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Overview  |  18th Century  |  19th Century  |  20th Century  |  Credits

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Ulrich B. Phillips to C. Vann Woodward
The social and academic scene became more integrated as the residential college system replaced the eating clubs and other elite groups, with the exception of the the secret societies. The emphasis on research brought new professors from the South in the 1930s. The faculty of the History and English departments benefited greatly from this infusion of southerners. Among the new names were Ulrich Bonnell Phillips, a historian of the Old South; David M. Potter (GRD '36), student of Phillips and a historian of America and the South; Mary Wright, a historian of China and the first woman to be tenured at Yale; Cleanth Brooks, a literary critic; Robert Penn Warren (M.A. '28), an author and poet. Phillips and Potter were influential in shaping the discipline of American history, while Brooks and Warren, through their founding of the school of literary criticism known as New Criticism, reshaped the way students read literature. The presence of these luminaries attracted more southern minds, such as one of America's most distinguished historians, Sterling Emeritus Professor C. Vann Woodward who replaced Potter in 1961.