Music Cataloging at Yale RDA

Relationship designators
between works, expressions, manifestations, and items (RDA Appendix J)

Note: this page was created with music cataloging in mind.
Consult RDA Appendix J for a complete list of relationship designators.

Relationship designators for related
works (J.2): Derivative relationships (J.2.2) | Whole-part relationships (J.2.4) | Accompanying relationships (J.2.5)
expressions (J.3): Derivative relationships (J.3.2) | Whole-part relationships (J.3.4) | Accompanying relationships (J.3.5)
manifestations (J.4): Equivalent relationships (J.4.2) | Whole-part relationships (J.4.4) | Accompanying relationships (J.4.5)

A relationship designator indicates the nature of the relationship between between works, expressions, manifestations, or items (e.g., related work, related item).
Relationship designators provide more specific information about the nature of the relationship (e.g., parody of, facsimile of).

(J.1) General guidelines on using relationship designators:
° Relationship designators provide more specific information about the nature of the relationship (e.g., parody of, facsimile of).
° If the relationship element is considered sufficient for the purposes of the agency creating the data, do not use a relationship designator to indicate the specific nature of the relationship.
° Use relationship designators at the level of specificity that is considered appropriate for the purposes of the agency creating the data.
° If none of the terms listed in Appendix J is appropriate or sufficiently specific, use another concise term to indicate the nature of the relationship.

PCC guidelines:
° The use of relationship designators for resource-to-resource relationships is encouraged.
° Do so even if the field coding otherwise already expresses a relationship.
° It is recommended that PCC catalogers use relationship designators from the RDA appendices.
° Prefer a specific term to a general one if it is easily determined.
° If the nature of the relationship cannot be ascertained even at a general level, do not assign a relationship designator.
° Where multiple relationships exist, e.g., an abridged translation, provide separate access points, each with a single relationship designator in a single ‡i subfield.
          LC-PCC PS for RDA J.1: LC practice: When MARC subfield ‡i for a relationship designator is used in a bibliographic record,
          ° give ‡i as the first subfield,
          ° capitalize the first word in the designator,
          ° end the subfield with a colon.
     » Alternatively, identify one relationship as primary and record that relationship alone.
° Include a 7XX field with a relationship designator referring to a specific related resource even if a 130 or 240 field is already present implying that they are versions of the same work.
° If there is reason to believe that the resource being cataloged is related to another resource, but the resource in question cannot be identified (e.g., in the case of an expression that is believed to be a translation but the original is unknown), give the information in a note.
° When constructing a reference to a related resource sharing the same principally responsible creator as the resource being described, use a 7XX author-title entry explicitly naming the creator in its ‡a rather than a 740 title entry with an implied relationship to the 1XX in the same record.

Relationship designators for related works (J.2) | related expressions (J.3) | related manifestations (J.4)

(J.2) Relationship designators for related works
(J.2.2) Derivative work relationships
based on (work) A work used as the source for a derivative work.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
adaptation of (work) A work that has been modified for a purpose, use, or medium other than that for which it was originally intended.
° motion picture adaptation of (work): work that has been adapted as a motion picture.
libretto based on (work) A work used as the basis for the text of an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio.
musical setting of (work) A work that provides the text for a non-dramatic musical work, other than an oratorio.
musical variations based on (work) A musical work from which melodic, thematic, or harmonic material is taken to form a discrete theme, which is repeated one or more times with subsequent modifications.
paraphrase of (work) A work used as the basis for a paraphrase, i.e., a restating of the content of the source work in a different form.
derivative work A work that is a modification of a source work.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
adapted as (work) A work that modifies the source work for a purpose, use, or medium other than that for which it was originally intended.
basis for libretto (work) A work that consists of the text of an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio, based on the source work.
musical setting (work) A non-dramatic musical work, other than an oratorio, that uses the text of the source work.
musical variations (work) A musical work in which melodic, thematic, or harmonic material is taken from the source work to form a discrete theme, which is repeated one or more times with subsequent modifications.
paraphrased as (work) A work that restates the content of the source work in a different form.
Examples of derivative work relationships:

Musical work on which another musical work is based:
#858583527
700 1_ ‡i Based on (work): ‡a Gounod, Charles, ‡d 1818-1893. ‡t Faust. ‡p Valse.
     a new musical work by one composer based on a musical work by a different composer
2012564388
700 1_ ‡i Based on (work): ‡a Gordon, Geoffrey. ‡t Concerto, ‡m violin, orchestra.
     a new musical work based on another musical work; both works by the same composer
2013563023
730 0_ ‡i Based on (work): ‡a Southern harmony and musical companion.

Musical work on which variations are based:
2012564412
730 0_ ‡i Musical variations based on (work): ‡a Arirang.

Musical work that was adapted to create a new musical work:
#795893642
700 1_ ‡i Adaptation of (work): ‡a Ewazen, Eric, ‡d 1954- ‡t Palisades suite.
     a musical work for flute, clarinet, and piano adapted by the same composer for tenor trombone, bass trombone, and trombone sextet
#811138943
700 1_ ‡i Adaptation of (work): ‡a Norlén, Håkan, ‡d 1917-2003. ‡t Visa vid midsommartid.
     song adapted by another composer as a choral work.
#844461365
700 1_ ‡i Adaptation of (work): ‡a Slonimsky, Nicolas, ‡d 1894-1995. ‡t Thesaurus of scales and melodic patterns.
     adapted for guitar

Musical work that was adapted to create motion picture:
#864939725
700 1_ ‡i Motion picture adaptation of (work): ‡a Lehár, Franz, ‡d 1870-1948. ‡t Lustige Witwe. ‡p Es lebt' eine Vilja.

Literary work on which the an instrumental work was based:
2013560440
700 1_ ‡i Based on (work): ‡a Kotsiubyns'kyĭ, Mykhaĭlo, ‡d 1864-1913. ‡t Tini zabutykh predkiv.

Literary work on which the libretto was based:
2012564356
700 1_ ‡i Libretto based on (work): ‡a Decourcelle, Adrien, ‡d 1824-1892. ‡t Je dîne chez ma mère.

Book on which an opera is based:
2013560407
700 1_ ‡i Based on (work): ‡a Machiavelli, Niccolò, ‡d 1469-1527. ‡t Mandragola.

Text that the composer set to music and the work on which the text was based:
2013560232
700 1_ ‡i Musical setting of (work): ‡a Pinsky, Robert. ‡t Canto V.
700 0_ ‡i Libretto based on (work): ‡a Dante Alighieri, ‡d 1265-1321. ‡t Inferno. ‡n Canto 5.

Text that the composer set to music:
2012465663
700 1_ ‡i Musical setting of (work): ‡a Schubart, Tobias Henrich. ‡t Da Jesu, deinen Ruhm zu mehren.
(J.2.4) Whole-part work relationships
container of (work) A work that is a discrete component of a larger work.
Examples of whole-part work relationships:

2013560123
700 12 ‡i Container of (work): ‡a Chopin, Frédéric, ‡d 1810-1849. ‡t Ballades, ‡m piano, ‡n no. 1, op. 23, ‡r G minor.
2013568120
700 12 ‡i Container of (work): ‡a Shostakovich, Dmitriĭ Dmitrievich, ‡d 1906-1975. ‡t Romansy na slova E. Dolmatovskogo.

#849651813
700 1_ ‡i Container of (work): ‡a Bach, Johann Sebastian, ‡d 1685-1750. ‡t Concertos, ‡m harpsichord, string orchestra, ‡n BWV 1056, ‡r F minor.
700 1_ ‡i Container of (work): ‡a Bach, Johann Sebastian, ‡d 1685-1750. ‡t Concertos, ‡m harpsichord, string orchestra, ‡n BWV 1052, ‡r D minor.
700 1_ ‡i Container of (work): ‡a Bach, Johann Sebastian, ‡d 1685-1750. ‡t Concertos, ‡m harpsichord, string orchestra, ‡n BWV 1058, ‡r G minor.
(J.2.5) Accompanying work relationships
augmentation of (work) A work whose content is added to by another work.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
cadenza composed for (work) A work used as the basis for the text of an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio.
augmented by (work) A work that adds to the content of a predominant work.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
cadenza (work) A musical work consisting of an ornamental passage for a soloist, added to a musical work such as a concerto, either by the same or a different composer.
complemented by (work) A work paired with another work without either work being considered to predominate.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
incidental music (work) A musical work that provides the incidental music for a play or other spoken work for the stage.
incidental music for (work) A work such as a play or other spoken work for the stage that uses the musical work as incidental music.
libretto (work) A work that provides the text of an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio.
libretto for (work) A musical work such as an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio, that uses the text of the related work as a libretto.
Examples:

Incidental music:
#20915131
700 1_ ‡i Incidental music for (work): ‡a Raupach, Ernst Benjamin Salomo, ‡d 1784-1852. ‡t König Enzio.

#835648240
700 1_ ‡i Augmentation of: ‡a Legendre, Louis, ‡d 1851-1908. ‡t Beaucoup de bruit pour rien.
#858280397
700 1_ ‡i Augmentation of (work): ‡a Browne, Walter, ‡d 1856-1911. ‡t Everywoman.

2013568122
700 1_ ‡i Complemented by (work): ‡a Leavitt, William, ‡d 1926-1990. ‡t Modern method for guitar.
(J.3) Relationship designators for related expressions
(J.3.2) Derivative expression relationships
based on (expression) An expression used as the basis for a derivative entity.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
adaptation of (expression) An expression of a work that modifies the source entity for a purpose, use, or medium other than that for which it was originally intended.
libretto based on (expression) An expression of a work used as the basis for the text of an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio.
musical arrangement of An expression of a work that has been rewritten for a medium of performance different from that for which the work was originally intended.
musical setting of (expression) An expression of a work that provides the text for a non-dramatic musical work, other than an oratorio.
musical variations based on (expression) An expression of a musical work from which melodic, thematic, or harmonic material is taken to form a discrete theme, which is repeated one or more times with subsequent modifications.
paraphrase of (expression) An expression of a work used as the basis for a paraphrase, i.e., a restating of the content of the source work in a different form.
revision of An expression of a work used as the basis for an updated, corrected, or expanded version.
translation of An expression of a work that has been translated, i.e., the text expressed in a language different from that of the original work.
derivative expression An expression that is a modification of a source entity.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
adapted as (expression) An expression of a work that modifies the source entity for a purpose, use, or medium other than that for which it was originally intended.
basis for libretto (expression) An expression of a work that consists of the text of an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio, based on the source work.
musical arrangement An expression of a work that rewrites the source entity for a medium of performance different from that for which the work was originally intended.
musical setting (expression) An expression of a non-dramatic musical work, other than an oratorio, that uses the text of the source work.
musical variations (expression) An expression of a musical work in which melodic, thematic, or harmonic material is taken from the source work to form a discrete theme, which is repeated one or more times with subsequent modifications.
paraphrased as (expression) An expression of a work that restates the content of the source work in a different form.
revised as An expression of a work that has been updated, corrected, or expanded.
translated as An expression of a work that translates the text of the source entity into a language different from that of the original work.
Examples of derivative expression relationships:

Musical arrangement:
2012564253
730 0_ ‡i Musical arrangement of (work): ‡a Keep me from sinking down.
2013465261
700 1_ ‡i 2nd and 3rd movements arrangement of (work): ‡a Kaprálová, Vítězslava, ‡d 1915-1940. ‡t Dubnová preludia.

Literary work on which the libretto was based:
2012564348
700 1_ ‡i Libretto based on (expression): ‡a Rostand, Edmond, ‡d 1868-1918. ‡t Cyrano de Bergerac. ‡l English.
2012564401
700 1_ ‡i Libretto based on (expression): ‡a Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, ‡d 1547-1616. ‡t Celoso extremeño. ‡l English.

Text that the composer set to music and the work on which the text was based:
2012563876
700 1_ ‡i Musical setting of (expression): ‡a Śāntideva, ‡d active 7th century. ‡t Bodhicaryāvatāra. ‡l English.
2013561052
700 1_ ‡i Musical setting of (expression): ‡a Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, ‡d 1933- ‡t Babiĭ IAr.
700 1_ ‡i Musical setting of (expression): ‡a Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, ‡d 1933- ‡t Poems. ‡k Selections.
(J.3.4) Whole-part expression relationships
container of (expression) An expression of a work whose content is added to by another entity.
Examples of whole-part expression relationships:

2012560098
700 12 ‡i Container of (expression): ‡a Bach, Johann Sebastian, ‡d 1685-1750. ‡t Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht. ‡s Vocal score. ‡l German.
700 12 ‡i Container of (expression): ‡a Bach, Johann Sebastian, ‡d 1685-1750. ‡t Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht. ‡s Vocal score. ‡l English.

#18206386
700 12 ‡i Container of (expression): ‡a Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel, ‡d 1714-1788. ‡t Stücke, ‡m musical clock, ‡n H. 635. ‡n No. 19; ‡o arranged.
700 12 ‡i Container of (expression): ‡a Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel, ‡d 1714-1788. ‡t Stücke, ‡m musical clock, ‡n H. 635. ‡n No. 20; ‡o arranged.
700 12 ‡i Container of (expression): ‡a Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel, ‡d 1714-1788. ‡t Stücke, ‡m musical clock, ‡n H. 635. ‡n No. 21; ‡o arranged.
(J.3.5) Accompanying expression relationships
augmentation of (expression) An expression of a work whose content is added to by another entity.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
cadenza composed for (expression) An expression of a musical work such as a concerto for which an ornamental passage for a soloist has been composed, either by the same or a different composer.
augmented by (expression) An expression of a work that adds to the content of a predominant entity.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
cadenza (expression) An expression of a musical work consisting of an ornamental passage for a soloist, added to a musical work such as a concerto, either by the same or a different composer.
complemented by (expression) An expression of a work paired with another entity without either entity being considered to predominate.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
incidental music (expression) n expression of a musical work that that provides the incidental music for a play or other spoken work for the stage.
incidental music for (expression) An expression of a work such as a play or other spoken work for the stage that uses the musical work as incidental music.
libretto (expression) An expression of a work that provides the text of an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio.
libretto for (expression) An expression of a musical work such as an opera or other work for the musical stage, or an oratorio, that uses the text of the related work.
(J.4) Relationship designators for related manifestations
(J.4.2) Equivalent manifestations relationships
equivalent manifestation A manifestation embodying the same expression of a work.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
reproduced as A manifestation that reproduces another manifestation embodying the same expression of a work.
reproduction of (manifestation) A manifestation used as the basis for a reproduction.
(J.4.4) Whole-part manifestation relationships
contained in (manifestation) A larger manifestation of which a part is a discrete component.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
facsimile contained in (manifestation) A larger manifestation of which a part is a discrete component that exactly reproduces another manifestation embodying the same expression of a work.
special issue of A serial or newspaper containing a single issue or a supplementary section devoted to a special subject, with or without serial numbering, such as an anniversary number of a periodical or newspaper.
contains (manifestation) A manifestation that is a discrete component of a larger entity.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
contains facsimile of (manifestation) A manifestation used as the basis for an exact reproduction that is a discrete component of a larger entity.
special issue A manifestation that consists of a single issue or a supplementary section of a serial or newspaper devoted to a special subject.
Examples of whole-part manifestation relationships:

2013364306
700 1_ ‡i Contained in (manifestation): ‡a Krutikov, G. A. ‡q (Geliĭ Andreevich), ‡d 1931- ‡t Akh ty, Rus' razdol'naia.
2013560346
730 0_ ‡i Contained in (manifestation): ‡a World magazine, ‡g December 23, 1917.
(J.4.5) Accompanying manifestation relationships
accompanied by (manifestation) A manifestation issued with another manifestation, without any relationship to its content.

Music-related relationships under this category are:
issued with A manifestation that is issued on the same carrier as the manifestation being described.


Comments to Mickey Koth Yale University Music Library
©Yale University Library Last revised August 12, 2014.