Italian History
Canadian Studies Research Guide

Research by Media Type
Yale Collection
Bibliography of Reference Sources
Journals and Magazines
News Sources
Libraries and Museums

Research by Subject Category
Economics and Trade
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Canadian Journals
Locating Secondary Sources
Locating Primary Sources
Other history research guides
Canadian Studies Programs & Centers

Locating Secondary Sources

Locating Primary Source Material
People and Places to know about in the Yale Library

Locating Secondary Sources

Tools such as catalogs, bibliographies, general indexes, subject specific indexes, and other reference sources are secondary sources of information that serve to point the user to materials on whatever subject is being researched.


  • Orbis
    Orbis Searching Guide
    Together, Orbis and Morris (the Law Library catalog) constitute the Yale University Library online catalog. In Orbis, OPAC contains materials from 1977 to the present. Use OPAC to determine what materials Yale owns (books, journals, etc.) and where they are located.

  • WorldCat
    WorldCat is an online "union catalog"; that is, a bibliographic database of over 39 million records of books and other materials held in thousands of academic, public, special and national libraries around the world. Use WorldCat to locate materials outside of Yale, in almost any area of study, or to locate items in specific libraries and research collections. WorldCat provides catalog records for books, maps,sound recordings, musical scores, films, archives, and computer files held in research, corporate, and public libraries, as well as museums, archives and historical societies. All searches may be easily printed, downloaded or e-mailed directly to you.

  • Other Library Catalogs
    Library catalogs at Yale, including Morris (Law Library materials), special catalogs, and the Center for Research Libraries catalog. Link to catalogs for searching multiple libraries, selected local and regional library catalogs, and portals for locating libraries around the world.

Bibliographies General Indexes
  • Citations in the Alternative Press Index are drawn from alternative, radical, and left publications, that report and analyze the practices and theories of cultural, economic, political, and social change. API indexes such important periodicals as: Cineaste, Environmental Action, Socialist Review, and Women's Review of Books. 90% of the publications indexed in API are unique; you won't find them indexed in the Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature or the Social Sciences Index. Major topics include: African-American Studies, ethnic & racial studies, feminism, gay/lesbian studies, community organizing, ecology, labor studies, social theory, socialism, alternative organizations, anarchism, prisons, indigenous people's rights,internationalism.

  • America: History and Life (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC Clio, v. 0- 1964- .)
    SML, Z1236 +A43 (LC)
    America: History and Life
    The primary index to the literature of American and Canadian History, covering journals in 45 languages. Also, includes dissertations and selected book, film and video reviews. Quarterly with annual cumulations. The print volumes are issued in four parts:
    * Part A. Article abstracts and citations
    * Part B. Index to book reviews
    * Part C. American History bibliography, books, articles and dissertations
    * Part D. Annual Index
    Volume 0 covers 1954-1963. The online version covers 1964 to the present.

  • Arts & Humanities Citation Index (Philadelphia: Institute for Scientific Information, 1975- .)
    SML, Starr Main Reference Rm, Annex Z5937 +A795 (LC)
    Arts & Humanities Search
    An international interdisciplinary index to the literature of the arts and humanities, indexing the contents of journals, covering about 1,000 fully and about 5,100 selectively. Those selectively covered are titles in the sciences and social sciences indexed by Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index, from which articles of possible interest in the arts and humanities are drawn.
    Published in three parts:
    * Citation Index (through which you can find what later articles have cited earlier books or articles)
    * Source Index (an author index)
    * Permuterm Subject Index (which offers keyword access to the titles of articles)
    The database covers 1978 to the present, and the print volumes go back to 1975.

  • Biography and Genealogy Master Index (Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985-)
    SML Starr Main Reference Rm Z5305 U5 +B562 (LC)
    Biography and Genealogy Master Index
    Biography and Genealogy Master Index is a comprehensive index to nearly 12 million biographical sketches in more than 2700 volumes and editions of current and retrospective reference books, covering both contemporary and historical figures throughout the world.

  • Biography Resource Center
    Biography Resource Center
    The Biography Resource Center (BioRC) is a comprehensive database of biographical information throughout history, around the world, and across all disciplines and subject areas. It combines biographies from sources such as Contemporary Authors, Encyclopedia of World Biography, Newsmakers, Contemporary Theatre, Film, and Television, Contemporary Musicians, Historic World Leaders, Notable Twentieth-Century Scientists, Contemporary Black Biography, Religious Leaders of America, International Dictionary of Art and Artists, Writers Directory; with full-text articles from nearly 250 periodicals including American History, The Christian Century, Saturday Night, U.S. News & World Report.

  • Historical Abstracts (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC Clio, v. 1 1955- v. 16 (1970)
    SML Stacks D1 +H48 (LC)
    Historical Abstracts
    Historical Abstracts contains annotated references to books, articles, and dissertations on the history of the world from 1450 to the present (excluding the United States and Canada, which are covered in America: History and Life). Published since 1954, Historical Abstracts indexes over 2,000 journals published throughout the world. In addition to key historical journals from virtually every major country, Historical Abstracts covers hundreds of journals in the social sciences and humanities that are of special interest to researchers and students of history.

  • Periodicals Index Online
    Periodicals Index Online

    Periodicals Index Online is an electronic index to the contents of thousands of periodicals in the humanities and social sciences, from their first issues to 1990/1991. Every article is indexed. The scope is international, including journals in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and other Western languages. PCI Web currently indexes over six million articles in 1,595 journals. Every year, it adds records for more than two million more articles. It will grow to encompass 3,500 journals and fifteen million individual articles.

  • Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature. (Minneapolis : H. W. Wilson Co., 1905- )
    SML Starr Main Reference Rm, Index Case AI1 R43 (LC)
    Readers' Guide Abstracts Full Text
  • Readers’ Guide Retrospective
    Readers' Guide Abstracts Full Text is a database containing comprehensive indexing and abstracting of more than 240 of the most popular general interest periodicals published in the United States and Canada, plus the full text of over 120 of those periodicals. It covers news, current events, and all subject areas, including business, fashion, politics, crafts, food, education, sports, history, and science. The abstracts average 125 words in length. Two types of abstracts are included. Informative abstracts convey the content, scope, and complexity of the source article, and are the predominant form used. Indicative abstracts describe the subject of the source article and are reserved for how to articles, humorous essays, personal accounts, and recipes. Full-text coverage begins in January 1994 for most titles. Indexes popular magazines and journals throughout the 20th Century.  For earlier citations, see the Nineteenth Century Readers Guide to Periodical Literature (SML, Starr Main Reference Rm AI3 R43 LC) and Poole's Index to Periodical Literature (SML, Starr Main Reference Rm AI3 +P658 (LC) Room, Index Case).

  • Wilson Web (Bronx, N.Y.: H.W. Wilson )
    A collection of periodical indexing databases covering the Arts, Humanities, Sciences, and Social Sciences. You can search the databases separately, or use WilsonWeb's Check Relevant Databases feature at the bottom of the initial search screen to
    search across multiple databases simultaneously.

  • Subject Specific Indexes
    • Art Index. (New York, H.W. Wilson Jan. 1929/Sept. 1932-)
      SML Starr Main Reference Rm Z5937 +A78 (LC)
      ART/ARCHITECTURE Reference, Index Z5937 C65 (LC)
      Art Abstracts and Art Index Retrospective
      The online versions of Art Abstracts and Art Index have identical coverage with the exception of the addition of abstracts in the Art Abstracts database (since1994). Both publications have a start date of September 1984 and index approximately 313 periodicals. Includes periodicals, yearbooks, museum bulletins, competition and award notices, exhibition listings, interviews, film reviews, and more. The print volumes of Art Index begin in 1929.

    • ATLA. (Evanston, Il : American Theological Library Association)
      ATLA Religion Database
      The ATLA Religion Database is a comprehensive database designed to support religious and theological scholarship in graduate education and faculty research. The file contains citations from international titles and 13,000 multi-author works in and related to the field of religion. It also includes a full range of index citations to journal articles, essays in multi-author works, book reviews, and Doctor of Ministry projects from ATLA's print indexes: Religion Index One (RIO), Religion Index Two (R IT), and Index to Book Reviews in Religion (IBRR). Though coverage is from1949 to the present, not all publications begin in 1949.

    • Bibliography of the History of Art. Santa Monica, Calif. : J. Paul Getty Trust, ; Vandoeuvre-Nancy, France : Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1973-.
      ART/ARCHITECTURE Reference Z5931 +B538 (LC)
      the Bibliography of the History of Art
      Contains records describing the current literature of art, including books, museum and exhibition catalogs, Festschriften, congress and symposium proceedings, dissertations, and journal articles in more than 3,000 periodicals. Produced by the Getty Information Institute (formerly the Getty Art History Information Program) and the Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique (INIST). BHA incorporates the art indexes RILA (International Repertory of the Literature of Art) and RAA (Repertoire d'art et d'archeologie). Updated quarterly.

    • Black Studies Database: Kaiser index to Black resources (1948/1986). (Baltimore, MD : National Information Services Corporation, c1997-)
      Black Studies Database
      The Black Studies Database, the electronic version of the celebrated Kaiser Index to Black Periodicals, includes more than 170,000 citations drawn from significant and influential journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, pamphlets and reports relevant to the Black experience from 1948-1986. This valuable resource covers events critical to the study of Black life and culture outside of Africa including notable figures in Black history, culture, and sports; the Civil Rights Movement, the growth of the NAACP and the National Urban League; the Southern Christian Leadership Conference; jazz and soul music; and much more.Coverage is from 1948 to 1986 and continuing; a substantial effort is underway to bring coverage up to date.

    • GenderWatch (Stamford, CT : SoftLine Information 1978-June 1998-)
      GenderWatch is a full text database of publications that focus on the impact of gender across a broad spectrum of subject areas including business, education, literature and the arts, health sciences, history, political science, public policy, sociology and contemporary culture, and gender and women's studies. Publications include academic and scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, regional publications, books, booklets and pamphlets, conference proceedings, and government, n-g-o and special reports.

    • ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) (Boston, MA: Silverplatter Information Services, 1966- )
      ERIC online
      The Educator’s Reference Desk
      The Gateway to Educational Materials (GEM)
      ERIC documents are available on microfiche in the SML Microtext Center.

    • Ethnic Newswatch. (Stamford, CT: Softline Information, [1998- )
      Ethnic Newswatch
      Ethnic NewsWatch is a full-text collection of the newspapers, magazines and journals of the ethnic, minority and native press. The collection of articles, editorials, columns, and reviews provide a broad diversity of perspectives and viewpoints. Free text searching and complete indexing are available in English and Spanish language. The general categories of ethnic groups represented in the Ethnic NewsWatch database are: African American/Caribbean/African, Arab/Middle Eastern, Asian/Pacific Island, European/Eastern European, Hispanic, Jewish, Multi-ethnic, Native Peoples

    • Film Literature Index. v.1- 1973- (Albany, NY: Filmdex, 1974-)
      SML, Starr Main Reference Rm, Annex  Z5784 M9 F55 (LC)
      Film Index International
      Film Literature Index The major index to film criticism from 1974 to the present. Indexes over 300 international film periodicals. Film title, personal name, and subject indexes are included. Film Literature Index also includes critical articals on television and video (section two).For earlier scholarship, consult the Retrospective Index to Film Periodicals, below.

    • International Index To Film Periodicals (New York: R. R. Bowker, 1972- )
      Available through FIAF
      International Index to Film Periodicals
      SML, Starr Main Reference Rm, Annex Z5784 M9 +I582 (LC)
      A subject index to articles, biographies, and reviews found in international periodicals which covers 1972-present. Articles about both film and televsion programs are included in the database. The CD-ROM is published by FIAF (International Federation of Film Archives).

    • MLA Bibliography (New York: Modern Language Association of American, 1921- )
      SML, Starr Main Reference Rm, Index Case Z7006 M63 (LC)
      MLA Bibliography online
      Literature Online with MLA
      The MLA Bibliography indexes critical materials on literature, languages, linguistics, and folklore, excluding book reviews. The database (online and CD-ROM) provides access to citations from over 4,000 journals and series published worldwide, as well as books, essay collections, working papers, proceedings, dissertations, and bibliographies. The print volumes go back to 1921 and the database covers from 1963 to the present. The MLA Bibliography continues the Modern Language Association Annual Bibliography. For earlier volumes, check the SML Card Catalog under "Modern Language Association."

    • PAIS (Public Affairs Information Service). (New York : Public Affairs Information Service, 1986-1990.)
      PAIS online
      SML, Starr Main Reference Rm, Index Case Z7163 P83 (LC)
      MUDD, Social Science Collection Z7163 P83 (LC)
      PAIS and PAIS Periodical and Publishers Index
      PAIS International covers the literature of public affairs including political, economic and social issues. It contains references to articles, books, government documents, statistical directories, research reports, conference reports and publications of international agencies. Publications from more than 60 countries are included. Materials indexed are in English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish. Coverage begins in 1974.

    • Studies on Women Abstracts (<Abingdon, Oxfordshire> : Carfax Pub. Co., <c1983- )
      SML Reference, HQ1180 S78 (LC)

    • Women's Resources International (Baltimore, MD: National Information Services Corp. (NISC), c1989,1996- )
      Women's Resources International
      Women's Resources International is a collection of nine electronic files with 127,000 records pertaining to women's studies.
      WRI includes the following sources:
      Women Studies Abstracts (1972-present)
      Women's Studies Database (1972-present)
      European Women from the Renaissance to Yesterday: a Bibliography (1610-present)
      New Books on Women and Feminism (1987-present)
      WAVE: Women's Audiovisuals in English: A Guide to Nonprint Resources in Women's Studies (1985-1990)
      Women, Race and Ethnicity: A Bibliography (1970-1990)
      The History of Women and Science, Health and Technology: A Bibliographic Guide to the Professions and Disciplines (1970-1995)
      Women of Color and Southern Women: A Bibliography of Social Science Research (1975-present)
      Women's Health and Development: An Annotated Bibliography (1995)

    Other Reference Sources
    • The Select Bibliography of Reference Sources discusses various encyclopedias, bibliographies, biographies, journals, newspapers, manuscripts and archives, and government publications of interest to Canadian Studies.
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    This file last modified 04/15/08
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