Samples of Arabic and Persian Calligraphy
prepared by Near East Collection at Yale University Library
The Colophon of an early 18th century copy of "al-Fatawa al-Bazzaziyah" a compendium of fatwas (legal opinions) issued by the Hanafite jurist Ibn al-Bazzaz (d. 1424). It is copied in "Ruq'ah", the script that has developed in Turkey and spread to the Arab Middle East following the Ottoman conquest of Syria and Egypt in 1516-17. "Ruq'ah" is now the standard script in the Arab Middle East.
Beinecke: Arabic ms. 166