Glossary of Library Terms
- An abbreviated, accurate representation of a work, usually without added
interpretation or criticism, accompanied by a bibliographic reference to the
original work when appearing separately from it.
- 1. A compendium, usually an annual, of statistics and facts, both current
and retrospective. May be broad in geographical and subject coverage, or limited
to a particular country or state or to a special subject. 2. An annual containing
miscellaneous matter, such as a calendar, a list of astronomical events, planting
tables, astrological predictions, and anecdotes.
- 1. The study of books as physical objects, as a means of determining the
history and transmission of texts. 2. The art of correctly describing books
with respect to authorship of the work(s) they contain, editions, physical form,
etc. 3. A list of works, documents, and/or bibliographic items, usually with
some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject,
or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents
are not restricted to the holdings of a single collection, library, or group
- 1. A file of bibliographic records, created according to specific and uniform
principles of construction and under the control of an authority file, which
describes the materials contained in a collection, library, or group of libraries.
2. In a wider sense, a list of materials prepared for a particular purpose,
e.g., an exhibition catalog, a sales catalog.
- 1. A note referring to a work from which a passage is quoted or to some sources
as authority for a statement of proposition. 2. Especially in law books, a quotation
from, or a reference to, statutes, decided cases, or other authorities.
- An organized collection of computer records, standardized in format and content,
that is stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. It is the basic
set of data from which computer-readable files are created. In the database,
all records are interrelated by some common denominator.
- Dictionary catalog
- A catalog in which all the entries (author, title, subject, series, etc.)
and their related references are arranged together in one alphabet. The subarrangement
frequently varies from the strictly alphabetical.
- A book or set of books containing informational articles on subjects in every
field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work
limited to a special field or subject. Synonymous with cyclopedia.
- Finding aid
- In archives, documents which provide direction to information contained in
other documents. Basic finding aids include guides (general or subject), inventories,
local registers, card catalogs and files, shelf and box lists, indexes of various
kinds, calendars, and (for machine-readable records) software documentation.
- In archives, a finding aid which at the repository level briefly describes
and indicates the relationships between holdings, with record groups, papers,
collections, or comparable bodies of material as the units of entry. Guides
may also be limited to the description of the holdings of one or more repositories
relating to particular subjects, periods, or geographical areas.
- A systematic guide to the contents of a file, document, or group of documents,
consisting of an ordered arrangement of terms or other symbols representing
the contents and references, code numbers, page number, etc., for accessing
- 1. In cataloging, a nonserial bibliographic item, i.e., an item either complete
in one part or complete, or intended to be completed, in a finite number of
separate parts. 2. A systematic and complete treatise on a particular subject.
- 1. An independent publication consisting of a few leaves of printed matter
fastened together but not bound; usually enclosed in paper covers. 2. As defined
by Unesco, a complete, unbound nonperiodical publication of at least 5 but not
more than 48 pages, exclusive of the cover. [At Yale, sometimes defined as 75
pages or less]. Also called a brochure. 3. A brief controversial treatise on
a topic of current interest, usually religious or political, common in England
from the 16th to the 18th century.
- A serial appearing or intended to appear indefinitely at regular or stated
intervals, generally more frequently than annually, each issue of which is numbered
or dated consecutively and normally contains separate articles, stories, or
other writings. Newspapers disseminating general news, and the proceedings,
papers, or other publications of corporate bodies primarily related to their
meetings, are not included in this term.
- 1. A publication in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical
or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. Serials
include periodicals; newspapers; annuals (reports, yearbook, etc.); the journals,
memoirs, proceedings, transactions, etc., of societies; and numbered monographic
series. 2. In computer science, the sequential execution of tasks or operations
or the sequential handling of data.
- 1. A compilation of terms showing synonymous, hierarchical, and other relationships
and dependencies, the function of which is to provide a standardized, controlled
vocabulary for information storage and retrieval. Its component parts are an
index vocabulary and a lead-in vocabulary. 2. A lexicon, especially of synonyms
and antonyms in classified order.
Source: The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science. 1983.
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