WEBVOYAGE (OPAC) SEARCH INDEXES – FOUR-LETTER CODES

Command-Line Searching

 

 

 

In WebVoyage, the MARC field/subfield information used for searching is stored in three separate indexes: Keyword, Headings, and Left-Anchored1  These differ from one another in what particular field/subfield information is contained within, and/or in the way in which that data is accessed when a search command is executed.

 

The tables below identify four-letter codes that can be used for searching, as well as listing the specific MARC field/subfield combinations that are accessed for that type of search.  Following the tables are brief descriptions of each index and the “rules and regulations” according to which the data within is searched.

 

 

Index Searched:  Keyword (Composite Searches)

 

 

TO FIND:

SEARCH

CODE2

ORBIS2 SEARCH NAME

(if applicable)

INDEXED FIELDS

INDEXED SUBFIELDS

MARC21 FIELD NAME

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keyword Anywhere

GKEY

Keyword (MUST use… ) 3

all 010-9xx fields/subfields

 

MARC21 Fields (All)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISBN/ISSN

IKEY

ISBN/ISSN 4

020

az

International Standard Book Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Journal Title

JKEY

 

130

adfklmnoprs

Main Entry – Uniform Title

 

(for serial format only)

 

210

ab

Abbreviated Key Title

 

 

 

222

ab

Key Title

 

 

 

240

adfklmnoprs

Uniform Title

 

 

 

243

adfklmnoprs

Collective Uniform Title

 

 

 

245

abh

Title Statement

 

 

 

246

abfnp

Varying Form of Title

 

 

 

247

abfnp

Former Title or Title Variation

 

 

 

400

knptv

Series Statement/Added Entry - Personal Name/Title

 

 

 

410

knptv

Series Statement/Added Entry – Corporate Name/Title

 

 

 

411

knptv

Series Statement/Added Entry – Conference or Meeting/Title

 

 

 

440

anpv

Series Statement - Title

 

 

 

490

av

Series Statement

 

 

 

700

knpt

Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

710

knpt

Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

711

knpt

Added Entry– Meeting Name

 

 

 

730

adfklmnoprs

Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

740

anp

Added Entry – Uncontrolled Related/Analytical Title

 

 

 

773

abst

Host Item Entry

 

 

 

776

abst

Additional Physical Form Entry

 

 

 

780

abst

Preceding Entry

 

 

 

785

abst

Succeeding Entry

 

 

 

800

knptv

Series Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

810

knptv

Series Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

811

knptv

Series Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

830

anpv

Series Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

 

 

 

Publisher/Place/

Date

KPPD

Publisher/Place/Date 4

260

abc

Publication, Distribution, etc. (Imprint/Release)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Author

NKEY

Author 4

100

abcdefgjklnpq

Main Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

110

abcdefgjklnptu

Main Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

111

acdefgklnpqtu

Main Entry – Meetings and Conferences

 

 

 

400

acd

Series Statement/Added Entry – Personal Name/Title

 

 

 

410

abcdefgkl

Series Statement/Added Entry – Corporate Name/Title

 

 

 

411

acdefgkl

Series Statement/Added Entry – Conference or Meeting/Title

 

 

 

700

acdq

Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

710

abcdefgkl

Added Entry– Corporate Name

 

 

 

711

acdefgkl

Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

800

acdq

Series Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

810

abcdef

Series Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

811

acdefgkl

Series Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

NOTE

Notes 4

500

a

General Note

 

 

 

504

a

Bibliography/Discography Note

 

 

 

510

abcx

Citation/References Note

 

 

 

520

a

Summary, etc. Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series

SERI

 

400

acdknptv

Series Statement/Added Entry – Personal Name/Title

 

 

 

410

abcdefgklnptv

Series Statement/Added Entry – Corporate Name/Title

 

 

 

411

acdefgklnptv

Series Statement/Added Entry – Conference or Meeting/Title

 

 

 

440

anpv

Series Statement - Title

 

 

 

490

av

Series Statement

 

 

 

760

abst

Main Series Entry

 

 

 

800

acdknpqtv

Series Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

810

abcdefgklnptv

Series Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

811

acdefgklnptv

Series Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

830

anpv

Series Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subject

SKEY

Subject 4

600

abcdfgklmnopqrstvxyz

Subject Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

610

abcdfgklmnoprstvxyz

Subject Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

611

abcdefgklnpqstvxyz

Subject Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

630

adfgklmnoprstvxyz

Subject Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

650

abcdvxyz

Subject Added Entry – Topical Term

 

 

 

651

abvxyz

Subject Added Entry – Geographic Name

 

 

 

653

a

Index Term - Uncontrolled

 

 

 

655

abcvxyz

Index Term – Genre/Form

 

 

 

690

abvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Topical Term

 

 

 

691

abvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Geographic Name

 

 

 

692

abvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

693

abvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

694

abvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Meeting or Conference

 

 

 

695

abvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title

TKEY

Title 4

130

adfklmnoprs

Main Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

210

ab

Abbreviated Key Title

 

 

 

222

ab

Key Title

 

 

 

240

adfklmnoprs

Uniform Title

 

 

 

243

adfklmnoprs

Collective Uniform Title

 

 

 

245

abh

Title Statement

 

 

 

246

abfnp

Varying Form of Title

 

 

 

247

abfnp

Former Title or Title Variation

 

 

 

400

knptv

Series Statement/Added Entry - Personal Name/Title

 

 

 

410

knptv

Series Statement/Added Entry – Corporate Name/Title

 

 

 

411

knptv

Series Statement/Added Entry– Conference or Meeting/Title

 

 

 

440

anpv

Series Statement - Title

 

 

 

490

av

Series Statement

 

 

 

700

knpt

Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

710

knpt

Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

711

knpt

Added Entry– Meeting Name

 

 

 

730

adfklmnoprs

Added Entry– Uniform Title

 

 

 

740

anp

Added Entry – Uncontrolled Related/Analytical Title

 

 

 

773

abst

Host Item Entry

 

 

 

776

abst

Addl. Physical Form Entry

 

 

 

780

abst

Preceding Entry

 

 

 

785

abst

Succeeding Entry

 

 

 

800

knptv

Series Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

810

knptv

Series Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

811

knptv

Series Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

830

anpv

Series Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genre or Form

655A

Genre/Form 4

655

abcvxyz

Index Term – Genre/Form

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Local Subject Headings

690A

Local Subjects 4

690

abcdfgklmnopqrstvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Topical Term

 

691A

 

691

abvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Geographic Name

 

692A

 

692

abcdfgklmnoprstvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Personal Name

 

693A

 

693

abcdfgklmnoprstvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

695A

 

695

adfgklmnoprstvxyz

Local Subject Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 


 

Index Searched:  Headings

 

 

TO FIND:

SEARCH CODE2

ORBIS2 NAME

(if applicable)

INDEXED FIELDS

INDEXED SUBFIELDS

MARC21 FIELD NAME

 

 

 

 

 

 

Author/

Composer

AUTH

Author/Composer (Sorted by Title) 3

100 (with title fields = 240 adfgklmnopr, 243 adfgklmnopr, or 245 afgknps)

abcdkq

Main Entry – Personal Name with Uniform Title, Collective Uniform Title, or Title Statement

 

 

 

110 (with title fields = 240 adfgklmnopr, 243 adfgklmnopr, or 245 afgknps)

abcdgkn

Main Entry – Corporate Name with Uniform Title, Collective Uniform Title, or Title Statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

111 (with title fields = 240 adfgklmnopr, 243 adfgklmnopr, or 245 afgknps)

abcdegknq

Main Entry – Meeting Name with Uniform Title, Collective Uniform Title, or Title Statement

 

 

 

130 (with title field = 245 afgknps)

adfgklmnoprs

Main Entry – Uniform Title with Title Statement 

 

 

 

410 (with title subfields = adfgklnpt)

abcdgkn

Series Statement/Added Entry – Corporate Name/Title (USA only)

 

 

 

411 (with title subfields = dfgklnpt)

abcdegknq

Series Statement/Added Entry – Conference or Meeting Name/Title (USA only)

 

 

 

700 (with title subfields = fgklmnoprt)

abcdkq

Added Entry – Personal Name/Title

 

 

 

710 (with title subfields = dfgklmnoprst)

abcdgkn

Added Entry – Corporate Name/Title

 

 

 

711 (with title subfields = fgklnpst)

abcdegknq

Added Entry – Meeting Name/Title

 

 

 

800 (with title subfields = fgklmnoprt)

abcdkq

Series Added Entry – Personal Name/Title

 

 

 

810 (with title subfields = dfgklmnoprst)

abcdgkn

Series Added Entry – Meeting Name/Title

 

 

 

811 (with title subfields = fgklnpst)

abcdegknq

Series Added Entry – Meeting Name/Title

 

 

 

X00 (with title subfields = fgklmnoprt)

abcdkq

Authority Record for Personal Names/Titles

 

 

 

X10 (with title subfields = dfgklmnoprst)

abcdgkn

Authority Record for Corporate Names/Titles

 

 

 

X11 (with title subfields = fgklnpst)

abcdegknq

Authority Record for Meeting Names/Titles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Call Number (MFHD)

[Call Number Index]

CALL

Call Number 3

852

 

 

 

hi [all first indicator = 1 values

Location

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Author

 

NAME

 

Author (Last Name, First Name) 3

 

100

 

abcdkq

 

Main Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

110

abcdgkn

Main Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

111

abcdegknq

Main Entry – Meetings and Conferences

 

 

 

400

abcdkq

Series Statement/Added Entry – Personal Name/Title

 

 

 

410

abcdgkn

Series Statement/Added Entry – Corporate Name/Title

 

 

 

411

abcdegknq

Series Statement/Added Entry – Meeting Name [USA only]

 

 

 

700

abcdkq

Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

710

abcdgkn

Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

711

abcdegknq

Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

800

abcdkq

Series Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

810

abcdgkn

Series Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

811

abcdegknq

Series Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

X00

abcdkq

Authority Record for Personal Names

 

 

 

X10

abcdgkn

Authority Record for Corporate Names

 

 

 

X11

abcdegknq

Authority Record for Meeting Names

 

 

 

X51

ab

Authority Record for Names of Jurisdictions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subject

SUBJ

Subject 3

600 (with title subfields = fgklmnopr and subdivision subfields = vxyz)

abcdkq

Subject Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

610 (with title subfields = dfgklmnoprst and subdivision subfields = vxyz)

abcdgkn;

Subject Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

611 (with title subfields = fgklnpst and subdivision subfields = vxyz)

abcdegknq

Subject Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

630 (with subdivision subfields = vxyz)

adfgklmnoprs

Subject Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

650 (with subdivision subfields = vxyz)

abcd

Subject Added Entry – Topical Term

 

 

 

651 (with subdivision subfields = vxyz)

ab

Subject Added Entry – Geographic Name

 

 

 

X00 (with title subfields = fgklmnoprt and subdivision subfields = vxyz)

abcdkq

Authority Record for Personal Names as Subjects

 

 

 

X10 (with title subfields = dfgklmnoprst and subdivision subfields = vxyz)

abcdgkn

Authority Record for Corporate Names as Subjects

 

 

 

X11 (with title subfields = fglnpst and subdivision subfields = vxyz)

abcdegknq

Authority Record for Meeting Names as Subjects

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uniform Title, Main Entry

TITL

Uniform Title Main Entry (e.g. Beowulf, Bible, etc.) 3

130

adfgklmnoprs

Main Entry – Uniform Title with Title Statement

 

 

 

440

anp

Series Statement - Title

 

 

 

730

adfgklmnoprs

Added Entry– Uniform Title

 

 

 

830

adfgklmnoprs

Series Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

X30

adfgklmnoprs

Authority Record for Uniform Titles – General Information

 

 

 

 


 

 

Index Searched:  Left-Anchored (Composite Searches)

 

 

TO FIND:

SEARCH CODE 2

ORBIS2 NAME

(if applicable)

INDEXED FIELDS

INDEXED SUBFIELDS

MARC21 FIELD NAME

 

 

 

 

 

 

Journal Title

JALL

Journal Title 3

[same as TALL, but bib level = s]

 

Main Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title

TALL

Title (Omit leading articles …) 3

130

adfghklmnoprst

Main Entry - Uniform Title

 

 

 

210

ab

Abbreviated Title

 

 

 

211

ab

Acronym/Short Title [obsolete]

 

 

 

212

a

Variant Access Title [obsolete]

 

 

 

222

ab

Key Title

 

 

 

240

adfghklmnoprs

Uniform Title

 

 

 

245

abfghknps

Title Statement

 

 

 

246

abfghnp

Varying Form of Title

 

 

 

247

abfghnpx

Former Title or Title Variations

 

 

 

400

t

Series Statement/Added Entry – Personal Name [USA only]

 

 

 

410

t

Series Statement/Added Entry – Corporate Name [USA only]

 

 

 

411

t

Series Statement/Added Entry – Meeting Name [USA only]

 

 

 

440

anopvx

Series Statement/Added Entry – Title

 

 

 

730

adfghklmnoprstx

Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

740

ahnp

Added Entry – Uncontrolled Related/Analytical Title

 

 

 

760

t

Main Series Entry

 

 

 

762

t

Subseries Entry

 

 

 

767

abst

Translation Entry

 

 

 

772

at

Parent Record Entry

 

 

 

773

at

Host Item Entry

 

 

 

780

t

Preceding Entry

 

 

 

785

t

Succeeding Entry

 

 

 

800

t

Series Added Entry – Personal Name

 

 

 

810

t

Series Added Entry – Corporate Name

 

 

 

811

t

Series Added Entry – Meeting Name

 

 

 

830

adfghklmnoprstv

Series Added Entry – Uniform Title

 

 

 

 

______________________________

 

1 A left-anchored index search begins from the left side of the search string entered and moves through the character string to the right—i.e., in searching a left-anchored index, search results will only include those records that begin with the search string that has been entered (theoretically, such a string could be a letter, a word, or a group of words).  The search term that is entered is treated as both a complete word and as the beginning of a longer word (or phrase).  All headings indexes are left-anchored.  The records in a display that results from a left-anchored index (or headings index) search would therefore all begin with the same letter, word, or phrase that has been entered.  In a left-anchored index, the more characters that are entered in the search string, the smaller the retrieval will be (consider that entering an “a” will retrieve every record that begins with the letter “a”).

 

Example: If a TALL search equals “yale”, then the title display list would include Yale, Yale Art Review, Yale College and Yale Graduate School. A report prepared for the New England Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, inc, etc.

 

 

 

2 All four-letter code searches are entered on the “simple search” page of ORBIS2, using Keyword (must use and/or/not or “ ”) as the selected “Find Results In” selection.  [If using the ORBIS2 Search Name, then select from the drop-down menus.  Depending upon the type of search, these can be found on either the Simple” or the “Complex” search pages.]  If the search is comprised of more than one word, then it must either be enclosed in quotation marks (indicating a phrase search) or connected with a Boolean operator (e.g. “and” or “or”).  Failure to do so will result in an error message.

 

 

 

3 These ORBIS 2 search names are found in the drop-down menu (“Find Results In”) on the Simple Search page.

 

 

 

4 These ORBIS 2 search names are found in the drop-down menu (“Find Results In”) on the Complex Search page.

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX DEFINITIONS

 

 

Keyword Index:  A keyword search is not left-anchored.  The search term is matched against all of the MARC field/subfields in the Keyword Index, whether that term is in the title, note field, or subject, etc., unless the search, itself, specifies a particular type of match (e.g. “TKEY” would be limited to only those matches that occur in MARC field/subfield combinations that are title-related).  The “Keyword Index” includes all of the MARC21 fields and their respective subfields that appear in a given bibliographic database.  Each MARC field and its subfield makes up an individual record, so that 245 |a, 245 |b, 245 |c, etc., are separate records.   Keyword searches can therefore be made of any single MARC field/subfield or combinations of MARC field/subfields.  A keyword search results in a title display of individual records that contain the search string.  Note that unless truncation (?) is specifically used, search terms that are entered must be complete words.  Unlike left-anchored indexes, a keyword index search is not automatically truncated.

Example:  if a TKEY search equals “Yale,” then the title display list would include 1940’s Radio Hour (which is a title in the Yale miscellaneous scripts series) 20 artists : Yale School of Art, 1950-1970, Yale University softball media guide, etc. (i.e., the TKEY search would include any title that contains the word, “yale” anywhere in the title).

 

Headings Index:  The “Headings Index” includes those fields in bibliographic records that are subject to authority control, as well as fields in the MARC21 authority records, themselves.  Since a headings search is left-anchored (see above), a headings search must contain exactly the same first characters as they appear in an authority record (read left to right).  Search results will include headings where the first term exactly match the search statement, as well as headings that contain additional characters beyond those that have been entered (as if the end of the search statement contained an automatic truncation symbol).  A headings search results in a display of headings and cross references that match the entered search statement.  Selection of a heading then leads to an index display of the individual records that contain that heading.

Example:  a headings search for the word “novel” will bring up a headings display that includes the authority records for “novel,” ”novel in history,” “novelists,” “novelists, English, in literature,” etc., as well as any cross-references which begin with the characters “novel.”  A headings search results in a display for the type of heading searched (e.g. personal name).  If there are titles associated with that heading, then clicking on the record number next to the heading will bring up a list of those titles.

 

Left-Anchored Index:   Left-anchored index searches are composite searches, which means that they are comprised of topically related single-field indexes which have been combined to create a composite search type with its own search name.  Only two types of composite searches in WebVoyage make use of the “Left-Anchored Index” : “JALL” (journal titles) and “TALL”  (titles).  These search types include all of the single-field indexes for titles or journal titles.  Like the MARC21 field/subfield combinations that are included in the Headings Index, field/subfield combinations in the Left-Anchored Index replicate the data as it appears in the indexed field, beginning with the first character of the first word in the first indexed subfield, reading to the right until it reaches the end of the field, omitting subfield delimiters, subfield codes, punctuation, and any data in any subfield that is not indexed.  Again, as in searches in the Headings Index, the system automatically supplies a truncation symbol to the end of any left-anchored index search statement so that the search results include records that exactly match the search statement, as well as those left-anchored index entries that include more characters to the right.  A left-anchored index search results in a title display of individual records that begin with the first letter(s) entered in the search string.

            Example:  if a TALL search equals “Yale,” then the title display list would include Yale, Yale alumni song book, 3rd edition, The Yale edition of Horace Walpole's correspondence, Yalensia [memorabilia of Yale fraternities], and Ya`lezu Hasidim (i.e., the TALL search would include any title that begins with the letters “yale”).



04/18/2002