Outline for the book Uniform Titles for Music
Published March 2008

This outline includes chapter headings and subheadings, with page numbers.
There are also links to a web page with updates, additions, etc.

Chapter 1 Principles of Uniform Titles for Music
Chapter 2 The Initial Title Element (25.27-25.28)
Chapter 3 Formulating the Initial Title Element: Generic Titles (25.29)
Chapter 4 Additions to the Initial Title Element: Generic Titles (25.30)
Chapter 5 Medium of Performance: Instrumental Music (25.30B2-B7)
Chapter 6 Medium of Performance: Vocal Music (25.30B8-B10)
Chapter 7 Numeric Identifying Elements (25.30C)
Chapter 8 Key (25.30D)
Chapter 9 Other Identifying Elements (25.30E)
Chapter 10 Distinctive Titles (25.3, 25.31A-B)
Chapter 11 Additions to Both Generic and Distinctive Titles (25.32, 25.35)
Chapter 12 Collective Titles (25.8, 25.34)
Chapter 13 Works of Unknown or Collective Authorship (21.5, 21.6)
Chapter 14 Manuscripts (25.13)
Chapter 15 References (26.1, 26.4)
Appendix A Thematic Index Numbers for Composers Whose Works Are Assigned Numbers Other Than or in Addition to Opus Numbers
Appendix B Comparison of Music Uniform Titles and LC Subject Headings
Appendix C Resources for Authority Work
Index

1 Chapter 1 Principles of Uniform Titles for Music
2   What Does a Music Uniform Title Do? (25.1A)
3   A Brief Overview of Uniform Titles for Music
9   Where is a Uniform Title Used in a Bibliographic Record?
11  Uniform Titles and Authority Records
12     Headings and References
13     Other Fields
16  Abbreviations, Capitalization, and Punctuation
16     Abbreviations
17     Capitalization
19        Single Letters
19        Capitalization in Titles for Sacred Music additional examples
21     Punctuation
21        Comma
21        Period
23        Semi-Colon
23        Other Punctuation: slash, colon, ampersand, parentheses, dashes additional examples
24     When to Include a Composer's Original Punctuation in the Uniform Title additional examples
25     New section: Titles With Separate Letters or Initials Without Periods or Spaces Between Them
25     Punctuation Between the Name and Title Portions of a Heading
25     Ending Punctuation
25        Within Elements of a Uniform Title additional example
26        At the End of a Uniform Title
27  Accents, Diacritical Marks, and Special Characters

29  Chapter 2 The Initial Title Element (25.27-25.28)
30  Determining the Composer's Original Title (25.27A)
31  Isolating the Initial Title Element (25.28)
32     Medium of Performance
32     Key
32     Identifying Numbers
32        Serial Numbers
33        Opus and Thematic Index Numbers
33     Date of Composition
34  Examples of the Process of Isolating the Initial Title Element
35  Determining Whether the Initial Title Element is Generic or Distinctive (25.29A)
36  Treatment of Titles Naming More Than One Type of Composition additional examples
37       more information
38  Treatment of Terms Used in Phrases
38     Phrases That Include Medium of Performance
38        Bound Phrases additional example
38        Titles With Embedded Medium of Performance additional examples
40     Works in a Numbered Series with Titles That Include a Phrase With the Name of a Type of Composition
42     The Word  "Double" or "Triple" in the Initial Title Element

43  Chapter 3 Formulating the Initial Title Element: Generic Titles (25.29)
43  Singular Versus Plural additional information
45        Lost Works
45        Language of the Plural Form of the Name of a Type of Composition
46     Sacred Music with Liturgical Titles
46  Cognates
48     Applying 25.29A1 to Titles Naming More Than One Type of Composition
48        Singular Versus Plural
48        Cognates
49  Title on the Item Varies From the Composer's Original Title
50  When the Composer's Original Title is Not Used

51  Chapter 4 Additions to the Initial Title Element: Generic Titles (25.30)
51  Medium of Performance (25.30B)
52  Numeric Identifying Elements (25.30C)
52     Serial Numbers (25.30C2)
53     Opus and Thematic Index Numbers (25.30C3-25.30C4)
53  Key (25.30D)
53  Other Identifying Elements (25.30E)

55  Chapter 5 Medium of Performance: Instrumental Music (25.30B2-B7)
55  Names of Instruments
57  Works for One Instrument
57     Keyboard Instruments
58     Percussion Instruments
58     Works for Computer, Electronics, Synthesizer, or Tape
58  Works for More Than One Instrument, One Performer to a Part
59     Individually Named Instruments
59        Order of Instruments
59        Other Instruments in Score Order
61           Keyboard Instrument When There is More Than One Non-keyboard Instrument
62        Two or More of an Individually Named Instrument additional information
66           One Performer on Two or More Instruments
66           Keyboard Instruments examples added
67           Percussion Instruments
68           Works That Include Computer, Electronics, Synthesizer, or Tape
69     The Rule of Three
69        The Exceptions to the Rule of Three
70     Standard Combinations of Instruments
70        Initial Title Element is Trio(s), Quartet(s), or Quintet(s) additional information
71        Initial Title Element is Not Trio(s), Quartet(s), or Quintet(s) additional information
73     Other Groups of Instruments example added
78  Works for Large Ensembles, Two or More Performers to a Part
79     Instrumental Choirs
79     Solo Instrument(s) and Accompanying Ensemble additional information and change in policy by LC
83  Indeterminate or Unspecified Medium of Performance
83     Indeterminate Medium of Performance
83     Unspecified Medium of Performance

87  Chapter 6 Medium of Performance: Vocal Music (25.30B8-B10)
88  Works for One Solo Voice
88     Initial Title Element is "Song" or its Equivalent
89        Accompaniment for Two Instruments
90        Accompaniment for Three or More Instruments
92     Initial Title Element is Not "Song" or it Equivalent
93        Accompaniment for Two Instruments
94        Accompaniment for Three or More Instruments
96  Two or More Solo Voices additional text; additional example
96     Two Solo Voices of the Same Vocal Type
97     Two Solo Voices of Different Vocal Type
97     Three or More Solo Voices of the Same Vocal Type
97     Three or More Solo Voices of Two Different Vocal Types
98     Grouping Vocal Types According to Range of Voice
99  Works for Non-Solo Voices
100 Sacred Music With Implied Medium of Performance
102 Indeterminate Medium of Performance
103 Works That Include Narrator or Speaker

105 Chapter 7 Numeric Identifying Elements (25.30C)
105 Serial Numbers (25.30C2) additional information
109       Ordinal Numbers additional information
110    Language of a Term Associated With a Serial Number (25.30C2)
111       The Initial Title Element is in English and the Term Means "Number"
111       The Initial Title Element is in English and the Term Does Not Mean "Number"
111       The Initial Title Element is Not in English and the Term Means "Number"
112       The Initial Title Element is Not in English and the Term Does Not Mean "Number"
113    A Range of Consecutive Serial Numbers
114 Opus Numbers (25.30C3)
116    A Range of Consecutive Opus Numbers
116    Posthumous Opus Numbers
116 Both Serial and Opus Numbers additional examples
118 Thematic Index Numbers (25.30C4)
121 Examples of Thematic Index Numbers additional examples
121 A Range of Consecutive Thematic Index Numbers
122 Other Kinds of Numbers

123 Chapter 8 Key (25.30D) additional information

127 Chapter 9 Other Identifying Elements (25.30E)
127 Year of Completion of Composition
127    Exact Year of Composition
128    Range of Years of Composition
128    Estimated or Guessed Year of Composition
128    Year of composition is the Same
129 Year of Original Publication
129    Exact Year of Publication
129    Estimated Year of Publication
129    Probable Decade of First Publication
130 Any Other Identifying Elements
130    First Publisher additional example
130    Place of First Publication
130    Edition
130    New section: The Name of the Person Who Completed/Orchestrated Unfinished Sections
130    Text on Which a Vocal Work is Based additional example
131    Author of Text
131    Number of Performers
131    Manuscript Repository and Number additional information and examples
131    Order in Which the Work Appears in a Collection of Several Composers' Works
132       RISM numbers additional example

133 Chapter 10 Distinctive Titles (25.3, 25.31A-B)
133 Formulating the Title
133    Initial articles
135    Subtitles and alternate titles
135    Introductory phrases
135    Separable statements of responsibility
136 Titles With Cardinal Numbers
136    Initial Cardinal Numbers Integral to the Title
137    Initial Cardinal Numbers Not Integral to the Title
139    Internal Cardinal Numbers Integral to the Title
140    Internal Cardinal Numbers Not Integral to the Title
141 Titles With Ordinal Numbers
141    Initial Ordinal Numbers Integral to the Title
141    Initial Ordinal Numbers Not Integral to the Title
142    Internal Ordinal Numbers Integral to the Title
142    Internal Ordinal Numbers Not Integral to the Title additional example
143 Singular Versus Plural
143 Titles Consisting Solely of a Statement of Medium of Performance
143 Additions to Distinctive Titles to Resolve Conflicts (25.31B1)
144    Medium of Performance additional example
145    Descriptive Term or Phrase additional example
146       When Medium of Performance or a Descriptive Term or Phrase is Not Used
146    Numeric Identifying Elements
147       Serial Number additional example
147       Opus Number
147       Thematic Index Number
148       Omitting Medium of Performance For a Better File Arrangement
149    Key
149    Other Identifying Elements
149       Year of Completion of Composition
150       Guessed Year of Composition
150       Range of Years of Composition
150    More Than One Method of Differentiation
150       Medium of Performance and Opus Number
151       Descriptive Term or Phrase and Thematic Index Number
151       Descriptive Term or Phrase and Year of Composition
151       Thematic Index Number and Year of Composition
152       New section: Medium of Performance and Placement in the Composer's Complete Works
152       Medium of Performance and Placement in a Collection of Several Composers' Works
152       Other Means of Differentiation
153 Singular and Plural Forms of the Same Distinctive Title
153 Cadenzas

155 Chapter 11 Additions to Both Generic and Distinctive Titles (25.32, 25.35)
155 Parts of a Larger Work (p, n) (25.32)
156    Titled Parts additional information
157       Opera Arias
158    Numbered Parts
158       Numbered Parts Without Titles
159       Language of a Term Associated With the Number of a Part
159          The Term Means "Number"
159          The Term Does Not Mean "Number" additional examples
160       Other Kinds of Numbers
161    Numbered Parts With Titles
162       More Than One Sequence of Numbered Parts With Titles
164    New section: Parts With Neither Titles Nor Numbers
164    Part of a Part
165    Resolving Conflicts in Titles of Parts
166       Medium of Performance
166       Descriptive Term or Phrase
166       Numeric Identifying Elements
166       Distinguishing Between Two or More Parts With the Same Title Without Numeric Identifying Elements additional examples
168       Medium of Performance and Position Within the Larger Work
168       Key
168       Version
168       Subtitle of the Part additional example
169 Sketches (25.35B)
169 Arrangements (o) (25.35C)
170    Alterations of Musico-Dramatic Works (25.31C1)
170    What Does Not Constitute an Arrangement?
172       Added accompaniments additional information
172       Transposed Works
173       Revisions by the Original Composer (LCRI 25.35C)
173          New Work
175          Same Work
176    Adaptations
176       Transcriptions
177       Paraphrases
177       A Work Based on Other Music
178 Vocal Scores and Chorus Scores (s) (25.35D-E)
180    Librettos and Song Texts (25.35E)
181 Language (l) (25.35F)
182 Selections (k) (25.34C3)
182    Three or more non-consecutively numbered parts of a larger work by one composer
183    Three or more unnumbered parts of one work
183 Examples of Additions to Uniform Titles for Music

185 Chapter 12 Collective Titles (25.8, 25.34)
185 Complete Works additional information
186 Partial Collections
186    In the Same Form or Type For the Same Medium of Performance
188    In Two or More Forms or Types For the Same Medium of Performance additional example
189       Orchestral Excerpts, etc.
189          Music From One Work
190          Music From Two or More Works
190    In the Same Form or Type for Two or More Mediums of Performance or One Broad Medium
191    In Two or More Forms or Types For Two or More Mediums of Performance
191       Two or More Mediums Within One Broad Medium
191       Two or More Diverse Mediums of Performance
192 o in Collective Titles
192 Collections of Numbered Works With the Same Distinctive Title
194 Collections of Songs and Excerpts From Musicals and Revues (LCRIs 25.32B1 and 25.34C2)
195    Song Texts and Lyrics
195 Composers and Authors (25.10A)

197 Chapter 13 Works of Unknown or Collective Authorship (21.5, 21.6)
197 Unknown or Uncertain Authorship (21.5)
198       Additions to Resolve Conflicts additional example
199    Part of a Work of Unknown Authorship
199 Collective Authorship (21.6)
199    Works by four or more composers, with no single composer attributed as the primary composer
199    Works by two or three composers
200 Previously Existing Music by Various Composers Adapted or Arranged Into a Larger Work

203 Chapter 14 Manuscripts (25.13)
203 A Title Assigned to the Manuscript
203 A Name Given to the Manuscript or the Name by Which the Manuscript is Known
204 The Heading of the Repository

207 Chapter 15 References (26.1, 26.4)
207    See (or Search under) references
208    See also (or Search also under) references
210    Misattributed works additional information
211 Rules Specific to Uniform Titles (26.4)
212    References From Generic Uniform Titles
212       Initial Title Element
213       Medium of Performance
214       Numeric Identifying Elements
215       References for Works in a Numbered Sequence of Works With the Same Title, for Different Mediums of Performance
216       Arrangements
216    References From Distinctive Uniform Titles
217       Abbreviations
217       Ampersand or Other Symbol Representing the Word "and"
218       Letters, Initials, and Acronyms
219       Numbers correction and additional information
222       Dates
223       Alternative Forms of Words or Characters
224    References From the Title of a Part of a Work (26.4B3)
224       Parts With Distinctive Titles
224       Parts With Generic Titles additional information
225    Translations
226 Conflicts
226    What Constitutes a Conflict?
228    Conflicts Between References and Headings
228       Conflicts Between References and Generic Uniform Titles
229       Conflicts Between References and Distinctive Uniform Titles
230             Medium of Performance
230             Descriptive Word
230             Numeric Identifying Elements
231             Year of Completion of Composition
231             Publisher
231       Conflicts Between References
232             Year of Completion of Composition
232             Title of Larger Work
233             Medium of Performance
233             Descriptive Term

235 Appendix A Thematic Index Numbers for Composers Whose Works Are Assigned Numbers Other Than or in Addition to Opus Numbers additional entries

243 Appendix B Comparison of Uniform Titles for Music and LC Subject Headings
244 Initial Element
244    Choice of Term
245 Medium of Performance
245    Name of instrument
246    Name of voice
246    Order of instruments
247    Number of instruments/voices
247       Medium of performance with three or more elements
248    Standard chamber combinations
248    Omit medium of performance when it is implied.
250 Arrangements
250 Language
250 Selections

Appendix C Resources for Authority Work
251 Cataloging Tools
252 Language Tools
252 Complete Works
252 Thematic Indexes
253 Bibliographies and Discographies
253 General Encyclopedias
253 Internet Resources
254 Resources by Specific Time Period
254    Twentieth Century
254    Nineteenth Century
254    Seventeenth to Eighteenth Centuries
255    Before 1600
255 Women Composers
255 Black Composers
256 National Encyclopedias and Books
      Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Cuba, Denmark, England/Great Britain, Estonia, Finland,
      France, Germany, Holland, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latin America, Mexico, New Zealand, North and South
      America, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Romania, Russia/Soviet Union, Scotland, Silesia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine,
      United States, Venezuela, Yugoslavia
263 Library Catalogs
264 Resources by Form, Genre, or Medium of Performance
264    Stage Works
264    Vocal Music
265    Instrumental Music
265       Band/Wind Ensemble
265       Chamber Music
266       Individual Instruments
         Bassoon, Clarinet, Double Bass, English Horn, Guitar, Harp, Horn, Keyboard, Oboe, Organ, Percussion, Saxophone, Trumpet,
         Viola da Gamba, Violin, Violoncello

269 Bibliography

271 Index
p. 273 additional entries
p. 274 additional entry
p. 275 additional pages


Comments to Mickey Koth Yale University Music Library
©Yale University Library Last revised May 30, 2013.