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Archival Papers in the Music Library of Yale University

Research Tools

Yale University Music Library, P.O. Box 208320, New Haven, CT 06520-8320

Tel: (203) 432-0492, Fax:(203) 432-7231

Introduction § Access and Finding Aids § Alphabetical Index
The Checklist § Reproduction of Materials


Archival documents are the mosaic of history. It has only been in recent decades that American music libraries have emphasized the collection and preservation of artifacts documenting American musical life. That is not surprising, for until recently the nation's musical scholars had concentrated on the lives and music of European composers. With today's attention to American composers -- classical and popular -- our libraries need to collect the primary source materials for histories of the nation's musical life in all of its aspects.

Yale's Music Archives was founded formally in 1972, though at that time the Music Library already held a few unprocessed archival collections, most notably that of Charles Ives, a gift to Yale by his widow, Harmony Ives, in 1956. Although John Kirkpatrick had published in 1960 his astounding catalogue of Ives's music manuscripts, the papers generally had not received modern archival processing by 1972, when the Music Library's staff studied and adopted the archival methods of the University Library's Manuscripts and Archives Department and became, in essence, the musical branch thereof. Once the archival program was established and publicized, it was not difficult to make significant additions. Musicians or their families would contact the Music Library, Yale doctoral candidates would introduce the music librarian to the subjects of their dissertations, or the music librarian would seek out persons who played significant roles in the development and life of American music.

Seventy-four collections or sets of papers have been acquired over the years, ranging in size from a half foot to an estimated hundred and twenty feet. Fifty-one have been processed to date, and registers of their contents can be purchased. Most of the unprocessed papers have at least a partial inventory of their contents and can be made available for research.

The papers of a composer normally consist of autograph or copyists' manuscripts or photocopies thereof, published works, correspondence, reviews, programs, and photographs, and often financial records and music of other composers. Processing consists of arranging the papers by topic, entering each item in the register, placing the items in acid-free folders, deacidifying and/or encasing fragile papers in Mylar, placing the folders in acid-free boxes, and storing them in a temperature- and humidity-controlled area. The register, serving as a finding tool, identifies the box and folder number of each item.

The main strengths of the Music Library's archival holdings are American music and German music between the two World Wars. Within those groups are composers and performers of classical music, composers for the musical theater, and jazz performers and arrangers.

Individual manuscripts, not part of a collection or a person's papers, are classed separately in a category designated Miscellaneous Manuscripts.

It has been the generosity of dozens of donors that has made the Music Archives possible. Only a very few collections have been acquired by purchase. Dealings with these donors have often resulted in warm friendships and have been especially rewarding for the staff of the Music Library.

When a library accepts a person's papers, it simultaneously takes on a responsibility to promote the person's works by encouraging research on them. The following brief descriptive paragraphs for the Music Library's seventy-four sets of archival papers have been written for that purpose.

Harold E. Samuel, Music Librarian
New Haven, February 1994

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Access to the collections, hours, and appointments.

Finding Aids to cataloged collections are available in paper form in the Music Library from the Assistant Music Librarian for Public Services.  Some are shelved in the Reference Collection.  Selected finding aids may be viewed online from the Yale University Library Finding Aid Database, or from the hyperlinks below. 

Alphabetical Index

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The Checklist

MSS 1 - The Love Family Papers; 3'
Approximately 1,400 letters and cards spanning the years 1888-1960 and addressed to Lucy Cleveland Prindle Love and to her daughter, Helen Douglas (Love) Scranton. The latter was the secretary to Franz Kneisel, the founder of the Kneisel Quartet. Among the strongly-represented musicians are Harold Bauer, David Bisphan, Teresa Carreño, Frank and Walter Damrosch, Rubin Goldmark, and Henry Holden Huss. A gift of William Gaines (Helen Scranton's cousin) in 1969.

MSS 2 - The Helen Wright Papers; .25'
Approximately 25 letters and 10 photographs of Myra Hess and Teresa Carreño addressed to Helen Madeline Wright, a former pupil of theirs. The material spans the years 1907-1954. A gift of Mrs. Arnold Hall in 1961.

MSS 3 - The Yale School of Music Papers; 8'
A collection of 550 letters spanning the years 1897-1950 and involving chiefly Horatio Parker, the New Haven Symphony, and prominent musical personalities of the day. More extensive papers of the School of Music await processing.

MSS 4 - The New Haven Music Club Papers; .5'
Three manuscript record books of the Club's activities from 1921 to 1946. The approximately twenty-five members of the Club, mostly local ladies, were all performers and held monthly recitals.

MSS 5 -  The New Haven Oratorio Society Papers; 5'
Created in 1903 by Horatio Parker, the Society was formed to promote musical culture, especially choral music, in New Haven and Connecticut. Included for the Society's ten-year existence are the records of the Secretary and Treasurer.
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MSS 6 - The Schneeloch Family Papers; 2'
These are the professional records of two New Haven sisters, Emma and Emilie Schneeloch, during their concert tours throughout the country from 1886 to 1893. Most of the travels were with the Gilmore Band. Included are letters, programs, photographs, and two diaries. Additional information about the sisters is in the Bacon-Schneeloch Family Papers, Manuscript Group Number 707, in the Manuscripts and Archives department of Yale's Sterling Memorial Library.

MSS 7 - The Richard Donovan Papers; 20'
Housed in thirty archival boxes, the Collection contains material from Donovan's long and active career as a composer, teacher, conductor, and important musical force in the New Haven area. Included are essentially all of his musical works (sketches, holographs, and published editions); about 300 letters, many with important musical personalities of the day; material dealing with the American Composers Alliance and the Yado festivals, with which he was highly active; photographs; programs, reviews, classroom notebooks; and photocopies or holographs of manuscripts of other composers. Donovan (1891-1970) was on the faculty of the Yale School of Music from 1928 to 1960.

MSS 8 - The Max Smith Papers; 12'
Smith (1874-1935) was a music critic for the New York Press (1903-1916) and the New York American (1916-1919, 1923) and a foreign music correspondent for the New York Herald Tribune. The Papers consist of about 250 letters, telegrams, and cards addressed to Smith by prominent musical personalities and about 30 communiques to Arturo Toscanini, with whom Smith had a friendship and business relationship for many years. Also included are copies of 14 letters by Josef Giehr to his parents during his studies in Rome with Franz Liszt (1879-80).

MSS 9 - John Carter Glenn Collection; 5'
A collection of 27 autographs and autograph letters signed, dating from 1886 to 1912, including letters of d'Albert, Tchaikovsky, Victor Herbert, Moskowsky, Paderewski, and Scharwenka.

MSS 10 - The Leo Ornstein Papers; 12'
Leo Ornstein, born in Russia in 1892 or 93, was active as a composer until shortly before his death 2002. The Papers include all known existing holographs of his long career as a composer (about 175 titles in a variety of instrumental and vocal forms), photographs, programs, correspondence, and reviews. After a highly active career as a composer related to the Futurist School and as a brilliant piano soloist, he retired from concert life and founded with his wife the Ornstein School of Music in Philadelphia. Vivian Perlis, in her research of 20th-century American music, brought Ornstein and his music back to the mainstream of concert life. The Music Library also has several sealed boxes of sketches that are not to be opened in Ornstein's lifetime.  See also the Poon Hill Press website for Ornstein's music available on the web.
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MSS 11 - The Ralph Kirkpatrick Papers; 22'
During his lifetime Ralph Kirkpatrick gave Yale two collections of material:

Over one hundred 20th-century works for harpsichord, including holograph, copyist, printed, and composer-facsimile editions, many either dedicated to or commissioned by Kirkpatrick.

Source materials, notes, and correspondence for his various editions and translations of his book Domenico Scarlatti and related publications.

He bequeathed to Yale his remaining papers, which include programs and reviews of his performances, his writings, correspondence, and photographs. His extensive library of books and scores has been dispersed: rare items have been processed for the Music Library's Rare Book Collection and some duplicates were sold at Sotheby's auctions in London in July and November 1988; non-rare items have been incorporated into the circulating collection or sold to another library. With the income from the sales an endowed book fund in Kirkpatrick's name was established, the income being used to purchase rare materials or for the general support of the Music Library. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 12 - The Sidney Rose Collection of Gilbert and Sullivan; 12'
The sixteen boxes of material were collected by Rose, who intended to write a history of Gilbert and Sullivan production in America. Included are newspaper and periodical articles pertaining to specific productions, revivals, and artists; production pictures; librettos, scores, and sheet music; and posters. Additional material concerning Gilbert and Sullivan, not a part of Rose's Collection, is in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.

MSS 13 - The Yale School of Music D.M.A. Papers; 89'
The Yale School of Music D.M.A. Papers contain dossiers documenting the professional activities of successful candidates for the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts. They cover a degree candidate's activities between receipt of the Master of Musical Arts degree and return for the D.M.A. degree. New dossiers are added each year.

MSS 14 - The Charles Ives Papers; 51'
The Ives Papers are in two parts:

The music is listed in James B. Sinclair's A Descriptive Catalogue of the Music of Charles Ives (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999).
The literary writings, correspondence, diaries, scrapbooks, photographs, writings about Ives, and Ives's collection of music by others are in a 198-page finding aid prepared by Vivian Perlis in 1983.

The Papers include essentially all of Ives's existing sketches, manuscripts, and published works.  See also the Charles Ives Society's website.

MSS 15 - The Quincy Porter Papers; 43'
Quincy Porter (1897-1966) was involved with the American Composers Alliance, the National Institute of Arts & Letters, the American Music Center, and the Yaddo festivals in addition to his professorships at the Cleveland Institute, Vassar College, the New England Conservatory, and Yale University (1946-66). He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for musical composition in 1954. In addition to his musical works, the Papers include an extensive correspondence, programs, scrapbooks, classroom papers, published articles, photographs, and music of other composers.
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MSS 16 - The Galeazzi Collection; 4.5'
The Collection was purchased from Marchesa Novella Castiglioni in Falconara (near Ancona) in 1971 by Harold E. Samuel while on sabbatic leave in Italy. It consists of 130 manuscripts and some printed material (added to the Rare Book Collection). Among the few dated manuscripts, the earliest is 1806, the latest 1898, thus spanning several generations of the Galeazzi family. The most prominent musician in the family was Francesco Galeazzi (1758-1819), the author of Elementi teorico-practici di musica (Rome, 1791-96), 2 volumes, which is important for its early description of sonata form. The Collection of manuscripts is rather evenly divided between vocal and instrumental music. Operatic excerpts, especially those of Donizetti, Rossini, and Verdi, make up the major portion.

MSS 17 - The Duane A. Davidson Papers; 4'
Davidson (1935-64), a pupil of Quincy Porter, won several awards for his compositions and enjoyed performances of his works in the United States and Europe during his short life. Other than reviews and programs, the Papers contain his musical works for a variety of media.

MSS 18 - The Zo Elliott Papers; 10'
"Zo" Elliott (1891-1964) was the composer of "There's a Long, Long Trail a Winding." The bulk of the Papers consists of sketches, scores, and material for his opera Top Sergeant. Also included are manuscripts of several popular songs, literary writings of Elliott, and small numbers of correspondence, clippings, and photographs. Elliott was especially interested in the history of John Brown.

MSS 19 - The Marie Corelli Collection; .5'
Corelli (1855-1924) was a prominent British poet and melodramatic author. She was also a pianist and composer. The collection consists of eight holographs of her songs, twenty song settings of her texts by various composers (several are manuscript copies), and miscellaneous items. Corelli's literary works and correspondence are in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.

MSS 20 - The Armin Loos Papers; 6'
Loos (1904-1971) immigrated to the United States from Dresden in 1928. He was an evening and weekend composer, living much of his life in New Britain, Connecticut. Few of his works were performed during his lifetime. His widow has been successful in promoting them after his death. The bulk of the Papers consist of his musical works, including five string quartets and four symphonies. The Library has tapes of performances of thirteen of Loos's works. An early encouragement to Loos was the award of second prize in a WPA-sponsored choral competition in 1938, in which William Schuman received first prize, David Diamond third, and Elliott Carter fifth.
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MSS 21 - The J. Rosamond Johnson Papers; 8'
John Rosamond Johnson (1873-1954) and his brother, James Weldon Johnson, composed and wrote the lyrics for "Lift Every Voice and Sing," considered to be the "black national anthem." The two brothers and Bob Cole collaborated on more than two hundred songs during their seven years of existence as the Cole and Johnson Brothers. Rosamond had a remarkable career. He studied at the New England Conservatory, was a conductor in London, an officer in the United States Army, a founding member of ASCAP, toured as a pianist with Taylor Gordon, played in movies, was active in vaudeville, and created the role of Lawyer Frazier in Porgy and Bess. His Papers include musical manuscripts, published works, correspondence, programs, clippings, and photographs. James Weldon's Papers are in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.

MSS 22 - The H. Leroy Baumgartner Papers; 3'
Baumgartner (1891-1968) taught composition and music theory in the Yale School of Music from 1919 to 1960. His collection consists almost entirely of his music, most of which was written for the church: works for solo voice, solo organ, and chorus.

MSS 23 - The Camp Collection of the Music of Louis Spohr; 4.5'
Charles Lewis Nichols Camp, a New Haven bibliophile, amassed an extensive collection of the works of Louis Spohr (1784-1859), in early printed editions and in copyists' hands. The collection came to Yale as a bequest after Camp's death in 1922.

MSS 24 - The Marshall Bartholomew Papers; 11'
Marshall Bartholomew (1885-1978) was director of the Yale Glee Club and of undergraduate musical activities at Yale from 1921 to 1953. He founded the International Student Musical Council in 1931 to promote international good will through singing, and he served in various relief capacities during both World Wars. All of his life he was especially active as a composer and arranger of songs for singing groups. His final major project was research into the history of music at Yale in preparation for a book on the subject, which was not completed. All of these activities are represented in his Papers. (Partially processed)

MSS 25 - The Leonard Burkat Papers; 3'
Leonard Burkat (1919-1992) was active as an assistant to Charles Munch, an administrator for Tanglewood, and head of the Columbia Records Masterworks label. The collection consists of correspondence with well-known musicians accumulated during his career. The largest correspondences are with Samuel Barber, Leonard Bernstein, Aaron Copland, Henri Dutilleux, Lukas Foss, Charles Munch, and Francis Poulenc.
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MSS 26 - The Carl Ruggles Papers; 39'
The relatively small output of Ruggles (1876-1971) is represented in his Papers by fourteen songs, seventeen other works, and hundreds of pages of sketches. There are also several works by other composers; a large amount of correspondence to and from Ruggles, including correspondence with Henry Cowell, Lou Harrison, Charles Ives, and Edgard Varese; a vast number of programs and clippings; photographs; and Ruggles's paintings.

MSS 27 - The Gustav Jakob Stoeckel Papers; 3'
The composer and first Professor of Music at Yale, Gustav Jakob Stoeckel (1819-1907), was born in Bavaria. His association with Yale began in 1855 as "Organist and Chapel Master." His appointment as Professor of Music did not occur until 1890, a few years before his retirement and near the time when Yale began offering a degree in music. The Papers include Stoeckel's six operas and other musical and non-musical works.

MSS 28 - The Hershy Kay Papers; 17'
In addition to original compositions of Hershy Kay (1919-81), the papers include Kay's arrangements of compositions by George Gershwin, Noel Coward, Carl Maria von Weber, Joseph Haydn, J.S. Bach, Claude Debussy, and several 15th - and 16th-century composers. Seventeen ballets document Kay's collaboration with choreographers Joe Layton, George Balanchine, and Eliot Feld. Supplementing the music manuscripts are programs, clippings, photographs, and writings. There is no correspondence.

MSS 29-MSS 29A - The Virgil Thomson Papers; 183'
The Thomson Papers are in two sections: 72 linear feet of his music manuscripts, correspondence, and financial records given by Thomson (1896-1989) from 1978 to 1984 (cataloged as MSS 29), and about the same amount bequeathed to Yale University (cataloged as MSS 29A).  Essentially all of Thomson's music (sketches, holographs, and publications) is included, as is his extensive correspondence (over a hundred archival boxes) with American and French artists in a variety of media, financial records beginning with his student days at Harvard, prose writings about Thomson, hundreds of photographs, and numerous works (published and copies of manuscripts) of other composers. The two parts have separate finding aids. Thomson collaborated with Gertrude Stein on two of his operas, so researchers may also be interested in the Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas Papers at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.  See also the Virgil Thomson Foundation's website.

MSS 30 - The Papers of Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya; 47'
The Papers of Kurt Weill (1900-1950) and Lotte Lenya (1898-1981) were the gift of the latter in 1980 and by bequest in 1981. The inclusive dates of the Papers are 1890-1984, from their years in Germany through their careers in the United States. Few holograph scores from Weill's European years are included, though his publisher at that time, Universal Edition, gave Yale copies of the original manuscripts held by Universal, which are now on deposit at the Sibley Library of the Eastman School of Music.  The American works are essentially complete and are supplemented by correspondence, programs, clippings, photographs, and personal documents representing the careers of Weill and Lenya. The Kurt Weill Foundation for Music, Inc., maintains a Weill/Lenya Research Center in New York City, which is an information center for conductors, performers, and producers. The Foundation has materials not included in the Yale collection.
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MSS 31 - The David Stanley Smith Papers; 21'
A pupil of Horatio Parker, the composer Smith (1877-1949) was in the class of 1900 at Yale College and began teaching at the School of Music in 1903. He succeeded Parker as Dean in 1920. The bulk of the Papers comprise his musical works, covering a broad range of genres. Small amounts of correspondence, clippings, programs, photographs, and writings by and about Smith complete the collection.

MSS 32 - The Horatio Parker Papers; 33'
Parker (1863-1919) was the first Dean of Yale's School of Music, serving from 1904 until his death. The bulk of the Papers were a gift of his widow in 1923. Parker's output as a composer is essentially complete in the Papers, which include holographs as well as manuscripts in other hands and published works. The remainder of the papers contain correspondence, programs, clippings, writings by Parker, and biographical information.

MSS 33 - The Lowell Mason Papers; 9'
The core of the Music Library's Rare Book Department is the Lowell Mason Library, which was a gift to Yale by Mason's family in 1873, a year after Mason's death. The Papers contain holograph and manuscript music by Mason (1792-1872) and others, correspondence, programs, clippings, writings, biographical information, and memorabilia. Included are some papers of Mason's son, William (1829-1908).

MSS 34 - The Parker Bailey Papers; 3'
Parker Bailey (1902-1982) came to Yale College in 1919 to study with Horatio Parker, who died that year. He studied instead with David Stanley Smith from 1920 to 1925, with Quincy Porter from 1925 to 1930, and with Roger Sessions. Following his musical studies he received an LL.B degree from the Cornell Law School in 1934 and practiced law the remainder of his life. His Papers contain correspondence, contracts, literary writings, programs, clippings, photographs, and his holograph and published musical works.

MSS 35 - The Henry Gilbert Papers; 37'
Henry Gilbert (1868-1928) achieved distinction not only as a composer and lecturer, but also as an editor and writer whose articles appeared in many journals. The inclusive dates of his Papers are from 1821 to 1980, though the bulk of material dates between the late 19th century and Gilbert's death in 1928. They contain holograph, manuscript and published music by Gilbert and others, correspondence with leading musicians of the day, clippings, programs, scrapbooks, diaries, financial and legal items, musical games, and writings by him and others. There is also music of his father, Benjamin Franklin Gilbert (1828-1894), and his uncle James L. Gilbert. Gilbert worked extensively with Arthur Farwell in the Wa-Wan Press. Folk songs, and in particular Afro-American music and Indian music, were sources of inspiration to Gilbert.
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MSS 36 - The Seymour Shifrin Papers; 26'
Seymour Jack Shifrin (1926-1979) studied composition with William Schuman, Otto Luening, and Darius Milhaud, and taught composition at the University of California at Berkeley and at Brandeis University. His Papers include his holograph, manuscript, and published music, correspondence, programs, clippings, his writings, photographs, and two manuscripts of Roger Sessions.

MSS 37 - The Samuel Gardner Papers; 4'
Gardner (1891-1984) studied with Charles Martin Loeffler, Felix Winternitz, Fritz Kneisel, and Percy Goetschius. He had a prominent career as a violinist in the well-known Kneisel Quartet, as a recitalist, and as a soloist with leading orchestras in the United States and Europe. Among his compositions are a Violin Concerto, which he premiered in 1918 with the Boston Symphony under Pierre Monteux, the Second String Quartet, for which he received a prize from the Pulitzer Foundation, and "From the Canebrake," his most familiar composition and still a standard encore piece for violinists. The Papers contain his music, correspondence, photographs, programs, and clippings.

MSS 38 - The Charles Shackford Papers; 10.4'
After bachelor and master degrees at Yale, where he studied with Paul Hindemith and Ralph Kirkpatrick, et al., Shackford (1918-1979) received a Ph.D. at Harvard, where he studied with Walter Piston and A. T. Davison and was a research fellow in acoustics. His longest teaching experience was at Connecticut College from 1964 to 1979, when he was killed in an automobile accident. The Papers include his compositions, correspondence, programs, photographs, and a body of writings on music theory and history and musical perception.

MSS 39 - The Papers of Lehman Engel; ca.45'
Lehman Engel (1910-1982) was a major figure in the American musical theater -- writing for it, conducting performances, and writing about it. Near the end of his career he led the BMI Workshops, training many aspiring Broadway musical composers. His Papers are a special enrichment of the archival holdings of Virgil Thomson, Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya, Harold Rome, and Charles Ives, with all of whom he had close contacts. A list of his correspondents is a who's who of the musical theater. His compositions cover a variety of media, though he was most attracted to theatrical works. (Partially catalogued).

MSS 40 - The Ernest Trow Carter Papers; 18'
To support himself, the composer and organist Ernest Trow Carter (1866-1953) had a career in law, during which he continued to compose and perform. He had a B.A. ('88) and an honorary Doctor of Music degree from Princeton, where he taught briefly at the turn of the century and served as editor of Princeton's song book, Carmina Princetonia, from 1887 to 1940. He composed a variety of vocal and instrumental works, including two operas and a ballet-pantomime. One of the operas was performed in Osnabrück, Germany, in 1927. In addition to his published and unpublished music, his Papers include correspondence, programs, clippings, photographs, articles by Carter, and financial documents.
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MSS 41 - The Papers of Alec Templeton; ca.24'
The blind Welsh-born pianist and composer Alec Templeton (1909-1963) was a well-known radio performer and a frequent guest of symphony orchestras, especially for fund raisers. He was remarkably successful with improvisation and humorous parodies, "Bach Goes to Town" being his best-known work. His Papers include his compositions (chiefly instrumental), his correspondence, photographs, awards, secretarial diaries, and financial records. (Not yet catalogued)

MSS 42 - The Leo Schrade Papers; ca.6'
The Papers of the German musicologist Leo Schrade (1903-1964) consist almost exclusively of his tenure on the Yale faculty from 1938 to 1958, when he returned to Europe and was appointed to the music faculty of the University of Basel. They include lectures, research notes, committee minutes, and correspondence. (Not yet catalogued)

MSS 43 - The Karl Young Papers; 7.5'
The Collection consists chiefly of notes and photocopies of sources collected for Young's (1879-1943) lifelong study of medieval drama. A Professor of English at Yale from 1923 until his death, he is the author of the well-known two-volume study The Drama of the Medieval Church (Oxford University Press, 1933). (Not yet catalogued)

MSS 44 - The Papers of Hilde Somer; ca.9'
The pianist Hilde Somer (1922-1979) came to the United States from Austria as a child prodigy and studied with Rudolf Serkin, Moritz Rosenthal, Wanda Landowska, and Claudio Arrau. She had an active career as recitalist and as a soloist with orchestras in Europe and America and gave première performances of piano concertos of John Corigliano, Alberto Ginastera (his Second Piano Concerto is dedicated to her), and Henry Brant. She often performed Scriabin's music with the accompaniment of colored laser lights projected onto a screen, as prescribed by Scriabin. The Papers include photocopies of composers' manuscripts with extensive performance instructions, correspondence, video tapes, scrapbooks, and clippings. (Not yet catalogued)

MSS 45 - The Papers of Dragan Plamenac; ca.6'
The entire library of the Yugoslavian musicologist Dragan Plamenac (1895-1983) was acquired by the Music Library. It consisted of about 5,000 volumes: 3,500 monographs, 700 volumes of practical music, 600 reels of microfilm and 500 rare books. These have been incorporated into the Music Library's collections. The Papers consist of correspondence, research notes, and classroom lectures and notes. (Not yet catalogued)
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MSS 46 - The Thomas de Hartmann Papers; 15'
Thomas de Hartmann (1886-1956) studied with Anton Arensky and Serge Taneieff in Russia before going to Munich to study conducting with Felix Mottl. In Munich he collaborated with Vasily Kandinsky in the composition of Der gelbe Klang. He left Russia permanently during the revolution and after many years in Paris immigrated to the United States in 1950. He was an ardent follower and collaborator of the philosopher Georges Ivanovitch Gurdjieff. His Papers include essentially all of his extant manuscript and printed music, as well as correspondence, programs, sketches, and literary writings.

MSS 47 - The Paul Hindemith Collection; 27'
Paul Hindemith (1895-1963) was Professor of Music at Yale from 1940 to 1953. Fourteen of Hindemith's autograph manuscripts are included in the Papers as gifts from his widow, Gertrude, and from friends and students. Other materials were collected by Luther Noss from former students and colleagues and consist of programs, reviews, student papers and compositions, correspondence, photographs, classroom papers, and published compositions and writings. See also the Papers of Kurt Stone (MSS 71) and the Hindemith Foundation's website.

MSS 48 - The Red Norvo Papers; 18'
The Papers of the percussionist Red Norvo (b. 1908) consist chiefly of arrangements for his big band in the 1930s. Most of the three-hundred arrangements are by Eddie Sauter (see MSS 64), who was Norvo's staff arranger at the time and played trumpet in the band. Some programs, reviews, letters, and photographs make up the remainder of the Papers. Norvo's wife, Mildred Bailey (1907-1951), is represented among the material. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 49 - The Harold Rome Papers; 46'
Harold Rome (1908-1993) is the composer and lyricist of the well-known musicals Pins and Needles, Call Me Mister, Fanny, Destry Rides Again, and I Can Get It for You Wholesale. These and other works, printed and in manuscript, are included in his Papers, along with numerous lyrics, correspondence, clippings, photographs, and seventy-five oil paintings and water colors.

MSS 50 - The Paul Bekker Papers; 27'
The Papers of the critic and writer on music Paul Bekker (21882-1937) include about 5,000 letters from seemingly everyone connected with the arts in Germany between the two world wars: composers, conductors, cultural organizations, concert and theatrical agents, publishers, and editors of newspapers and journals. Also included are copies of all of Bekker's books and articles, photographs, and correspondence with his family.
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MSS 51 - The Franz Schreker Collection; ca.12'
The main holdings of Schreker's papers are in European libraries. Yale's Papers were a gift of Schreker's daughter, Mrs. Haidy Schreker-Bures of Argentina. They include Schreker's personal copies of the scores of his last four operas, some manuscript music, his literary writings, personal documents, photographs, and clippings. Universal-Edition in Vienna has sent copies of the autograph manuscripts of four of Schreker's operas, and the Music Library has purchased numerous letters as they have come on the market. (Not yet catalogued.)

MSS 52 - The Frederick and Rose Plaut Papers; 28'
This collection consists of 35,688 photographs of recording artists, actors, writers, and statesmen taken by Fred Plaut (1907-1985) while he was a Recording Engineer for Columbia Records from the mid-1940s through the 1970s. Most of the negatives have contact sheets, and there are 3,591 enlargements. Each shot is listed with a unique number in the finding aid. An additional 23,256 negatives (most with contact sheets), 2218 enlargements, and several hundred slides taken during travels, are not catalogued. There is also correspondence to Fred and Rose Plaut (d. Feb. 1, 1992), a singer, from Francis Poulenc, Virgil Thomson, Ned Rorem, Aaron Copland, et al., and publications that have reproductions of Plaut photographs. Recording artists (musical and spoken) frequently requested Fred Plaut to do their recording. He would bring his camera to a recording session and request permission to shoot a role of film. All in all 657 persons have been identified, many in significant numbers (e.g., Leonard Bernstein 1,170 photographs, Robert Casadesus 437, Glenn Gould 393, Eugene Ormandy 387, Rudolf Serkin 1,283, and Igor Stravinsky 1,343).

MSS 53 - The Benny Goodman Papers; ca.120'
Benny Goodman (1909-1986) bequeathed to the Music Library all of his master tapes, his library of about 1500 arrangements, about 5,000 photographs, 40 scrapbooks and numerous other clippings, programs, awards, and memorabilia. The bequest includes the rights to unreleased recordings in the master tapes and to the arrangements. Selections from the tapes are being released on the Musicmasters label (ten  volumes as of 2006, a total of twelve is anticipated). A finding aid of the arrangements has been made, and copies of the arrangements can be purchased. (Partially catalogued)  See also the Benny Goodman Collection at the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts for 500 arrangements.

MSS 54 - The E. Robert Schmitz Papers; 12'
The French-born Elie Robert Schmitz (1889-1949) immigrated to the United States in 1918 after studies in Paris, service in the French army and a successful career as pianist and conductor. In the United States he and his wife, Germaine, founded the Franco-American Society in 1920, which was renamed Pro-Musica, Incorporated, in 1923. The aim was to promote new music, which it did through Pro-Musica's forty international chapters, offering concerts, lecture-recitals, and publications. Schmitz brought Ravel, Bartók, and Respighi to the United States for tours of the chapters and sponsored a variety of composers for American concerts and lectures, e.g., Hindemith, Schoenberg, Honegger, Milhaud, Roussel, Tansman, and Prokofiev. Pro-Musica sent the American composers Marion Bauer, Charles Tomlinson Griffes, and Louis Greenberg to its Paris chapter and the tenor Roland Hayes to Moscow and St. Petersburg. The Papers include correspondence and manuscript music by many of these persons, as well as business files of Pro-Musica and documentation of Schmitz's remarkable career as pianist and teacher.

MSS 55 - The Papers of Vladimir and Wanda Toscanini Horowitz; 69'
Mr. and Mrs. Horowitz began their gifts to the Music Library in August 1986, and Mrs. Horowitz continued the presentations until her death in 1998. The finding aid lists all of the material dealing with the career of Vladimir Horowitz (1903-1989) and Mrs. Horowitz's holdings of materials dealing with the career of her father, Arturo Toscanini. The latter includes many photographs, scrapbooks, correspondence, and memorabilia. The former includes correspondence, programs and program notes, photographs, clippings, contracts, schedules, financial documents, awards, and items from the library of Vladimir Horowitz, including autograph manuscripts of Robert Schumann and Felix Mendelssohn, and autograph letters of Liszt, Mendelssohn, Schumann, and Tchaikovsky.
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MSS 56 - The John Kirkpatrick Papers; 40'
Noted for his performances of American music, especially that of Charles Ives (see MSS 14) and Carl Ruggles (see MSS 26), pianist John Kirkpatrick (1905-1991) edited the music of and corresponded with many of the nation's composers, such as Henry Cowell, Roy Harris, Ross Lee Finney, Aaron Copland, and Elliott Carter, who are well represented in the vast correspondence. As a close friend of Ives and Ruggles and an authority on their music, Kirkpatrick collected information about them. The papers also document Kirkpatrick's outstanding career as a performer.

MSS 57 - The John Hammond Papers; ca. 12'
The legendary record producer and talent scout John Hammond (1910-1987) bequeathed papers to Yale as selected by his executors. What Yale received was a large amount of office correspondence and memoranda, dealing largely with the times, places, and contents of recording sessions at Columbia Records and the arrangements for and financing of the sessions. While the memos might document scouting visits, they normally do not include Hammond's evaluations. His Papers, combined with those of Fred Plaut (MSS 52), Leonard Burkat (MSS 25), and Goddard Lieberson (MSS 69), offer extensive information about the important activities of Columbia Records. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 58 - The James G. Barnett Papers; 5'
James G. Barnett (d. 1885) was active as a composer, conductor, and organist in Connecticut during the latter half of the nineteenth century. His Papers consist of his manuscript music (chiefly sacred vocal), a few programs, two of his essays and published compositions of John F. Barnett (two works) and John Barnett (one work), whose relationship with James G. is not known.

MSS 59 - The Slam Stewart Papers; 9'
Leroy Elliott "Slam" Stewart (1914-1987) was one of America's pre-eminent performers on double bass, appearing with Art Tatum, Billy Taylor, Erroll Garner, Benny Goodman, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, et al. The Papers include his well-known composition "Flat Foot Floogie," a few arrangements, programs, photographs, clippings, correspondence, awards, contracts, and financial materials. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 60 - The Ted Lewis Collection; ca.6'
The career of Ted Lewis (1891-1971) spanned six decades with performances in vaudeville, musical comedy, and films and on records, radio, and television. The bulk of text and pictorial material is in seven large scrapbooks. There are seventeen manuscript arrangements, numerous commercial recordings, and 27 half-hour radio programs that were never aired. (Partially catalogued)
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MSS 61 - The Leroy Anderson Papers; 16'
While Leroy Anderson's (1908-1975) undergraduate and graduate work at Harvard University emphasized German and Scandinavian languages, he became involved early on with music in the Boston area, especially the Harvard University Band and the Boston Pops Orchestra. As a composer he excelled in melody and orchestration and created such well-known works as Sleigh Ride, The Typewriter, Plink, Plank, Plunk, Blue Tango, and The Syncopated Clock. His Archives contain the manuscripts and published versions of these works and hundreds of others, his Broadway musical Goldilocks, scrapbooks, photographs, and private and commercial recordings. Some materials have not yet been received from his estate.  See also the Leroy Anderson official website.

MSS 62 - The Dance Archives: Stanley Dance and Helen Oakley Dance; ca.30'
The prominent jazz critic and author Stanley Dance (1910-1999) wrote for the leading jazz journals of England, France, and the United States. His monthly column "Lightly and Politely" appeared in Jazz Journal from 1948 to 1976. He worked especially closely with Duke Ellington and Earl Hines and wrote books about both of them, as well as about Count Basie. The Collection consists of his correspondence and writings, about 6,000 photographs of black jazz musicians, about 7,000 LP jazz recordings, his collection of jazz journals, and tapes of his interviews with over a hundred black jazz performers. Many of the papers of Helen Oakley Dance (1913-2001) are included in the above account. In addition there is the material collected for her book on T-bone Walker, her extensive writings in Downbeat and other jazz journals, and photographs and correspondence with prominent figures in the jazz and blues worlds during her long career. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 63 - The Marian McPartland Papers; ca.15'
The English-born Marian McPartland (b.1920) has been a major contributor to the Jazz world as a performer, composer, and writer, and with her popular program Piano Jazz, which has been a feature of National Public Radio for over fifteen years. She married the trumpeter Jimmy McPartland during World War II and immigrated to the United States in 1946. In New York City she had long stays at the Embers Club and the Hickory House. Her Papers include a collection of recordings of women jazz pianists, her own performances, her compositions, and photographs, correspondence, programs, and reviews. (Not yet catalogued)

MSS 64 - The Eddie Sauter Papers; ca.15'
Eddie Sauter (1914-1981) arranged for "Red" Norvo, Benny Goodman, and the Sauter-Finegan bands, among others, and did the arranging of the Broadway musicals 1776 and Superman. His original compositions included the movie score Mickey One, Focus Suite, and the Tanglewood Concerto. To date Yale has received from his estate the movie and Broadway scores, his original compositions, and fifteen dance-band arrangements, all autograph manuscripts. This material, combined with Sauter arrangements in the Library of "Red" Norvo (MSS 48) and the Benny Goodman Papers (MSS 53), comprise an unusually large collection of a jazz arranger's output. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 65 - The Kay Swift Papers; 15'
Kay Swift (1897-1993) is perhaps best remembered for her musical Fine and Dandy, which ran on Broadway in 1930 for 236 performances, and for her close relationship with George Gershwin. The Papers consist of everything in her possession at the time of her death: manuscripts of her music, private tapes and commercial recordings, correspondence, financial records, programs, reviews, and photographs.
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MSS 66 - The Deems Taylor Papers; ca.15'
Deems Taylor (1885-1966), the composer, critic, and writer on music, and President of ASCAP, was among America's most prominent musicians from the 1920s until his death. As intermission commentator for the popular Sunday radio broadcasts of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra from 1936 to 1943, his name became a household word. Research notes relating to the broadcasts, as well as his reviews for the New York World (1921-25) and the New York American (1931-32), are included in the Papers. They also contain the autograph manuscripts of most of his works (not his two operas The King's Henchman and Peter Ibbetson), extensive correspondence, a large number of photographs, and some recordings. With this acquisition Yale also received the papers of Taylor's second wife, the poet and playwright Mary Kennedy. They are in Yale's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 67 - The Newell Jenkins-Clarion Society Papers; ca.35'
The Society was founded in New York in 1957 by Newell Jenkins (1915-1996). Most of the music performed by the Society was in editions prepared by Jenkins from primary sources. Among the composers whose little-known works have been performed are Steffani, Cavalli, Monteverdi, Banchieri, Brunetti, and Sammartini. The Papers include several hundred microfilms of primary sources, photocopies prepared from the films, over 300 editions (scores and parts) prepared by Jenkins, and the correspondence and business files and programs of the Society. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 68 - The Isidor Achron Papers; 1.5'
The composer and pianist Isidor Achron (1892-1948) studied composition in St. Petersburg with Liadov before immigrating to the United States. From 1922 to 1933 he was accompanist to Jascha Heifetz. Achron performed his Piano Concerto with the New York Philharmonic in 1937. The Papers include many of Achron's compositions, his correspondence, programs, photographs (including many with Heifetz), and recordings, various papers of his wife, the singer Lea Karina, and two compositions of his brother, Joseph Achron (1886-1943). Among the music of other composers are holograph manuscripts of Castelnuovo-Tedesco and Nicolas Slonimsky.

MSS 69 - The Goddard Lieberson Papers; ca.35'
As President of Columbia Records, the composer Goddard Lieberson (1911-1977) was among the nation's most influential musical personalities from the 1940s to his death. His Papers, the gift of his widow, Vera Zorina, include essentially every Columbia LP recording issued during his tenure, twenty-five file drawers and nineteen additional boxes of correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, and the holograph manuscripts of his compositions. Lieberson engaged authors, poets, and public figures to do spoken recordings; their correspondence combined with that of musicians comprise one of the most remarkable correspondence files in the Yale Music Archives. Among the major correspondences are those with Samuel Beckett, Sir Thomas Beecham, Irving Berlin, Fanny Brice, Noel Coward, Henry Cowell, Nelson Eddy, Edna Ferber, Jose Ferrer, Ira Gershwin, John Gielgud, Sir Alec Guiness, Paul Hindemith, Jerome Kern, Andre Kostelanetz, Lotte Lehman, Lotte Lenya, Groucho Marx, W. Somerset Maugham, Darius Milhaud, Eugene Ormandy, Egon Petri, Gregor Piatigorsky, Cole Porter, Basil Rathbone, Fritz Reiner, Richard Rogers, Artur Rodzinski, William Saroyan, Arnold Schoenberg, Dame Edith Sitwell, Osbert Sitwell, Rudolph Serkin, Rise Stevens, Leopold Stokowsky, Igor Stravinsky, George Szell, Joseph Szigeti, Virgil Thomson, Heitor Villa-Lobos, and Bruno Walter. Most of these persons are also represented in the photographic archives of Fred Plaut (MSS 52). (Partially catalogued)

MSS 70 - The Mel Powell Papers; 14'
Born in 1923 in New York City, Mel Powell had remarkable careers in both jazz and classical music, the latter highlighted by a Pulitzer Prize in 1990 for his Duplicates. His Papers, which are gradually being transferred to Yale, consist to date chiefly of the holograph manuscripts of his music (or copies thereof), correspondence, and photographs. Forty-two of his arrangements are in the Benny Goodman Papers (MSS 53).
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MSS 71 - The Kurt Stone Papers; ca.6'
The music editor Kurt Stone (1911-1989) worked closely with Elliott Carter and Paul Hindemith while employed at Associated Music Publishers. The bulk of the Papers are the letters of Elliott and Helen Carter to and from Stone, covering the years 1955-1980, and of Hindemith to and from Stone, covering the years 1953-1962. Some letters include musical notation of Carter and Hindemith. Also included is the autograph manuscript score of Heitor Villa-Lobos's String Quartet No. 7. (Not yet catalogued)

MSS 72 - The Clarence Watters Papers; ca.6'
The Papers contain the organist Watters's (1902-1986) compositions, tapes of his recitals, programs, photographs, and correspondence. The last named includes 89 letters from Marcel and Jeanette Dupré, dating from 1926 to 1978. Watters was a pupil of Dupré's and a frequent performer of his works. (Not yet catalogued)

MSS 73 - The Karl Weigl Papers; 15'
The Austrian composer Karl Weigl (1881-1949) immigrated to the United States in 1938. His Papers contain copies of his manuscripts, reviews, programs, scrapbooks, photographs, and an extensive correspondence, including letters of Pablo Casals, Aaron Copland, Wilhelm Furtwangler, Myra Hess, Heinrich Schenker, Arnold Schoenberg, Bruno Walter, Felix Weingartner, and Alexander von Zemlinsky.

MSS 74 - The New York Brass Quintet Papers; ca.15'
The New York Brass Quintet was the prime mover in gaining acceptance of this medium for concert performances. Various composers wrote music expressly for the Quintet. The Collection includes a library of 440 works for various combinations of brass instruments. Also present are programs, reviews, and numerous tapes of performances. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 77 - The David and Fanny Opochinsky Collection of Music Manuscripts;  3.5'
This collection contains about 300 musical manuscripts, letters, and other documents written by prominent musicians. Born in the Polish city of Lódz in 1900, David Opochinsky was trained as a violinist at the Moscow Conservatory, but later became successful in the business world; his company, Titra-Film, provides subtitles and dubbing for the movie industry. Opochinsky came to the United States in 1942 and began collecting rare music documents in 1950. He died in 1974, and in 1986 his heirs generously donated his collection to Yale University. It includes compositions, letters, and autographs by C.P.E. Bach, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Paganini, Weber, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Chopin, Schumann, Liszt, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Dvorák, Grieg, Paderewski, Scriabin, Rachmaninoff, Kreisler, Casals, Bartók, Stokowski, Stravinsky, Berg, Prokofiev, Copland, Rodgers, Serkin, and other eminent composers and performers. Opochinsky and his wife Fanny had each item framed along with a picture of the musician; their New York apartment was described as a musical museum. After the collection came to Yale, the contents were removed from the frames and transferred to archival folders and boxes, to insure their preservation for future researchers. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 79 - The David Kraehenbuehl Papers; 11'
David Kraehenbuehl (1923-1997) studied at the University of Illinois, the Yale School of Music (under Paul Hindemith), and the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis in Basel, Switzerland. In addition to his work as a composer, from 1950 to 1960 Kraehenbuehl held faculty positions at Colorado College and at Yale. He was a founder and the first editor of the Journal of Music Theory. Kraehenbuehl left academia in 1960 and devoted the rest of his life to raising the standards of piano pedagogy in the United States. He was also instrumental in composing and editing sacred music for Roman Catholic services following the dictates of the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). The David Kraehenbuehl Papers were the gift of Marie Kraehenbuehl in 1999.

MSS 80 - The Earl Banquer Collection; 1.5'
The Earl Banquer Collection consists of musical arrangements of numerous classical, folk, and popular works, arranged for flute, three clarinets, and bass clarinet. The majority of arrangements in the collection were made by Banquer himself, to provide repertroire for his Earl Banquer Ensemble in New Haven. In addition to Banquer's own arrangements, the collection holds musical works which Banquer commissioned from composers Thomas Duffy, Michael Horvit, Collier Jones, and Yehudi Wyner.
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MSS 82 - The Cole Porter Collection; 54'
Cole Porter (1891-1964) bequeathed his papers to his alma mater: several hundred manuscripts and copies of published and unpublished songs, both in his handwriting and in that of his long-time copyist, scrapbooks devoted to his Broadway shows; photographs of his shows, trips, friends, and homes; travel journals, musical notebooks, librettos of shows, and his extensive collection of recordings (included in the Historical Sound Recordings Collection) and they have been supplemented by materials discovered by Robert E. Kimball in Porter's publisher's warehouse,. Earlier the composer had donated a large collection of his published music. The Cole Porter Musical and Literary Property Trusts have contributed photocopies of manuscripts held elsewhere, and Porter's friends and classmates have provided lyrics and recordings of unpublished songs from his days at Yale. Several groups of papers and letters have been received, as well as a group of college course notebooks found in the home of one of his classmates.  Send inquiries about this collection to musiclibrary@yale.edu.

MSS 83 - The E. Y. Harburg Collection; 30'
E. Y. Harburg (1898 - 1981) donated his manuscripts: light verse, notes, scripts, songs for political benefits, and lyrics for musicals and films, as well as various speeches, articles, and testimonials, which form the larger portion of the collection. A smaller section called "Harburgiana" includes correspondence, publicity, reviews, programs, scrapbooks, and memorabilia.  Send inquiries about this collection to Mark Bailey, Interim Curator of the American Musical Theatre Collection.

MSS 84 - The Eric Simon Papers; 1'
The papers of the Austrian-American clarinetist and composer Eric Simon (1907-1984) consist of scores and parts of manuscript and photocopied music, the majority of which are Simon's own musical compositions and arrangements. A short pedagogical work co-written by Simon is also included.

MSS 86 - The Robert Shaw Papers; ca. 200'
Robert Shaw was the most influential American choral conductor of the 20th century. Born in Red Bluff, California in 1916, Shaw was educated at Pomona College and in private studies with Julius Herford. Over the course of his long career, he directed the Fred Waring Glee Club, the Collegiate Chorale, the Robert Shaw Chorale, the San Diego Symphony Orchestra, the Cleveland Orchestra (as associate conductor under George Szell), and from 1967 to 1988, the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra. Shaw died in New Haven in 1999. The Shaw Papers include the conductor's personal library of over annotated 1,600 musical scores and parts, as well as correspondence, files on musical topics, general files, writings, speeches, programs, clippings, photographs, sound recordings, videos, annotated books, and other materials. (Partially catalogued)
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MSS 87 - The South Before the War Company Papers; 3'
The South Before the War Company was a minstrel show owned and managed by Herman Wallum (alias Harry Martell) that toured the United States in the late 1890s (and possibly before and after that time as well).  The papers include scripts, orchestral parts, published and unpublished sheet music, publicity and other ephemera. Send inquiries about this collection to Mark Bailey, Interim Curator of the American Musical Theatre Collection.

MSS 91 - The Daniel Asia Papers; ca. 20'
The American composer Daniel Asia was born in Seattle in 1953. He studied at Hampshire College and received his Master of Music degree from the Yale School of Music, where his teachers included Jacob Druckman and Krzysztof Penderecki. Since 1988 Asia has been Professor of Composition and head of the composition program at the University of Arizona. He has received numerous awards and fellowships, and his music has been performed orchestras and chamber ensembles throughout the United States and abroad. From 1991 to 1994 Asia was the Meet the Composer / Composer in Residence with the Phoenix Symphony. The Daniel Asia Papers were purchased by the Music Library in 2005. (Partially catalogued)

MSS 93 - The Howard and Helen Boatwright Papers; ca. 20'
Howard Boatwright (1918-1999) was a composer, violinist, student of Paul Hindemith, professor at Yale, and for many years Dean of the School of Music at Syracuse University. Helen Boatwright is a soprano who throughout her career has won acclaim for her interpretations of the song repertoire of the twentieth-century. Among her notable performances are definitive recordings of the songs of Charles Ives with John Kirkpatrick at the piano. The Boatwright Papers document both Howard's and Helen's careers through manuscript and printed music, writings, programs, clippings, pedagogical and biographical materials, and documents relating to the Hindemith Music Centre in Blonay, Switzerland, which the Boatwrights founded and directed in its early years. The Boatwright Papers were the gift of Helen Boatwright in 2002. (Partially catalogued)
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MSS 95 - The Hans L. Bilger Papers; 0.5'
Hans L. Bilger (1896-1968) received the B.M. degree from the Yale School of Music in 1920. The Papers consist chiefly of his compositions, both published and in manuscript.

MSS 96 - The Vivian Perlis Collection of Schmitz, Ornstein, Copland, and Kirkpatrick; 0.5'
This collection contains correspondence, an unpublished book, clippings, and other materials pertaining to E. Robert Schmitz (1889-1949) and the Pro Musica Society, Leo Ornstein (1893?-2002), Aaron Copland (1900-1990), and John Kirkpatrick (1905-1991). It was acquired from Vivian Perlis, who is a prominent historian of American music and the founding director of the Oral History, American Music project at Yale University.