Yale University Library link to yale university library home page link to EAL page

 

Near East Collection: Ibn Khaldun

Ibn Khaldūn

An Exhibition at Sterling Memorial Library
Presented by the Near East Collection
Yale University Library
March to May 2008


IBN KHALDŪN
AN ARAB MEDIEVAL NORTH AFRICAN THINKER

Ibn Khaldūn, ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad al-Ḥarḍramī al-Ishbīlī (1332-1406), was born in Tūnis on 1 Ramaḍān, 732 H (27 May, 1332 CE). His ancestors migrated from Ḥaḍramawt in southern Arabia to al-Andalus (Andalusia, southern Spain) in the early years of the 8th century during the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula. The family settled, eventually, in the city of Ishbīliyah (Seville) where they assumed political leadership positions. However, as the power of the Muslims started to crumble, the family had to leave to northwestern Africa, where they had strong connections with the ruling Ḥafṣids, shortly before the fall of the city to the Christians in 1284.

 

Having been a descendent of a family of scholars and statesmen, Ibn Khaldūn was educated by his father and other North African scholars in the traditional Arabic/Islamic sciences. After finishing his education he took several government positions in Tūnis and in Fez. However, the vicissitudes of politics led to his imprisonment for almost two years (1357-1358). Upon his release from prison he assumed other legal position until 1362 when he decided to leave North Africa and travel to Granada. In Granada he was highly honored by the city’s ruler Muḥammad V who sent him in 1364 on a diplomatic mission to Pedro the Cruel in Seville. Hence, Ibn Khaldūn had the opportunity to visit the city of his ancestors. After three years, he returned to North Africa in 1365, where he was given several high administrative positions until 1375.

 

Fed up with the intrigues of politics and the instability of governments, Ibn Khaldūn returned to Granada to dedicate himself to his scholarly pursuits but was obliged to return back the same year to Fez by pressures from its Sultan, Abū al-‘Abbās al-Marīnī. He managed, however, to flee to the Awlād ‘Ārif Arab tribe who gave him and his family refuge in Qal‘at Ibn Salāmah, a castle and a village in the province of Wahrān (Oran, Algeria). It was in the tranquility and safety of that castle that he started to write his famous History of the world “Kitāb al-‘Ibar.” The celebrated Muqaddimah, or, “Introduction” to that book was finished in November, 1377. In 1378, Ibn Khaldūn left Qal‘at Ibn Salāmah and settled in Tūnis where he held a teaching position at the famous Zaytūnah Mosque and continued writing his History of the world.

 

In 1382, Ibn Khaldūn left Tūnis by sea to Alexandria, Egypt, from whence he intended to go to Mecca for the Ḥajj (Pilgrimage), but he postponed the pilgrimage for a more suitable time and traveled to Cairo where he started teaching at the famous al-Azhar Mosque. In 1384 he was appointed by Barqūq, the Mamluk Sultan of Egypt (1340-1399), to the position of Grand Qadi of the Mālikīyah, a position from which he resigned or was deposed six times (1384 until his death at the age of 74, on March 17, 1406). In October, 1400 he was asked to accompany Faraj, the Mamluk Sultan of Egypt (1399-1405) in his march to confront the armies of the Mongol leader, Tamerlane, who was threatening to invade Syria. In 1401 Ibn Khaldūn, at the age of 69, met with Tamerlane in Damascus five times and was asked by him to write him a book about the geography and description of the Maghreb which he did before he returned to Cairo.

 
Click to see larger image.
Click to see larger image.
Click to see larger image.
Click to see larger image.

The fame of Ibn Khaldūn in modern scholarship is due to his writing of the Muqaddimah, or “Introduction” to his History of the world, “Kitāb al-‘Ibar.” In the Muqaddimah, Ibn Khaldūn laid the foundations of a new science, ‘Ilm al-‘Umrān, or, the science of human social organization. He, thus, preceded in his theories those of modern sociologists, philosophers, economists and historians like: Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Comte, Durkheim and even Marx.

 

The Muqaddimah has been translated into some twenty languages and hundreds of books and articles have been written, and still are, about Ibn Khaldūn and his ingenious work. Frantz Rosenthal states in the introduction to his English translation of the Muqaddimah: “ As it is, we can hardly do better than to state simply that here was a man with a great mind, who combined action with thought, the heir of a great civilization that had run its course, and the inhabitant of a country with a living historical tradition—albeit reduced to remnants of its former greatness— who realized his own gifts and the opportunities of his historical position in a work that ranks as one of mankind’s important triumphs”—P. lxxxvii.

 

Click to see larger image.

Kitāb al-‘Ibar wa-dīwān al-mubtada’ wa-al-khabar fī ayyām al-‘Arab wa-al-‘Ajam wa-al-Barbar / Ibn Khaldūn.

كتاب العبر وديوان المبتدأ والخبر في أيام العرب والعجم والبربر / لابن خلدون (مخطوط سنة
1140 ھ / 1728 م)

Manuscript of the World History of Ibn Khaldūn.
261 leaves; 26.5 x 17.5 cm.
Written in various hands. Copied in A.H. 1140 (A.D. 1728).
Housed at Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT.
Call Number: Arabic MSS suppl. 359.
References: Ahlwardt, Wilhelm. Verzeichnis der arabischen Handschriften, no. 9362; Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, II, 245.


Prolégomènes d'Ebn-Khaldoun / Texte arabe publié, d'après les manuscrits de la Bibliothèque impériale; par M. Quatremère.
Paris : Benjamin Duprat, 1858.

[مقدمة ابن خلدون (3 مجلدات) / بتحقيق المستشرق الفرنسي إتين مارك كاترمير (1782-
1857)، نشرت في باريس سنة 1858]

The first complete scholarly European edition of the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn in 3 vols., edited from manuscripts at the Bibliothèque impériale by the French Orientalist Etienne-Marc Quatremère (1782-1857).

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Kitāb al-‘Ibar. Muqaddimah [Prolegomena of Kitāb al-‘Ibar of Ibn Khaldūn]
Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldūn li-Kitāb al-‘Ibar wa-dīwān al-mubtadā wa-al-khabar fī ayyām al-‘Arab wa-al-‘Ajam wa-al-Barbar wa-man ‘āṣarahum min dhawī al-sulṭān al-akbar, wa-huwa tārīkh waḥīd ‘aṣrihi al-‘Allāmah ‘Abd al-Raḥmān Ibn Khaldūn al-Maghribī.
Miṣr : al-Maṭba‘ah al-Bahīyah al-Miṣrīyah, [1930?]

مقدمة ابن خلدون لكتاب العبر وديوان المبتدا والخبر في أيام العرب والعجم والبربر ومن
عاصرهم من ذوي السلطان الأكبر، وهو تاريخ وحيد عصره العلامة عبد الرحمن بن خلدون
المغربي.
مصر : المطبعة البهية المصرية، [1930؟].

A 1930 Cairo edition of the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn.


 

Kitāb al-ʻIbar. Muqaddimah. 1992
Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldūn : wa-hiya al-juz’ al-awwal min Kitāb al-ʻIbar wa-dīwān al-mubtadā’ wa-al-khabar [The Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn : which is volume one of the his World history] / ta’līf ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn : bi-taḥqīq A. M. Kātirmīr.
Bayrūt : Maktabat Lubnān, 1992.

مقدمة ابن خلدون : وهى الجزء الأول من كتاب العبر وديوان المبتدأ والخبر / تأليف عبد الرحمن
بن محمد بن خلدون ؛ بتحقيق أ. م. كاترمير.
بيروت : مكتبة لبنان، 1992.

A reprint in 3 vols. of the Paris, 1858 edition of the Muqaddimah by the French Orientalist Etienne-Marc Quatremère (1782-1857).

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldūn [The Prolegomena of Ibn Khaldūn / taʾlīf ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn ; mahhada la-hā wa-nashara al-fuṣūl wa-al-faqarāt al-nāqiṣah min ṭabʻātihā wa-ḥaqqaqahā wa-ḍabaṭa kalimātihā wa-sharaḥahā wa-ʻallaqa ʻalayhā wa-ʻamala fahārisahā ʻAlī ʻAbd al-Wāḥid Wāfī.
[al-Qāhirah] : Lajnat al-Bayān al-‘Arabī, 1957-1962.

مقدمة ابن خلدون / تأليف عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون ؛ مهّد لها ونشر الفصول والفقرات
الناقصة من طبعاتها وحققها وضبط كلماتها وشرحها وعلق عليها وعمل فهارسها علي عبد
الواحد وافي.
[القاهرة] : لجنة البيان العربي، 1957-1962.

An annotated and collated edition in 4 vols. (1370 p.) of the Muqaaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn by the Egyptian scholar ʻAlī ʻAbd al-Wāḥid Wāfī.


Tārīkh al-ʻAllāmah Ibn Khaldūn : Kitāb al-ʻIbar wa-dīwān al-mubtada’ wa-al-khabar fī ayyām al-ʻArab wa-al-ʻAjam wa-Barbar wa-man ʻāṣarahum min dhawī al-sulṭān al-akbar : wa-huwa tārīkh ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Khaldūn al-Maghribī.
Bayrūt: Dār al-Kitāb al-Lubnānī, 1982-

تاريخ العلامة ابن خلدون : كتاب العبر وديوان المبتدأ والخبر في أيام العرب والعجم والبربر ومن
عاصرهم من ذوي السلطان الأكبر / تاريخ عبد الرحمن ابن خلدون المغربي.
بيروت : دار الكتاب اللبناني، 1982-

A 1982 collated edition of the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn with bibliography and detailed indexes by Yūsuf As‘d Dāghir.

 
Click to see larger image.  

Click to see larger image.

Tārīkh al-ʻAllāmah Ibn Khaldūn [The World history of Ibn Khaldūn] : Kitāb al-ʻIbar wa-dīwān al-mubtada’ wa-al-khabar fī ayyām al-ʻArab wa-al-ʻAjam wa-al-Barbar wa-man ʻāṣarahum min dhawī al-sulṭān al-akbar / ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Khaldūn al-Maghribī.
al-Qāhirah : Dār al-Kitāb al-Miṣrī, 1999.

تاريخ العلامة ابن خلدون : كتاب العبر وديوان المبتدأ والخبر في أيام العرب والعجم والبربر ومن
عاصرهم من ذوي السلطان الأكبر / عبد الرحمن بن خلدون المغربي.
القاهرة : دار الكتاب المصري، 1999.

The complete World history of Ibn Khaldūn in 14 vols.


 

Kitāb al-‘Ibar. Muqaddimah
al-Muqaddimah / ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Khaldūn ; ḥaqqaqahā wa-qaddama la-hā wa-‘allaqa ‘alayhā ‘Abd al-Salām al-Shaddadī.
Dār al-Bayḍā’ : Khizānat Ibn Khaldūn, Bayt al-Funūn wa-al-‘Ulūm wa-al-Ādāb, 2005.

كتاب العبر. مقدمة
المقدمة / عبد الرحمن بن خلدون ؛ حقّقها وقدّم لها وعلّق عليها عبد السلام الشدّادي.
الدار البضاء : خزانة ابن خلدون، بيت الفنون والعلوم والآداب، 2005.

A new annotated edition of the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn in three volumes with ample commentaries, elucidations, annotations and indexes by the contemporary Moroccan scholar and Ibn Khaldūn specialist Dr. ‘Abd al-Salām al-Shaddadī.

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.  

Aḳdamot le-madaʻ ha-hisṭoryah : ('Muḳaddimah') [Prolegomena to history] / [me-et] ʻabd al-Raḥmaʾan Ibn-ḥa'ldon ; tirgum me-ʻAravit ṿe-hosif mavoʾ ṿe-heʻarot, ʻEmanuʾel Ḳoplevits.
Yerushalayim : Mosad Byaliḳ, [1966]

אקדמות למדע ההיסטוריה : (׳מקדמה׳) / [מאת] עבד אל־רחהאן אבן־ח׳לדון. תרגום
מערבית והוסיף מבוא והערות, עמנואל קופלביץ.
ירושלים : מוסד ביאליק, [1966]

al-Muqaddimah fī ‘ilm al-ta’rīkh : wa-hiya al-juz’ al-awwal min kitāb al-‘Ibar wa-dīwan al-mubtada’ wa-al-khabar fī ayyām al-‘Arab wa-al-‘Ajam wa-al-Barbar.

المقدمة في علم التأريخ : وهي الحزء الأول من كتاب العبر وديوان المبتدأ والخبر في أيام العرب
والعجم والبربر.

A Hebrew translation of the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn with an introduction and commentary.

 

Kitāb al-‘Ibar. Muqaddimah. English
The Muqaddimah : an introduction to history / translated from the Arabic by Franz Rosenthal.
New York : Pantheon Books, [1958]

A translation from Arabic into English of the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn in 3 vols. by the Yale University Professor of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations Dr. Franz Rosenthal (1914-2003).

الترجمة الإنجليزية لمقدمة ابن خلدون في ثلاثة مجلدات قام بها الأستاذ في قسم لغات الشرق الأدنى
وحضاراته بجامعة ييل الدكتور فرانتس روزنثال (1914-2003).

Click to see larger image.

 
Click to see larger image.
 

Discours sur l'histoire universelle (Al-Muqaddima) [A discourse on the Universal History (al-Muqaddimah)] / traduction nouvelle, préf. et notes par Vincent Monteil.
Beyrouth : Commission internationale pour la traduction des chefs-d'oeuvre, 1967-68.

[المقدمة / ابن خلدون ؛ ترجمه إلى الفرنسية وقدّم له وعلّق عليه ڤنسان مونتاي].
بيروت : اللجنة الدولية لترجمة الروائع، 1967]

A new French translation of the Muqaddimah in 3 vols.


 

Kitāb al-‘Ibar. Muqaddimah. English. Selections
A selection from the Prolegomena of Ibn Khaldūn / with notes and an English-German glossary by Duncan B. Macdonald.
Leiden : Late E. J. Brill, 1905.

This Arabic section from the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn about “The importance of the science of history, its different trends, the mistakes which historians commit and mentioning some of their reasons” was selected and published in 1905 by Duncan B. Macdonald, professor at the Hartford Theological Seminary in Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.A. as a practice for students of Arabic language and literature on reading Medieval Arabic historical texts.

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ausgewählte Abschnitte aus der Muqaddima aus dem Arabischen [Selected sections from the Arabic text of the Muqaddimah] / von Annemarie Schimmel.
Tubingen : J.C.B. Mohr (P. Siebeck), 1951.

Translation into German of selected sections from the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn by the late professor of Arabic and Indo-Muslim Culture Dr. Annemarie Schimmel (1922-2003).


Ibun Harudūn no "Rekishi josetsu" [Ibn Khaldūn’s Introduction to his World history] / by Tamura Jitsuzō hen.
Tōkyō : Ajia Keizai Kenkyūjo, 1964-1965.
イブン.ハルドゥーンの「歴史序說 / 田村実造編.
東京 : アジア経済硏究所, 1964-1965.

A study in Japanese about Ibn Khaldūn’s sociological theories in the Muqaddimah.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.  

Kitāb al-‘Ibar
Kitāb al-‘Ibar wa-dīwān al-mubtadā wa-al-khabar fī ayyām al-‘Arab wa-al-‘Ajam wa-al-Barbar wa-man ‘āṣarahum min dhawī al-sulṭān al-akbar, wa-huwa tārīkh waḥīd ‘aṣri al-‘Allāmah ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Khaldūn al-Maghribī.
[Cairo : s.n.], 1284 [1867]

كتاب العبر وديوان المبتدا والخبر في أيام العرب والعجم والبربر ومن عاصرهم من ذوي السلطان
الأكبر، وهو تاريخ وحيد عصره العلامة عبد الرحمن بن خلدون المغربي.
[القاهرة : د.ن.]، 1284 [1867]

An 1867 Cairo edition of the World History of Ibn Khaldūn in 7 volumes.

 

al-Ta‘rīf bi-Ibn Khaldūn wa-riḥlatihi Gharban wa-Sharqan [Introducing Ibn Khaldūn the author of the book and his journey East and West] / katabahu Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn ; ‘āraḍahu bi-uṣūlihi wa-‘allaqa ḥawāshiyahu Muḥammad ibn Tāwīt al-Ṭanjī ; rāja‘ahu wa- a‘addahu lil-nashr Ibrāhīm Shabbūḥ.
Tūnis : al-Dār al-‘Arabīyah lil-Kitāb, 2006.

التعربف بابن خلدون ورحلته غربًا وشرقًا /‏ ‏كتبه عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون ؛ عارضه
بأصوله وعلّق حواشيه محمد بن تاويت الطنجي ؛ راجعه وأعدّه للنشر إبراهيم شبّوح.
تونس :‏ ‏الدار العربية للكتاب،‏ ‏2006.

An annotated and collated edition of the autobiography of Ibn Khaldūn by the Tunisian scholar Muḥammad ibn Tāwīt al-Ṭanjī, updated and vocalized with ample footnotes and elucidating commentaries by Ibrāhīm Shabbūḥ.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Le voyage d'Occident et d'Orient : autobiographie [The journey of West and East : an autobiography] / Ibn Khaldûn ; présentée et traduite de l'arabe par Abdesselam Cheddadi.
Paris : Sinbad, 1980.

Translation into French of the autobiography of Ibn Khaldun “al-Ta‘rif bi-Ibn Khaldūn mu’allif al-kitāb wa-rihlatihi Gharban wa-Shrqan”: “Introducing Ibn Khaldūn the author of the book and his journey West and East”: (التعريف بابن خلدون مؤلّف الكتاب ورحلته غربًا وشرقًا)


 

Ibn Khaldūni Narratio de expeditionibus Francorum in terras islamismo subjectas [Inb Khaldūn’s account of the campaigns of the Franks in Islamic territories] / codicibus bodleianis edidit et latine vertit Carolus Johannes Tornberg.
Upsaliæ : Leffler et Sebell, 1840.

An 1840 translation by the Swedish Orientalist Carl Johan Torngerg (1807-1877) from Arabic into Latin of passages from the World History of Ibn Khaldūn related to the Crusades.

ترجمة من العربية إلى اللاتينية لبعض الفصول من كتاب العبر لابن خلدون عن الحروب الصليبية
نشرها عام 1840 المستشرق السويدي كارل يوهان تورنبرج (1807-1877).

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Kitāb al-‘Ibar. Selections
Histoire des Berbères et des dynasties musulmanes de l'Afrique Septentrionale par Abou-Zeid Abd-er-Rahman ibn-Mohammed ibn Khaldoun : Texte arabe = / Publié par ordre de M. le ministre de la guerre, collationné sur plusieurs manuscrits par M. le Baron de Slane.
Al-Jazā’ir : Dār al-Tibā‘ah al-Sultānīyah, 1847.

كتاب تاريخ الدول الإسلامية بالمغرب : وهو القسم الأخير من التاريخ الكبير المسمّى كتاب العبر
وديوان المبتدأ والخبر في أيام العرب والعجم والبربر / لأبي زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد ... بن
خلدون ؛ وقد اعتنى بإزالة الغلطات عن نصّه وبتصحيحه ونظر في طبعه البارون دسلان.
الجزائر : دار الطباعة السلطانية، 1847.

An early collated edition by the famous French Orientalist William MacGuckin, Baron de-Slane (1801-1878) of the last volume of Ibn Khaldūn’s Kitāb al-‘Ibar dealing with the history of the Berbers and the Islamic states and dynasties of the Maghreb, in two vols.


 

Kitāb al-ʻIbar. Arabic & French. Selections
Histoire de l'Afrique sous la dynastie des Aghlabites, et de la Sicile sous la domination musulmane [History of Africa under the dynasty of Aghlabites, and Sicily under Moslem domination] / texte arabe d'Ebn-Khaldoun, accompagné d'une traduction française et de notes par A. Noel des Vergers.
Paris : Typographie de F. Didot frères, 1841.

أخبار دولة بني الأغلب بإفريقية وصقلية وبقية أخبار صقلية إلى حين استيلاء الإفرنج عليها. من
كتاب العبر وديوان المبتدا والخبر في أيام العرب والعجم والبربر / لقاضي القضاة عبد الرحمن بن
محمد بن خلدون.

The Arabic text with an early translation into French of sections from Ibn Khaldūn’s World history (Kitāb al-‘Ibar) concerning the history of the Maghreb and Sicily under the Aghlabites until the fall of Sicily to the Franks.

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Kitāb al-‘Ibar. Selections. French
Histoire des Berbères et des dynasties musulmanes de l'Afrique septentrionale [History of the Berbers and the Muslim dynasties of North Africa / par Ibn-Khaldoun ; traduite de l'arabe par le baron de Slane.
Alger : Imprimerie du governement, 1852-1856.

The French translation of Baron de-Slane’s Arabic edition of the last volume of Ibn Khaldūn’s Kitāb al-‘Ibar dealing with the history of the Berbers and the Islamic states and dynasties of the Maghreb, in 4 vols.


 

Lubāb al-Muḥaṣṣal fī uṣūl al-dīn [Quintessence of the Muḥaṣṣal “Summary” on the fundamentals of religion] / li-Abī Zayd ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Khaldūn ; nasharahu Lūsyānū Rūbiyū.
Tiṭwn : Maʻhad Mawlāy al-Ḥasan, 1952.

لباب المحصّل في أصول الدين / لأبي زيد عبد الرحمن بن خلدون ؛ نشره لوسيانو روبيو.
تطوان : معهد مولاي الحسن، 1952.

This is an abridgement of both “al-Muḥaṣṣal” (Summary) [of the fundamentals of the Islamic religion] of Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (1150-1210) and its summary “Taḥṣīl al-Muḥaṣṣal” (Abridgement of al- Muḥaṣṣal) by Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (1201-1274). This was the very first work which Ibn Khaldūn produced at the age of 19. It is not an original work, a kind of a beginner’s exercise in scholarship. It was edited by the Augustinian Fr. Luciano Rubio, Professor of Philosophy at the Royal Monastery of Escorial, as part of his doctoral dissertation, University of Madrid.

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

al-Sīrah al-Nabawīyah li-Ibn Khaldūn [The Biography of the Prophet Muhammad by Ibn Khaldūn] / Walī al-Dīn Abū Zayd ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd al-Raḥīm al-Ḥaḍramī al-Ishbīlī al-Mālikī al-ma‘rūf bi-Ibn Khaldūn ; ṣaḥḥaḥahu wa-kharraja aḥādīthahu Aḥmad al-Bazrah.
al-Riyāḍ : Maktabat al-Ma‘ārif lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzī‘, 1998.

السيرة النبوية لابن خلدون / ولي الدين أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن عبد الرحيم الحضرمي
الإشبيلي المالكي المعروف بابن خلدون ؛ صححه وخرّج أحاديثه أحمد البزرة.
الرياض : مكتبة المعارف للنشر والتوزيع، 1998.

The biography of the Prophet Muhammad extracted from the World History of Ibn Khaldūn.


 

Kitab al-‘Ibar. Selections. Arabic
al-Yaman fī Tārīkh Ibn Khaldūn, al-musammá Kitāb al-‘Ibar wa-dīwān al-mubtada’ wa-al-khabar fī ayyām al-‘Arab wa-al-‘Ajam wa-al-Barbar wa-man ‘āṣarahum min dhawī al-Sulṭān al-Akbar [Yemen in the World History of Ibn Khaldūn] / li-‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Khaldūn ; tabyīn wa-ta‘līq Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-Faraḥ.
Şan‘ā’ : al-Hay’ah al-‘Āmmah lil-Kitāb, 2001

اليمن في تاريخ ابن خلدون، المسمى كتاب العبر وديوان المبتدأ والخبر في أيام العرب والعجم
والبربر ومن عاصرهم من ذوي السلطان الأكبر / لعبد الرحمن بن خلدون ؛ تبيين وتحقيق محمد
حسين الفرح.
صنعاء : الهيئة العامة للكتاب، 2001.

Edition, commentary and annotation of the Yemen section in the World History of Ibn Khaldūn by the Yemeni historian and scholar Muḥammad ḥusayn al-Faraḥ.

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Shifā’ al-sā’il li-tahdhīb al-masā’il [Contentment of the seeker for rectification of problems] / ta’līf Abī Zayd ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Abī Bakr Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn ; ʻāraḍahu bi-uṣūlihi wa-ʻallaqa ḥawāshiyahu wa-qaddama la-hu Muḥammad ibn Tāwīt al-Ṭanjī.
Istanbūl : ʻUthmān Yālshīn, 1957.

شفاء السائل لتهذيب المسائل / لأبي زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون ؛ عارضه بأصوله وعلق
حواشيه وقدم له محمد بن تاويت الطنجي.
إستنبول : عثمان يالشين، 1957.

Another edition of Shifā’ al-sā’il li-tahdhīb al-masā’il [Contentment of the seeker for rectification of problems] by the Moroccan scholar Muḥammad ibn Tāwīt al-ṭanjī.


Shifāʾ al-sā’il li-tahdhīb al-masā’il [Contentment of the seeker for rectification of problems] / li-Abī Zayd ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn ; nasharahu wa-ʻallaqa ʻalayhi Ighnāṭiyūs ʻAbduh Khalīfah al-Yasūʻī.
Bayrūt : al-Maṭbaʻah al-Kāthūlīkīyah, 1959.

شفاء السائل لتهذيب المسائل / لأبي زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون ؛ نشره وعلق عليه
إغناطيوس عبده خليفة اليسوعي.
بيروت : المطبعة الكاثوليكية، 1959.

A treatise on Sufism by Ibn Khaldūn, written at later period of his life, edited with a commentary from a unique manuscript (owned by the Moroccan Mr. Abū Bakr al-Taṭwānī) by the Lebanese Jesuit Fr. Ighnāṭiyūs ʻAbduh Khalīfah.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Shifāʾ al-sā’il li-tahdhīb al-masā’il. French
La voie et la loi, ou, Le maître et le juriste = Shifâʾ al-s ̂aʾil li-tahdhîb al-masâʾil / Ibn Khaldûn ; traduit de l'arabe, présenté et annoté par René Pérez.

[ترجمة فرنسية لكتاب ابن خلدون شفاء السائل لتهذيب المسائل]

A French translation of Ibn Khaldūn’s Shifāʾ al-sāʾil li-tahdhīb al-masāʾil treatise on Sufism which was written at later period of his life.


Ibn Khaldūn / ʻAzīz al-ʻAẓmah.
Bayrūt : Riyāḍ al-Rayyis, 2000.

ابن خلدون / عزيز العظمة.
بيروت : رياض الريّس، 2000.

Selections from the works of Ibn Khaldūn, mainly, his world history with a short introduction explaining his historical method which the author criticizes and shows the pitfalls in which he fell.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Khaldūn : mu’assis ʻilm al-ijtimāʻ / ʻAbduh al-ḥilw.
Bayrūt : Bayt al-Ḥikmah, [1969]

ابن خلدون : مؤسس علم الاجتماع / عبده الحلو.
بيروت : بيت الحكمة، [1969]

This is a short introductory study of the theories of social organization which Ibn Khaldūn introduced in his Muqaddimah.


Ibn Khaldūn mubdi‘an : qirāʼah jadīdah li-fikrihi wa-manhajihi fī ‘ilm al-ijtimā‘ [Ibn Khaldūn as a creative thinker : a new interpretation of his thinking and method in the science of sociology] / Sāmiyah Ḥasan al-Sā‘ātī.
al-Qāhirah : Majlis al-A‘lá lil-Thaqāfah, 2006.

ابن خلدون مبدعًا : قراءة جديدة لفكره ومنهجه في علم الاجتماع / سامية حسن الساعاتي.
القاهرة : المجلس الأعلى للثقافة، 2006.

The author highlights the innovative manner in thoughts and methods in which Ibn Khaldūn presented his sociological ideas.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.  

al-Fikr al-Khaldūnī min khilāl al-Muqaddimah [The Thinking of Ibn Khaldūn as it is demonstrated in the Muqaddimah] / Muḥammad Fārūq al-Nabhān.
Bayrūt : Mu’assasat al-Risālah, 1998.

الفكر الخلدوني من خلال المقدمة / محمد فاروق نبهان.
بيروت : مؤسسة الرسالة، 1998.

The author discusses and pinpoints the characteristics, origins and development of Ibn Khaldūn’s reasoning and logical thinking as they are demonstrated in his Muqaddimah and states that they are in accord with the traditional techniques and approaches of Islamic scholarship.

 

al-Fikr al-akhlāqī ‘inda Ibn Khaldūn [The Ethical thinking of Ibn Khaldūn] / ‘Abd Allāh Shurayyiṭ.
[al-Jazā’ir] : al-Sharikah al-Waṭanīyah lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawẓī‘,1975.

الفكر الأخلاقي عند ابن خلدون / عبد الله شريّط.
[الجزائر] : الشركة الوطنية للنشر والتوزيع، 1975.

A discussion of the ethical principals in Ibn Khaldūn’s Muqaddimah and their relations to philosophy, reason, science, politics, education, Islamic religious & cultural norms, etc.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.  

Manṭiq Ibn Khaldūn fī ḍaw’ ḥaḍāratihi wa-shakhṣīyatih [The Logic of Ibn Khaldūn in the light of his culture and personality] / ‘Alī al-Wardī.
Bayrūt : Dār Kūfān, 1994.

منطق إبن خلدون في ضوء حضارته وشخصيته / علي الوردي.
بيروت : دار كوفان، 1994.

A discussion of the two aspects of Ibn Khaldūn’s theories in the Muqaddimah: 1. The logical procedures on which he built these theories; 2. The intellectual and non-intellectual factors which helped him in formulating them.

 

al-Fikr al-falsafī ʻinda Ibn Khaldūn / li-ʻAbd al-Razzāq al-Makkī ; taqdīm ʻAlī Sāmī al-Nashshār.
[al-Iskandarīyah : Maṭābiʻ Ruwayyāl, 1970]

الفكر الفلسفي عند ابن خلدون / عبد الرزاق المكي ؛ تقديم علي سامي النشار.
[الإسكندرية : مطابع رويال، 1970]

In this doctoral dissertation the author studies the philosophical ideas of Ibn Khaldūn and maintains that as a Malikite and Ash‘arite Ibn Khaldūn applied the Islamic inductive method which differs from the Greek deductive method in his historical works; hence his introduction of an integral philosophical structure.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

al-Fikr al-kalāmī ʻinda ibn Khaldūn [The scholastic theology in Ibn Khaldūn’s thought] / Muná Aḥmad Abū Zayd.
Bayrūt : Majd, al-Mu’assasah al-Jāmiʻīyah lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr, 1997.

الفكر الكلامي عند ابن خلدون / منى أحمد أبو زيد.
بيروت : مجد، المؤسسة الجامعية للدراسات والنشر، 1997.

Analysis of the kalām (Islamic scholastic theology) in Ibn Khaldūn’s thought.


al-Malakah al-lisānīyah fī Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldūn : dirāsah alsunīyah [Linguistic faculty in the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn : a linguistic study] / Mīshāl Zakarīyā.
Bayrūt, Lubnān : al-Muʾassasah al-Jāmiʻīyah lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ, 1986.

الملكة اللسانية في مقدمة ابن خلدون : دراسة ألسنية / ميشال زكريا.
بيروت، لبنان : المؤسسة الجامعية للدراسات والنشر والتوزيع، 1986.

A study of Ibn Khaldūn’s ideas about language as they are found in his Muqaddimah and comparing them to modern linguistic theories.

 
Click to see larger image.
 

Click to see larger image.

al-Khiṭāb al-tārīkhī : dirāsah li-manhajīyat Ibn Khaldūn [The historical discourse : a study of Ibn Khaldūn’s methodology] / ʻAlī Ūmlīl.
Bayrūt : Maʻhad al-Inmāʾ al-ʻArabī, [1981?]

الخطاب التاريخي : دراسة لمنهجية ابن خلدون / علي أومليل.
بيروت : معهد الإنماء العربي، [؟1981]

The author attempts, contrary to other studies which treated the Muqaddimah as a separate entity from Ibn Khaldūn’s History of the world, to relate Ibn his Muqaddimah to his World history: “A reading of the Muqaddimah from within Kitāb al-‘Ibar”—P. 5.


 

al-Naẓarīyāt al-iqtiṣādīyah ʻinda Ibn Khaldūn wa-ususuhā min al-fikr al-Islāmī wa-al-wāqiʻ al-mujtamaʻī : dirāsah falsafīyah wa-ijtimāʻīyah [The economic theories of Ibn Khaldūn and its foundations in Islamic thought and in actual societal reality : a philosophical and sociological study] / ʻAbd al-Majīd Mizyān.
al-Jazāʾir : al-Muʾassasah al-Waṭanīyah lil-Kitāb : Dīwān al-Maṭbūʻāt al-Jāmiʻīyah, 1988.

النظريات الاقتصادية عند ابن خلدون وأسسها من الفكر الإسلامي والواقع المجتمعي : دراسة
فلسفية واجتماعية / عبد المجيد مزيان.
الجزائر : المؤسسة الوطنية للكتاب : ديوان المطبوعات الجامعية، 1988.

The author attempts to relate Ibn Khaldūn’s economic theories to their origins in Islamic thought and the societal environment in which Ibn Khaldūn lived.
(ʻAbd al-Majīd Mizyān is an Algerian scholar, intellectual and revolutionary. His Ph.D. is in Philosophy from the University of Algiers which he became its president in 1981. He was the minister of education, 1982-1986)

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Jughrāfīyat al-ʻumrān ʻinda Ibn Khaldūn [The Geography of urbanism in Ibn Khaldūn’s Muqaddimah] / ʻAbd al-ʻĀl al-Shāmī.
al-Kuwayt : Jāmiʻat al-Kuwayt, Qism al-Jughrāfiyā, Waḥdat al-Baḥth wa-al-Tarjamah : al-Jamʻīyah al-Jughrāfīyah al-Kuwaytīyah, 1988.

جغرافية العمران عند ابن خلدون / عبد العال الشامى.
الكويت : جامعة الكويت، قسم الجغرافيا، وحدة البحث والترجمة : الجمعية الجغرافية الكويتية،
1988.

An exposition of Ibn Khaldūn’s ideas about the origins and development of human geography and urbanism.


Ibn Khaldūn : nāqid al-tārīkh wa-al-adab [Ibn Khaldūn : critic of history and literature] / ʻUthmān Muwāfī.
al-Iskandarīyah : Mu’assasat al-Thaqāfah al-Jāmiʻīyah, [1976]

ابن خلدون : ناقد التاريخ والأدب / عثمان موافي.
الإسكندرية : مؤسسة الثقافة الجامعية، [1976]

A study of Ibn Khaldūn as history and literature critic. The author shows that Ibn Khaldūn’s critical ideas of history were much more developed that his literary ones because he thought literature is different from history in that literature is an art without substance; it is concerned only about form and composition, while history is a science which studies human society.

Click to see larger image.

 
Click to see larger image.
 

Ibn Khaldūn : maqāl fī al-manhaj al-tajrībī [Ibn Khaldūn : an essay about experimental methodology] / Maḥmūd al-Saʻīd al-Kurdī.
Ṭarābulus, al-Jamāhīrīyah al-ʻArabīyah al-Lībīyah al-Shaʻbīyah al-Ishtirākīyah : al-Munshaʾah al-ʻĀmmah, 1984.

مقال في المنهج التجريبي / محمود السعيد الكردي.
طرابلس، الجماهرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الاشتراكية : المنشئة العامة، 1984.

A study of the structure of Ibn Khaldūn’s theory of ‘Ilm al-‘umrān “Science of human social organization”.


al-Falsafah al-‘amalīyah ‘inda Ibn Khaldūn wa-Ibn al-Azraq fī al-tayyār al-ijtimā‘ī al-tārīkhī [Practical philosophy of Ibn Khaldūn and Ibn al-Azraq in the socio-historical trend] / ishrāf ‘Alī Zay‘ūr.
Bayrūt : Mu’assasat ‘Izz al-Dīn, 1993.

الفلسفة العميلة عند ابن خلدون وابن الأزرق في التيّار الاجتماعي التاريخي / إشراف علي زيعور،
1993.
بيروت : مؤسسة عزّ الدين، 1993.

A study of the practical philosophy of Ibn Khaldūn and his Andalusian compatriot Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī ibn al-Azraq (1428 or 9-1491) who followed in the footsteps of Ibn Khaldūn in his sociological works.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Khaldūn Islāmīyan [Ibn Khaldūn from an Islamic point of view] / ʻImād al-Dīn Khalīl.
Bayrūt : Dimashq : al-Maktab al-Islāmī, 1985.

ابن خلدون إسلاميًّا / عماد الدين خليل.
بيروت ؛ دمشق : المكتب الإسلامي، 1985.

The author states that most of the numerous studies on Ibn Khaldūn either ignored the Islamic religious principles which affected his scholarship and ideas or made him only mentioning them to give the impression that they are in accord with his methodology. The present study attempts to highlight the Islamic religious aspects of Ibn Khaldūn’s scholarship which shaped and formulated his ideas about history and social organization.


Ibn Khaldūn min khilāl nafā’is al-Maktabah al-Waṭanīyh : fihris bibliyughrafī = Ibn Khaldoun dans les trésors de la Bibliothéque Nationale : catalogue bibliographique [Ibn Khaldūn within the treasures of the [Tunisian] National Library : a bibliographic catalog] / al-tansīq al-‘āmm, Sāmiyah Qamartī.
[Tunis] : al-Jumhūrīyah al-Tūnisīyah, Wizārat al-Thaqāfah wa-al-Muḥāfaẓah ʻalá al-Turāth, al-Maktabah al-Waṭanīyah, 2006.

ابن خلدون من خلال نفائس المكتبة الوطنية : فهرس ببليوغرافي / التنسيق العام، سامية قمرتي.
[تونس] : ‏ ‏الجمهورية التونسية، وزارة الثقافة والمحافظة على التراث، المكتبة الوطنية،‏ ‏2006.

A descriptive list of the bibliographical materials by, and on, Ibn Khaldūn held at the Tunisian National Library.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.  

ʻAlá khuṭá Ibn Khaldūn [On the footsteps of Ibn Khaldūn] / ʻAbd al-Wahhāb Bū Ḥudaybah, Munīrah Shābūtū al-Ramādī ; al-ṣuwar, Murād bin Maḥmūd.
Tūnis : Dār al-Janūb lil-Nashr, 2006.

على خطى ابن خلدون / عبد الوهاب بو حديبة، منيرة شابوتو الرمادي ؛ الصور، مراد بن محمود.
تونس : دار الجنوب للنشر، 2006.

A panoramic sketch of the life and times of Ibn Khaldūn (1332-1406), stretching from Seville (Spain), the city of his ancestors, to Tunis, the city of his birth and upbringing, to Cairo and Damascus.

 

Nihāyat usṭūrat naẓarīyāt Ibn Khaldūn : muqtabasah min Rasā’il Ikhwān al-ṣafā [The end of the legend of the theory of Ibn Khaldūn : derived from the Epistles of the Brethren of Purity] / Maḥmūd Ismā‘īl.
al-Manṣūrah, J.M.‘A. : ‘Āmir lil-Ṭibā‘ah wa-al-Nashr, 1996.

نهاية أسطورة نظريات ابن خلدون : مقتبسة من رسائل إخوان الصفا / محمود إسماعيل.
المنصورة، ج. م. ع. : عامر للطباعة والنشر، 1996.

The author quotes sections from Rasā’il Ikhwān al-ṣafā “The Epistles of the Brethren of Purity” (a tenth century mysterious society of intellectuals and scholars based in Baṣrah, Iraq) to prove that Ibn Khaldūn derived his innovative theories from their works, a collection of 52 treatises dealing with philosophy and science. On the whole, this study is very unfavorable of Ibn Khaldūn and does not hesitate to brand him as a disturbed and frustrated “opportunist,” “mercenary,” “forger” and “plagiarizer.”

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.  

Hal intahat usṭūrat Ibn Khaldūn? : jadal sākhin bayna al-akādīmīyīn wa-al-mufakkirīn al-ʻArab [Has the Legend of Ibn Khaldūn come to an end? : hot debate among Arab academicians and intellectuals] / Maḥmūd Ismāʻīl.
al-Qāhirah : Dār Qibāʾ, 2000.

هل انتهت أسطورة ابن خلدون؟ : جدل ساخن بين الأكاديميين والمفكرين العرب / محمود
اسماعيل.
القاهرة : دار قباء، 2000.

The author’s previous publication in which he tried to prove that Ibn Khaldūn’s theories were actually borrowed from previous works was met with hot debates among the Arab intellectuals and academicians; some harshly criticized it, others supported it, and yet others postponed their judgment on it. In the present work the author collected the different views and his own responses to them.

 

 

Ibn Khaldūn and Tamerlane : their historic meeting in Damascus, 1401 A.D. (803 A.H.) : A study based on Arabic manuscripts of Ibn Khaldūn's "Autobiography," / with a translation into English, and a commentary by Walter J. Fischel.
Berkeley : University of California Press, 1952.

[ابن خلدون وتمرلنك : لقاؤهما التاريخي في دمشق، سنة 1401 (803 ھ) : دراسة مبنية على
المخطوطات العربية للسيرة الذاتية لابن خلدون / مع ترجمة للغة الإنجليزية وتعليق لولتر فيشيل].

This study is based on the autobiography of Ibn Khaldūn which he appended to the last volume of his History of the world “Kitab al-‘Ibar” under the title: “al-Ta‘rif bi-Ibn Khaldūn mu’allif al-kitab wa-rihlatihi Gharban wa-Shrqan”: “Introducing Ibn Khaldūn the author of the book and his journey East and West”:

"التعريف بابن خلدون مؤلّف الكتاب ورحلته غربًا وشرقًا".

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Khaldun : historian, sociologist and philosopher / by Nathaniel Schmidt.
New York : Columbia University press, 1930.

A short, but early study about Ibn Khaldūn by a professor at an American university; Nathaniel Schmidt, Professor of Semitic languages and literatures and Oriental history at Cornell University. The study includes a survey of the extant manuscripts, editions and translations into different languages of the works of Ibn Khaldūn.


Ibn Khaldūn : ḥayātuh wa-turāthuh al-fikrī. Arabic
Ibn Khaldun : his life and work / by Muhammad Abdullah Enan.
Lahore (India) : Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1941.

A translation into English of the author’s Arabic original work:

ابن خلدون : حياته وتراثه الفكري / محمد عبد الله عنان.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.  

Ibn Khaldūn : history as science and the patrimonial empire / Róbert Simon ; translated by Klára Pogátsa.
Budapest : Akadémiai Kiadó , 2002.

[ابن خلدون : التاريخ كعلم والإمبراطورية المتوارثة / تأليف روبرت سيمون ؛ ترجمته من اللغة
المجرية إلى الإنجليزية كلارا پوگستا]

Translation into English from the original Hungarian of Simon Róbert Ibn Khaldūn : történelemtudomány és birodalmiság. Budapest : Akadémiai Kiadó, 1999.
“During the European waves of discovery of the last 150 years, he [Ibn Khaldūn] became the ‘patron saint’ of many different sciences (history, sociology, economics, philosophy of history, politology, social psychology, etc.)”—Pp. 12-13.

 

Ibn Khaldun and the Medieval Maghrib / Michael Brett.
Aldershort, England : Ashgate Variorum, 1999.

A collection of articles on the Maghreb (Northwestern Africa) in the Middle Ages (7th to the 14th century) based on the information presented in Ibn Khaldūn’s World history Kitāb al-‘Ibar.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Khaldūn in Egypt : his public functions and his historical research, 1382-1406 : a study in Islamic historiography / Walter J. Fischel.
Berkeley : University of California Press, 1967.

This study analizes the career and accomplishments of Ibn Khaldun during the last 23 years of his life from his arrival in Egypt on December 8, 1382 until his death in Cairo on March 17, 1406.


Ibn Khaldūn and Islamic ideology / edited by Bruce B. Lawrence.
Leiden : E.J. Brill, 1984.

[ابن خلدون والإيديولوجية الإسلامية / تحرير بروس ب. لورنس]

A collection of papers read at a symposium commemorating the 650th anniversary of the birth of Ibn Khaldūn (May 27, 1332-March 17, 1406) held at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Khaldūn : an essay in reinterpretation / Aziz Al-Azmeh.
London ; Totowa, N.J. : Cass, 1982.

[ابن خلدون : مقالة في إعادة التأويل / عزيز العظمة]

The author states in the Preface that Ibn Khaldūn “Not only is considered the true historical source of his time; he is also taken as the unchallenged sociological and cultural interpreter of medieval North Africa and much of medieval and modern Arab-Islamic culture as well. The validity of his discourse is considered to be so universal as to confer upon his ideas the status of progenitor—or, at the very least, anticipator—of great variety of modern ideas.”


Ibn Khaldūn in modern scholarship : a study in orientalism / Aziz al-Azmeh.
London : Third World Centre for Research and Publishing, 1981.

[ابن خلدون في البحث الأكاديمي الحديث : دراسة في الاستشراق / عزيز العظمة]

“Ibn Khaldūn has almost become an intellectual household name. In different ways, sociologists, economists, philosophers of history, as well as liberals, Marxists, Arab nationalists, and fascists have all claimed him as their own”—Preface (p. v).

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

The epistemology of Ibn Khaldūn / Zaid Ahmad.
London ; New York : RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.

[نظرية المعرفة عند ابن خلدون / زايد أحمد]

“This is an analytical examination of Ibn Khaldūn’s epistemology, centered on Chapter Six of the Muqaddimah. In this chapter, entitled ‘The Book of Knowledge’ (Kitab al-‘Ilm), Ibn Khaldūn sketched his general idea about knowledge and science and its relationship with human social organization and the establishment of civilization. Zaid Ahmad investigates the philosophical foundation of Ibn Khaldūn’s concept of knowledge, the hierarchical order of science and the sociological context in which knowledge and science can be transformed into the force that determines the prosperity of civilization”—P. [i].


 

Al-ʻAsabiyya : a conflicting socio-religious factor in the modern times? : approximation of Nigeria's "groups-in-group" syndrome / Ikechukwu Mike Nduka.
Würzburg : Echter ; Altenberge : Oros, 1998.

“Ibn Khaldūn … undertook to search for the reasons within his time, which he believed, were responsible for those dark periods in Islamic social, religious and political history. At last he arrived at the term, ‘Asabiyya [‘Aṣabīyah: عصبيّة]: social solidarity, or blood relationship; a keyword responsible for the rise, expansion and decline of the great Islamic Empire. Ibn Khaldūn’s anatomy of the term, related to the biological cycle of birth-growth-death, justifies the view that every society bears in itself the seed of its destruction or fall”—P. 12.

 
Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Social institutions : Ibn Khaldun's social thought / by Fuad Baali.
Lanham, Md. : University Press of America, 1992.

[المؤسسات الاجتماعية : الفكر الاجتماعي عند ابن خلدون / فؤاد البعلي].

“Differences of conditions among people are the result of the different ways in which they make their living. Social organizations enables them to cooperate toward that end.” Ibn Khaldūn—P. iii.


Society, state, and urbanism : Ibn Khaldūn’s sociological thought / Fuad Baali.
Albany : State University of New York Press, c1988.

[المجتمع، الدولة، والعمران : الفكر الاجتماعي لدى ابن خلدون / فؤاد البعلي]

“This book probes the nature, scope, and methods of ‘ilm al-‘umarn [science of human social organization], the new science of human social organization, as it is developed in Ibn Khaldūn’s 14th century masterpiece, the Muqaddimah. It explores his ideas and observations on society, culture, socialization, social control, the state, ‘aṣabīyah (social solidarity), history as cyclical movement, urbanization, and the typology of badāwah (primitive life) and ḥaḍārah (civilized life or urbanism)”—P. [4] of cover.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

The political theory of Ibn Khaldūn / Muhammad Mahmoud Rabīʻ.
Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1967.

[النظرية السياسية عند ابن خلدون / محمد محمود ربيع]

“Realism and flexibility are among the most characteristic features of Ibn Khaldūn’s political theory. His goal was to demonstrate that human association can be defended against anarchy and misuse of luxury and power by applying the Sharī‘ah [Islamic Law] as the highest supreme power in the political system.” The second alternative is a combination of Sharī‘ah and mulk [secular system]. The third alternative is a secular system which Ibn Khaldūn clearly emphasizes that it can only survive and preserve human association if it is based on rational laws (Cf. p. 169).


Sociology of sociology : in search of-- Ibn-Khaldun's sociology : then and now / Saleh Faghirzadeh.
Tehran : Soroush Press, 1982.

“The writing of this study of Ibn Khaldūn has been guided by two main purposes: First, to present an extensive outline of his socio-historical ideas. Second, to interpret his thinking by relating the topics to the topics to each other in a systematic fashion”—P. [7].

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Étude analytique et critique de la philosophie sociale d'Ibn-Khaldoun [Analytical and critical study of the social philosophy of Ibn Khaldūn] / par T. Hussein.
Paris : A. Pedone, 1917.

Ṭāhā Ḥusayn’s doctoral dissertation on the social philosophy of Ibn Khaldūn which was presented to Faculté des lettres de Paris, 1917.


Ibn Khaldūn : L'homme et le théoricien de la civilisation [Ibn Khaldūn : the man and civilization theoretician] / Abdesselam Cheddadi.
[Paris] : Gallimard, 2006.

A new publication on Ibn Khaldūn, his life and his contribution to the history of civilization, in French by the contemporary Moroccan scholar and Ibn Khaldūn specialist Dr. ‘Abd al-Salām al-Shaddadī.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Khaldoun : naissance de l'histoire, passé du tiers-monde [Ibn Khaldūn : the birth of history, the past of the Third World] / Yves Lacoste.
Paris : Maspero, 1966.

A study of Ibn Khaldūn’s theories regarding the cyclical nature of history and his theories about the birth, growth, decline and fall of societies and states.

This work has also been translated into Arabic and English.


Ibn Khaldoun : naissance de l'histoire, passé du tiers-monde. English
Ibn Khaldūn : the birth of history and the past of the Third World / Yves Lacoste.
London : Verso, 1984.

[ابن خلدون : ولادة التاريخ وماضي العالم الثالث / إيڤ لاكوست]

“Those historians and philosophers who have had occasion to read his [Ibn Khaldūn] work praise him unstintingly: ‘Ibn Khaldūn was the greatest historian and philosopher ever produced by Islam and one of the greatest of all time.’ ‘The work of Ibn Khaldūn is one of the most substantial and interesting books ever written.’ ‘He has conceived and formulated a philosophy of history which is undoubtedly the greatest work of its kind that has ever yet been produced by any mind in any time or place’”—Preface, p. [1].

 
Click to see larger image.
 

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Khaldoun : sa philosophie sociale. Arabic.
Ibn Khaldūn : Falsafatuhu al-ijtimā‘īyah [Ibn Khaldūn : his sociological philosophy / by Gaston Bouthoul] / Ghāstūn Būtūl ; tarjamat ‘Ādil Zu‘aytir.
Bayrūt : al-Mu’assasah al-‘Arabīyah lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr, 1984.

ابن خلدون : فلسفته الاجتماعية / غاستون بوتول ؛ ترجمة عادل زعيتر.
بيروت : المؤسسة العربية للدراسات والنشر، 1984.

An exposition of Ibn Khaldūn’s philosophy of sociology.


Ibn Haldūn et l'histoire [Ibn Khaldūn and history]/ Mohamed Talbi.
Tunis : Maison tunisienne de l'édition, 1973.

A study of Ibn Khaldūn’s historical methodology and perception of history.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

La Magie arabe traditionnelle ... [Traditional Arabic Magic] / [traduit de l'arabe] ; introduction et notes bibliographiques de Sylvain Matton.
Ibn Khaldûn : La magie et la science des talismans.

Includes, among other works on traditional Arabic magic, a translation into French of chapters 28-29 of the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn on Magic and talismans and the secrets of the letters of the Alphabet:
‘Ulūm al-siḥr wa-al-ṭillismāt (علوم السحر والطلسمات),
‘Im asrār al-ḥurūf (علم أسرار الحروف).


Trois études sur Ibn Khaldoun [Three studies about Ibn Khaldūn] / Djeghloul Abdelkader.
Alger : Entreprise nationale du livre, 1984.

The three studies in French on Ibn Khaldūn by the Algerian scholar ʻAbd al-Qādir Jaghlūl dicussing his views on sociology, historical materialism, politics and history.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

La Pensée réaliste d'Ibn Khaldūn [The realistic thinking of Ibn Khaldūn] / par Nassif Nassar.
Paris : Presses universitaire de France, 1967.

The author’s doctoral dissertation presented to: La Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines de l’Université de Paris, 1965. An analytical and dialectical explanation of Ibn Khaldūn’s thinking. This work has also been translated into Arabic and Persian.


Kitāb al-ʻIbar. French. Selections
Peuples et nations du monde : extraits des ʻIbar / choisis, présentés, traduits de l'arabe et annotés par Abdesselam Cheddadi [People and nations of the world] :

Paris : Sindbad, 1986.

[مختارات من كتاب العبر لابن خلدون / اختارها، وقدّم لها وترجمها من العربية وعلّق عليها عبد
السلام الشدّادي].

Annotated translation into French of selections from the World history of Ibn Khaldūn (Kitab al-ʻIbar). In 2 vols.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Philosophie politique de l'islam : l'idée de l'Etat, de Ibn Khaldoun à aujourd'hui [Political philosophy of Islam : the idea of the state from Ibn Khaldūn to present] / Jamil Sayah.
Paris : Atelier de l'Archer, 2000.

Analysis of Ibn Khaldūn’s political ideas concerning the theory of the state in Islam.


Ibn Khaldūns Wissenschaft von der menschlichen Kultur [Ibn Khaldūn’s science of human culture] / Simon Heinrich.
Leipzig : O. Harrassowitz, 1959.

“Countries which have many tribes and groups seldom can the state “al-dawlah” become deep-rooted in them; the reason is the existence of many opinions and inclinations, and that behind every opinion and inclination exists social solidarity “‘aṣabīyah” to defend it”—P. 103 (Translation into English of the accompanying Arabic text).

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Khalduns gedanken über den staat : ein beitrag zur geschichte der mittelalterichen staatslehre [Ibn Khaldūn’s thought about the state : a contribution to the history of the theory of the state in the Middle Ages] / von Erwin Rosenthal.
München und Berlin : R. Oldenbourg, 1932.

A study of Ibn Khaldūn’s political thinking about the theory of the state.


Khalifat, Königtum und Verfall : die politsche Theorie Ibn Khaldūns [Caliphate, kingdom and decline : the political theory of Ibn Khaldūn] / Peter von Sivers.
[München] : P. List, [1968]

A study of Ibn Khaldūn’s political theory as it applies to the rise and fall of the political Islamic institution through the different stages of its development, decline and fall.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Istoriko-sot︠s︡iologicheskiĭ traktat Ibn Khalduna “Mukaddima” [Human urbanism in the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn] / S. M. Bat︠s︡ieva.
Moskva : Nauka Glav. red. vostochnoĭ lit-ry, 1965.

Analysis of Ibn Khaldūn’s sociological ideas in the Muqaddimah about the philosophy of human social organization, in Russian.


Ibn Chaldun tentang masjarakat dan Negara [Ibn Khaldūn’s views on society and state] / Osman Raliby.
Djakarta : Bulan Bintang, 1965.

A study in Indonesian about Ibn Khaldūn’s views on society and state.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ibn Ḥaldūn e la Muqaddima : una filosofia della storia [Ibn Khaldūn and the Muqaddimah : a philosophy of the history] / Giancarlo Pizzi.
Milano : All'insegna del pesce d'oro, 1985.

A study of Ibn Khaldūns philosophy of history with selections from the Muqaddimah translated into Italian.


Ibn Jaldún : el Mediterráneo en el siglo XIV : auge y declive de los imperios [Ibn Khaldūn : The Mediterranean [Region] in the XIV century : the rise and fall of empires]
Sevilla : Fundación El Legado Andalusí : Fundación José Manuel Lara, [2006]

Catalog of an exhibition held in the Real Alcázar de Sevilla, May-Sept. 2006. In 2 vols.

Click to see larger image.

Click to see larger image.

Ḥiwār ḥawla al-fikr al-Khaldūnī [A dialogue about the Ibn Khaldūn’s thinking] / [ma’a ‘Abd Allāh al-’Arawī ... et al.].
[Morocco] : Jarīdat al-Ittiḥād al-Ishtirākī, 1986.

حوار حول الفكر الخلدوني / [مع عبد الله العروي ... وآخرين].
[المغرب] : جريدة الاتحاد الاشتراكي، 1986.

Transcripts of interviews with ten Arab sociologists about the sociological thinking of Ibn Khaldūn, conducted by the Moroccan newspaper “al-Muḥarrir” in conjunction with the conference which was organized by the Faculty of Arts, University of Muḥammad al-Khāmis, Rabat, Morocco (Feb. 14 & 17, 1979).


 

al-Durr al-maṣūn bi-tahdhīb Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldūn : wa-ma‘hu al-madkhal ilá Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldūn [The well-guarded pearls concerning the revision of the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn : with an introduction to the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn] / hadhdhabahā wa-‘allaqa ‘alayhā Ḍiyā’ al-Dīn Rajab Shihāb al-Dīn.
al-Shāriqah : Dār al-Fatʹḥ, 1995.

الدرّ المصون بتهذيب مقدمة ابن خلدون : ومعه المدخل إلى مقدمة ابن خلدون / هذّبها وعلّق
عليها ضياء الدين رجب شهاب الدين.
الشارقة : دار الفتح، 1995.

An abridged and revised version of Ibn Khaldūn’s Muqaddimah with commentaries and explanations. Some sections of the Muqaddimah which the editor deemed irrelevant to the modern Arab reader were omitted. He states, however, that those who want to consult the complete version of the Muqaddimah can do so in its different unabridged editions.

 
Click to see larger image.