Yale University Library Slavic and East European Collection link to Yale University Library home page link to Slavic and East European Collection page

 

Coins and Medals of Imperial Russia: Ivan IV

Quick Links
Newspapers Selected Internet Resources Online Databases Research Guide Online News Language Resources Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State SEEC Library Fellows Program Related Yale Sites Librarian: Tatjana Lorkovic
Tanja Lorkovic
Email: tatjana.lorkovic@yale.edu
Phone: (203) 432-1861
Fax: (203) 432-7231
Mailing Address :
Yale University Library
P.O. Box 208240
130 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06520-8240
** Click the image for detail view
Ivan IV, "the Rerrible" (1533-1584 - as ruler)

Ivan IV, popularly known as “Ivan the Terrible,” a strong and formidable ruler. The epithet “Terrible” is in fact a mistranslation from the Russian-language word “Groznyi” which in reality means “stern,” “formidable,” “feared by enemies.” Ivan’s long reign was marked by violent internal conflict and a series of wars against many foreign foes sparked by his desire to expand Muscovy’s frontiers, especially along and beyond the Volga river and to the Baltic seacoast in the west.

Th Reform of 1534

In 1534 a unified Russian monetary system made its first appearance, facilitated by the formation of a strong Russian state centered in Moscow. The currency reform was instituted by Elena Glinskaya, mother of Ivan IV.

Coinage technique

From the 14th century up till Peter the Great's the minting technique of the silver coinage was as follows: silver was rolled into wire and sliced into equal sections of the proper weight. Little plates of slightly oval shape resulted. Relatively standard weight of the coins was achieved. The coins were struck by being placed between dies at which point the operator would hammer the upper die against the lower die. In 1704 the first Russian rubles were coined in Moscow. One hundred kopecks made a ruble.

coin thumbnail coin thumbnail 1 kopeck piece depicting a rider with a lance (kopie) thrust downward, copied from a Lithuanian pattern. This motif can be seen in many examples of Russian coinage up to the nineteenth century.
Collection of Coins and Medals
Yale University Art Gallery
2001.87.319

coin thumbnail coin thumbnail 1 silver kopeck piece.


Collection of Coins and Medals
Yale University Art Gallery
2001.87.320