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Microform Collection: Cultural policies and plunder of the Third Reich in occupied Europe

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Files of the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg in Kiev

From the holdings of the State Central Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine in Kiev, Ukraine

Published: Woodbridge, CT : Primary Source Media, 2007.
Description: 45 microfilm reels ; 35 mm. + 1 printed guide (xii, [36] leaves ; 28 cm.)

The Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR) formulated and promoted Nazi ideology and oversaw cultural affairs of the Nazi regime. During Word War II it led Nazi efforts to study, catalog, and capture cultural materials, both in public and private possession, from the occupied countries of Europe. Among the ERR's objectives was an effort to understand the ideological and philosophical underpinnings of "opponents of National Socialism." Day-to-day activities included exportation en masse of cultural artifacts to Germany.

Housed at the Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine in Kiev are the ERR's daily and weekly reports from 1940 till early 1943 of its inspections and confiscations of library artifacts. They include reports detailing inspections of private apartments-primarily those of Jewish citizens-and the "requisitioning" of libraries, archives, and private collections from such private residences. Judaica and Hebraica materials confiscated from public and private libraries alike were forwarded to the "Institute for Research of Jewish Question," a Nazi research center that had been envisioned as a museum that would chronicle Jewish life prior to its post-war extinction.

A considerable part of ERR archives comprise highly informative summaries and analyses prepared by the different "work groups" within the organization. These groups, which operated in the occupied territories of Soviet Union, built detailed studies that disclosed, among other things, the inner workings of the Soviet system, standards of living within the USSR, psychology of Soviet citizens, the functioning of the Soviet health care system (based on examples from different cities), and other topics that addressed scientific and cultural aspects of Soviet life.

Propaganda of Nazi racial ideology and agitation among local population on the occupied territories was one of ERR's major functions. ERR groups collected examples of Soviet propaganda and scientific works on anthropology, physiology and racial theory to be used for Nazi propagandistic purposes. Researchers will find various examples of Nazi propaganda for which Soviet propaganda was used and instructions regarding recycling "Bolshevik" monographs and periodical publications; reviews of Soviet press and propaganda literature; articles written by collaborating scientists and instructions regarding using science for propaganda and agitation purposes.

Files also include materials relating to other occupied European countries: Belgium, France, Netherlands, among others.

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LOCATION: SML, Microform (Non-Circulating)
CALL NUMBER: Film B20855