Menachem Birnbaum was born in 1893 in Vienna. He was an Austrian book illustrator and portrait painter. Birnbaum was the second son of the Zionist and Jewish philosopher Nathan Birnbaum and the brother of fellow artist and bookmaker Uriel. Birnbaum lived in Berlin from 1911 until 1914 and again from 1919 until 1933. He then emigrated to the Netherlands. In the spring of 1943 he was arrested by the Gestapo and with his relatives sent to a Polish concentration camp. Birnbaum probably died in Auschwitz in 1944. His works include Das Hohe Lied (The High Song) from Berlin in 1912; Der Aschmedaj (Newspaper), Berlin-Warsaw 1912; Chad Gadjo, Berlin 1920.