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Historical Newspapers from 19th century Mexico

These historical newspapers are housed in various locations throughout the Library. Please consult title for location.

  • Ajusco
  • Chihuahua
  • Ciudad Victoria
  • Durango
  • Galeana
  • Guadalajara
  • Hermosillo
  • Jalapa
  • Matagorda
  • Matamoros
  • Merida
  • Mexico City
  • Monterrey
  • Oaxaca
  • Parral
  • Puebla
  • Puerto de la Paz
  • Queretaro
  • Saltillo
  • San Cristoval
  • San Luis Potosi
  • Santa Anna
  • Sinaloa
  • Tampico
  • Toluca
  • Tula
  • Victoria de Durango
  • Zacatecas

  • See Also: Newspapers and Newspaper Indexes at Yale



    Ciudad Victoria (Tamaulipas)

    • Atalaya

      (1834-1836) This thrice-weekly newspaper provides a view of the struggle over Texan independence from a border state that felt the direct effects of the conflict. Sometimes the official state newspaper and sometimes not, Atalaya’s coverage is nearly always favorable to Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and a strong central government, an unusual stance for provincial newspapers of the period. Contains some poetry as well as detailed coverage of both state and federal legislative sessions that directly affect Tamaulipas.

    • El Defensor del Tamaulipas

      (1847-1848) This newspaper in the capital of a border state provides a Mexican perspective on the Mexican-American War and the treaty negotiations that cost Mexico half its territory. It contains strong criticism of Mexican army and support for state militias. It is also interesting for a romance novel that appears in installments in several issues.

    • Gaceta del Gobierno del Estado de las Tamaulipas
    • Guia del Pueblo
    • La Oliva

      (1841) This bi-weekly border newspaper provides a look at independent Texas from across the border, documenting the unease that led up to the Mexican-American war. It also covers the ongoing struggles between Indians and settlers as well as instructions for raising cotton.

    • El Tribuno del Pueblo






    • Boletin de Noticias

      (1847) This weekly newspaper on an important trade route in Mexico’s most important coffee-growing region provides a useful perspective on the U.S. invasion of Mexico. Guerrilla activities and the actions of Mexico’s displaced government in Queretaro receive extensive coverage.




    Mexico City


    • Boletin Oficial
    • Organo Oficial de Nuevo Leon
    • Seminario Politico del Gobierno de Nuevo Leon
    • El Astro Moreliano

      (1829-1830) Declaring itself a source of illustration and a forum of discussion for the people of the state of Michoacan, this semi-weekly newspaper summarizes the debates of the state legislature and national news affecting the state. Discussions demonstrate the limitations and varying understandings of what a federal form of government meant in the early days of the republic, especially in regulating commerce and travel and in oversight of local elections. It was published on the state press, but appears to be private undertaking.




    Puerto de La Paz (Baja California)


    • Diablo Verde
    • Federalista

      (1849) With the motto “Federation and Order,” this weekly published state decrees while keeping readers informed of events across the country as reported in other newspapers. Political and election news fills the columns, along with exhortations to vote. The newspaper also published the work of local poets.


    San Cristoval

    San Luis Potosi

    Santa Anna






    • American Eagle
    • Diario Mercantil de Veracruz
    • El Ferrocarril
    • El Genio de la Libertad
    • El Locomotor
    • El Mercurio
    • (1827) Its location in Mexico’s most important Caribbean part assured that El Mercurio was always the first to receive news from abroad and that its summaries of foreign news were widely quoted in newspapers throughout the country. Only three editions of this important newspaper exist in the Yale collection. However, they provide important information about this significant voice in the press of the early Mexican republic. El Mercurio used many more graphics than other newspapers of its era and placed weather and business news on the front page at a time when most newspapers put political news first. Detailed cargo summaries provide an excellent source of information about trade. These issues also contain details of a French debate on press law, apparently reflecting Mexico’s concerns about its own press.

    • Noticioso Comercial y Cientifico
    • El Veracruzano Libre
    • (1827) An anti-Masonic daily that reflects the growing suspicion of foreign influence in the new republic, the newspaper also utilized its position in the nation’s major port to cover international news, as transmitted by arriving ships carrying foreign newspapers. It also kept careful track of shipping news and local labor news, including disputes at the local theater company that provide insight into daily life in the early republic. Because of its location, the newspaper was able to carefully chronicle the rise of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.

    Victoria de Durango


    • La Crisis
    • (1861) The single issue of this weekly newspaper available in the Yale archives provides a clear example of rural lawlessness in an article about a highwayman named Lozada.

    • El Regenerador
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    This file last modified: February 17, 2011
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