopoldi, Hermann, ‡d 1888-1959, ‡e composer, ‡e singer, ‡e instrumentalist
#856997337 Shacklock Meth Party (Musical group), ‡e composer, ‡e performer, ‡e producer, ‡e recording engineer


Comments to Mickey Koth Yale University Music Library
©Yale University Library Last revised April 17, 2014.