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Microform Collection: Documentary evidence of underground and guerrilla activities during the Nazi occupation of Kiev and the Kiev Oblast'

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from the holdings of the State Archive of Kiev Oblast', Kiev, Ukraine

In August-September 1941 the Battle of Kiev was fought by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. At one point, the enemy pushed forward hundreds of kilometers. In reaction, the Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee recommended the creation of underground resistance movements in areas captured by the enemy.

However, suspicion, mistrust, and intolerance were the Soviet reality in the late 1930s, and all experienced specialists had been repressed. The result was an under-trained, under-armed, and ill-equipped underground resistance movement. This may have played a contributing factor in Nazi Germany prevailing and then occupying Kiev from September 19, 1941 through November 6, 1943.

It was not until the end of 1941 when members of the guerilla movements had come together to become an organized operation.

This collection brings together a wealth of documentary evidence from these underground and guerilla movements. Organized into six major parts, the collection contains holdings rich in a variety of areas of interest:

  • Reports dealing with the operation of underground Bolshevik organizations and guerrilla units
  • A complete list of the guerrilla units, their locations and members
  • Lists of built-up areas destroyed by Nazi troops in retaliation for armed resistance by guerrilla units
  • Information about concentration camps for prisoners of war or about the civilian population killed or deported as forced laborers to Germany
  • Reports on armored train operations during the Soviet defense of Kiev
  • Minutes of secret meetings held by underground fighters
  • Documents of the commissions for the affairs of former guerrillas of the urban and rural executive committees of the Kiev Oblast'

Put together in the archives of the Kiev Oblast' Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine in the late 1970s and the early 1980s, this important collection is finally available in microfilm format. These materials are of interest to WWII researchers and scholars of Ukrainian history.

Published: Minneapolis, MN : Eastview Information Services, 2007.
Description: 102 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.

Library has: reel 1-reel 102
Reel 1 is a film copy of an index.
Russian or Ukrainian; with introduction also in English.

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LOCATION: SML, Microform (Non-Circulating)
CALL NUMBER: Film B20754