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Microform Collection: The Papers of the White Army, 1918-1921

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Tanja Lorkovic
Email: tatjana.lorkovic@yale.edu
Phone: (203) 432-1861
Fax: (203) 432-7231
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From the Russian State Military-Historical Archive (RGVIA)

The counter-revolutionaries, opposed to the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War of 1918-1921, drew strength from across the political spectrum. The Whites included all shades of anti-Communist opinion, from Czarists to Socialist Revolutionaries, and posed a deadly threat to the Bolshevik regime. During the first stages of the Civil War, the Whites scored notable victories and at times seemed poised to overthrow the Reds. However, poorly supplied, united only by opposition to Bolshevism, lacking a unified command, and forced to fight on exterior lines of communication, the Whites suffered savage defeats. By the end of 1920, they had been effectively defeated.

This important collection, which contains both documents captured by the Bolsheviks during the war and those obtained by Soviet authorities after the fighting had ceased, offers scholars an unprecedented opportunity to examine the nature and history of the White opposition. Included are papers of the White high command, including those of Kolchak, Savinkov, Alekseev, Kornilov and Denekin. Other sections of the collection deal with White occupation policy and governance. Particular attention is paid to the White's ineffective and oppressive response to ethnic aspirations and national independence movements.

Yale owns all 71 microfilm reels of the collection. Scholars can consult these sources in the Microtext Reading Room, which is in the basement of Sterling Memorial Library. A published guide to the collection is in the Microtext Reading Room under the call number Z2519 +P38 2000(LC).

Sterling Library's hours of operation
LOCATION: SML, Microform (Non-Circulating)
CALL NUMBER: Film B18263