books and other materials in the Aramaic language. Aramaic
was the language of the Arameans, a nation north of ancient Israel.
It became, however, the international language of the ancient Near
East and was the spoken language of the Jews in post-biblical times.
Many Jewish prayers and important texts such as the Talmud are in
the soul of a deceased person that enters the body of someone who
is alive. It is also the name of one of the most well known
Yiddish plays. The play by S. An-ski (1863-1920) uses this folk
belief as the basis of its tale of doomed lovers in a small town
in Eastern Europe.
being in human form magically created through kabbalistic (mystical)
formulas. The most famous one is attributed in popular legend
to Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel who was the leader of the Jewish
community of Prague in the16th century. According to legend,
Rabbi Loew created a golem so that it might fight Israels
enemies, but it became such a destructive force that in the end
it had to be destroyed.
- biblical book, attributed in Jewish tradition to the prophet Jeremiah,
which bemoans the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians in
Haggadah - compilation of biblical passages, prayers, hymns,
and rabbinic literature which was probably assembled sometime during
the early post-biblical period in Palestine and is meant to be read
during the Passover Seder, a ceremonial meal held in Jewish homes
to commemorate the Israelite redemption from Egypt in biblical times.
first five books of the Bible. These books (Genesis,
Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) are called the Torah in
biblical book known in Hebrew as Tehilim. It is composed of
prayers in poetic form.
queries addressed to great rabbinic scholars over the generations
concerning issues of halakhah (Jewish law). This vast body
of literature, which consists of both questions and answers, forms
the basis of Jewish religious case law.
of Songs- biblical book also known as the Song of Solomon and
Canticles. It consists of love poetry in which two lovers express
their longing and love for each other. According to Jewish
tradition it is attributed to King Solomon but the dating and authorship
of this book is uncertain.