Burden Sharing in Support of the United Nations
Appendix B


The estimates of individual country assessments presented in this paper were devised, in principle, to show what kind of economic and statistical considerations could be brought to bear on the problem of international burden sharing. The approaches of this paper evolved first from attempts to share the cost of financing a UN standing army (see footnote 2). That was purely hypothetical and based on very rough estimates of what such an endeavor might cost. In that research, a budget of $50 billion was assumed, as a base case, and is much larger than the present practical case of financing a core budget for the UN Secretariat of less than $1.5 billion.

As has been explained in the text, data were taken from the Human Development Report and from the PENN Tables. This was done in order to examine the effects of alternative valuation procedures for international comparisons and for alternative concepts of a featured aggregate (gross domestic product, gross national product, national income, etc.). During the recent period (spring 1997) of intense discussion of financing the UN, at a very practical and specific level and also at a very political level, it became appropriate for us to look into calculations with our approach, according to Rule 4 (see Appendix A).

In this latest application of our assessment principles worked out in this Appendix, we followed some definite specifications:

1. The total sum to be considered is $1.248 billion (not $1.5 billion).

2. The aggregate concept to be used is adjusted national income. The adjustment involves a subtraction from income of a low income allowance and for special consideration of heavily indebted countries. These allowances are thus implicit in the estimated figures for the assessable base.

3. Market exchange rates are used for conversion of each country's adjusted national income to current US dollars.

4. Only UN member countries are to be included in the calculation. This was not the case in the tabuluations from the PENN Tables and the Human Development Report.

In addition, a slight change was made in the procedure for estimating the parameters (A,a) of

T/N = A(Y/N)a

We imposed a constraint that the total sum of assessments had to equal $1,248 billion. Instead of forcing the fitted curve to pass through two points (a floor and a ceiling) we determined a value for a by fixing the ratio of "ceiling" to "floor" values of the fitted function. Also, instead of choosing the ceiling value by making the US assessment 25% of the total sum, we made computations for 5 different values - 20%, 21%, 22%, 23%, and 24%. Political sentiment has subsequently drifted towards 20%. The programming is extremely simple-to-compute assessments for 5 different ceiling values, all at once. Finally, the income values are averaged over an 5-year period. The calculated assessment results, therefore, correspond to a similar 5-year average.

Countries are listed alphabetically in Table 7 below, and results are presented in five columns, each column being headed by the assumed US share (0.24, ..., 0.20). The rows under each US share value show estimates of A and a in the share formula for Rule 4. Each country has values in two rows. The first row gives five assessment amounts in thousands of US dollars corresponding to each column heading for the US share. The second row for each country gives the share of each country's assessment in the total, which is always fixed at $1,248 million. When the US share is fixed at 24%, the Afghan assessment is $115.18 thousand, and this is 0.009 percent of $1,247,977.078 thousand. In Table 6, the Afghan contribution is set approximately at $240 thousand, in 1993 prices (PPP, GDP). Canada, in Table 6, shows values of $31.1 million (market exchange rates, GNP) and 33.87 million (PPP, GDP). In the tabulation of this appendix, Canada's figure, for the US contribution at 24%, is $38.788 million.

Table 7

CONTRIBUTION FOR EACH COUNTRY (IN THOUSAND US$)

BASED ON FIVE­YEAR AVERAGE PER­CAPITA INCOME (1988­1992)

UNDER FIVE DIFFERENT ASSUMPTIONS OF THE US SHARE




US Share0.24 0.230.22 0.210.20
A0.00001047 0.000011380.00001239 0.000013550.00001486
a1.212099 1.2045861.19674 1.1885291.179917
AFGHANISTAN115.180 120.259125.552 131.406137.623
%Share0.009 0.0100.010 0.0110.011
ALBANIA68.473 70.99573.581 76.42779.404
%Share0.005 0.0060.006 0.0060.006
ALGERIA2031.251 2088.5572145.822 2208.5572272.731
%Share0.163 0.1670.172 0.1770.182
ANDORRA45.757 46.33046.841 47.40647.931
%Share0.004 0.0040.004 0.0040.004
ANGOLA228.756 236.948245.324 254.537264.153
%Share0.018 0.0190.020 0.0200.021
ANTIGUA & BARBUDA 21.38321.797 22.19422.628 23.056
%Share0.002 0.0020.002 0.0020.002
ARGENTINA5376.865 5504.0815628.851 5765.3885902.813
%Share0.431 0.4410.451 0.4620.473
ARMENIA239.826 246.825253.843 261.533269.424
%Share0.019 0.0200.020 0.0210.022
AUSTRALIA17795.768 18010.82118201.646 18412.88018607.621
%Share1.426 1.4431.458 1.4751.491
AUSTRIA10947.793 11058.85911153.664 11259.47711353.571
%Share0.877 0.8860.894 0.9020.910
AZERBAIJAN479.522 493.634507.794 523.316539.251
%Share0.038 0.0400.041 0.0420.043
BAHAMAS175.550 178.129180.501 183.110185.594
%Share0.014 0.0140.014 0.0150.015
BAHRAIN171.438 174.716177.849 181.281184.659
%Share0.014 0.0140.014 0.0150.015
BANGLADESH635.218 664.074694.214 727.593763.121
%Share0.051 0.0530.056 0.0580.061
BARBADOS99.643 101.467103.201 105.100106.960
%Share0.008 0.0080.008 0.0080.009
BELARUS1517.616 1554.6421591.079 1630.9561671.211
%Share0.122 0.1250.127 0.1310.134
BELGIUM12444.191 12580.43612698.823 12830.43712949.455
%Share0.997 1.0081.018 1.0281.038
BELIZE17.387 17.86418.339 18.86019.391
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0020.002
BENIN58.514 60.86363.289 65.96668.786
%Share0.005 0.0050.005 0.0050.006
BHUTAN6.232 6.5286.839 7.1837.551
%Share0.000 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
BOLIVIA191.641 198.412205.326 212.928220.855
%Share0.015 0.0160.016 0.0170.018
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA 251.498259.212 266.984275.508 284.291
%Share0.020 0.0210.021 0.0220.023
BOTSWANA142.906 146.620150.301 154.329158.420
%Share0.011 0.0120.012 0.0120.013
BRAZIL21033.346 21552.92122064.942 22625.32323191.672
%Share1.685 1.7271.768 1.8131.858
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM245.803 248.908251.687 254.759257.613
%Share0.020 0.0200.020 0.0200.021
BULGARIA498.592 513.872529.268 546.153563.549
%Share0.040 0.0410.042 0.0440.045
BURKINA FASO60.742 63.42766.224 69.32072.607
%Share0.005 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
BURUNDI29.442 30.78832.194 33.75135.410
%Share0.002 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
CAMBODIA14.107 14.85815.653 16.53917.494
%Share0.001 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
CAMEROON501.721 517.879534.237 552.189570.764
%Share0.040 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
US Share0.24 0.230.22 0.210.20
A0.00001047 0.000011380.00001239 0.000013550.00001486
a1.212099 1.2045861.19674 1.1885291.179917
CANADA38788.382 39175.98539505.607 39873.81840200.088
%Share3.108 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
CAPE VERDE12.493 12.91513.343 13.81414.302
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC 46.25848.057 49.91051.952 54.098
%Share0.004 0.0040.004 0.0040.004
CHAD33.735 35.24936.830 38.57940.440
%Share0.003 0.0030.003 0.0030.003
CHILE1264.304 1298.6381332.814 1370.2401408.396
%Share0.101 0.1040.107 0.1100.113
CHINA19101.175 19834.75520589.614 21421.26822294.376
%Share1.531 1.5891.650 1.7161.786
COLOMBIA1521.511 1569.7401618.489 1671.9801727.249
%Share0.122 0.1260.130 0.1340.138
COMOROS7.264 7.5537.851 8.1808.527
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
CONGO47.365 49.10850.895 52.86254.919
%Share0.004 0.0040.004 0.0040.004
COSTA RICA222.874 229.306235.748 242.808250.043
%Share0.018 0.0180.019 0.0190.020
COTE D'IVOIRE312.398 323.486334.815 347.272360.265
%Share0.025 0.0260.027 0.0280.029
CROATIA571.099 585.782600.314 616.222632.360
%Share0.046 0.0470.048 0.0490.051
CUBA557.040 574.308591.726 610.831630.535
%Share0.045 0.0460.047 0.0490.051
CYPRUS293.314 298.544303.498 308.926314.227
%Share0.024 0.0240.024 0.0250.025
CZECH REPUBLIC1369.565 1403.9671437.930 1475.1031512.731
%Share0.110 0.1120.115 0.1180.121
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA 864.261892.605 921.349952.907 985.609
%Share0.069 0.0720.074 0.0760.079
DENMARK9229.661 9309.7559375.323 9449.2429512.346
%Share0.740 0.7460.751 0.7570.762
DJIBOUTI21.206 21.87522.552 23.29424.060
%Share0.002 0.0020.002 0.0020.002
DOMINICA7.970 8.1798.387 8.6148.845
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 239.118247.226 255.474264.535 273.951
%Share0.019 0.0200.020 0.0210.022
ECUADOR276.107 285.898295.900 306.899318.370
%Share0.022 0.0230.024 0.0250.026
EGYPT1927.745 1991.9072057.065 2128.6202202.859
%Share0.154 0.1600.165 0.1710.177
EL SALVADOR235.602 243.122250.728 259.075267.705
%Share0.019 0.0190.020 0.0210.021
EQUATORIAL GUINEA4.328 4.5024.683 4.8825.092
%Share0.000 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
ERITREA9.325 9.78610.272 10.81111.389
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
ESTONIA255.302 261.389267.364 273.903280.489
%Share0.020 0.0210.021 0.0220.022
ETHIOPIA NEW123.663 129.881136.434 143.720151.540
%Share0.010 0.0100.011 0.0120.012
FIJI53.991 55.54557.102 58.80760.555
%Share0.004 0.0040.005 0.0050.005
FINLAND7978.149 8053.0768115.785 8186.0998247.450
%Share0.639 0.6450.650 0.6560.661
FRANCE80882.509 81700.59382398.382 83177.32883869.516
%Share6.481 6.5476.603 6.6656.720
GABON150.397 154.194157.945 162.050166.207
%Share0.012 0.0120.013 0.0130.013
GAMBIA7.587 7.9098.244 8.6139.005
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
GEORGIA476.708 489.932503.124 517.573532.332
%Share0.038 0.0390.040 0.0410.043
US Share0.24 0.230.22 0.210.20
A0.00001047 0.000011380.00001239 0.000013550.00001486
a1.212099 1.2045861.19674 1.1885291.179917
GERMANY114333.322 115483.674116463.606 117557.833118528.991
%Share9.161 9.2549.332 9.4209.498
GHANA177.623 184.831192.285 200.509209.183
%Share0.014 0.0150.015 0.0160.017
GREECE3844.236 3915.1053982.515 4056.3694128.767
%Share0.308 0.3140.319 0.3250.331
GRENADA8.987 9.2309.471 9.73410.003
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
GUATEMALA365.005 376.976389.117 402.447416.259
%Share0.029 0.0300.031 0.0320.033
GUINEA84.581 87.89591.311 95.07799.037
%Share0.007 0.0070.007 0.0080.008
GUINEA­BISSAU 3.6213.795 3.9784.180 4.396
%Share0.000 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
GUYANA12.480 12.48012.480 12.48012.480
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
HAITI64.121 66.79769.571 72.63475.873
%Share0.005 0.0050.006 0.0060.006
HONDURAS144.279 149.331154.486 160.152166.057
%Share0.012 0.0120.012 0.0130.013
HUNGARY1384.132 1418.9701453.371 1491.0241529.144
%Share0.111 0.1140.116 0.1190.123
ICELAND442.691 446.621449.859 453.504456.636
%Share0.035 0.0360.036 0.0360.037
INDIA8031.816 8369.1108718.982 9105.4369514.126
%Share0.644 0.6710.699 0.7300.762
INDONESIA3367.799 3495.0033625.698 3769.6273920.525
%Share0.270 0.2800.291 0.3020.314
IRAN3392.506 3495.4193599.003 3712.5833829.504
%Share0.272 0.2800.288 0.2970.307
IRAQ1856.284 1905.9061955.219 2009.2152064.185
%Share0.149 0.1530.157 0.1610.165
IRELAND2408.433 2443.8422476.407 2512.2282546.327
%Share0.193 0.1960.198 0.2010.204
ISRAEL3365.796 3414.4693459.107 3508.2323554.881
%Share0.270 0.2740.277 0.2810.285
ITALY73209.595 74003.49874691.861 75457.49076148.449
%Share5.866 5.9305.985 6.0466.102
JAMAICA104.190 107.553110.958 114.696118.564
%Share0.008 0.0090.009 0.0090.010
JAPAN236347.115 238303.968239883.360 241670.377243174.183
%Share18.938 19.09519.222 19.36519.485
JORDAN135.783 140.375145.045 150.176155.506
%Share0.011 0.0110.012 0.0120.012
KAZAKHSTAN1470.107 1510.8711551.536 1596.0761641.569
%Share0.118 0.1210.124 0.1280.132
KENYA250.434 260.770271.476 283.295295.776
%Share0.020 0.0210.022 0.0230.024
KUWAIT1729.045 1752.3781773.522 1796.8371818.742
%Share0.139 0.1400.142 0.1440.146
KYRGYZSTAN249.776 257.392265.062 273.473282.135
%Share0.020 0.0210.021 0.0220.023
LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC 18.50919.378 20.28921.298 22.376
%Share0.001 0.0020.002 0.0020.002
LATVIA450.463 461.092471.512 482.916494.390
%Share0.036 0.0370.038 0.0390.040
LEBANON152.019 156.683161.383 166.537171.847
%Share0.012 0.0130.013 0.0130.014
LESOTHO36.374 37.71739.095 40.61142.198
%Share0.003 0.0030.003 0.0030.003
LIBERIA20.375 21.25522.170 23.18124.253
%Share0.002 0.0020.002 0.0020.002
LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIYIRA 1680.8511712.132 1741.9261774.563 1806.593
%Share0.135 0.1370.140 0.1420.145
LIECHTENSTEIN80.892 81.35381.674 82.05382.323
%Share0.006 0.0070.007 0.0070.007
US Share0.24 0.230.22 0.210.20
A0.00001047 0.000011380.00001239 0.000013550.00001486
a1.212099 1.2045861.19674 1.1885291.179917
LITHUANIA383.405 393.647403.823 414.966426.309
%Share0.031 0.0320.032 0.0330.034
LUXEMBOURG1020.743 1026.9211031.342 1036.5171040.326
%Share0.082 0.0820.083 0.0830.083
MADAGASCAR68.936 72.05575.313 78.92082.758
%Share0.006 0.0060.006 0.0060.007
MALAWI43.535 45.56947.700 50.06252.582
%Share0.003 0.0040.004 0.0040.004
MALAYSIA1963.060 2014.6972065.925 2122.0122179.027
%Share0.157 0.1610.166 0.1700.175
MALDIVES4.032 4.1834.339 4.5104.690
%Share0.000 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
MALI63.746 66.55469.479 72.71476.150
%Share0.005 0.0050.006 0.0060.006
MALTA148.780 151.429153.936 156.684159.366
%Share0.012 0.0120.012 0.0130.013
MARSHALL ISLANDS3.031 3.1203.210 3.3083.409
%Share0.000 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
MAURITANIA26.677 27.74128.839 30.05131.327
%Share0.002 0.0020.002 0.0020.003
MAURITIUS118.540 121.654124.744 128.126131.564
%Share0.009 0.0100.010 0.0100.011
MEXICO10954.047 11230.57211503.718 11802.69112105.463
%Share0.878 0.9000.922 0.9460.970
MICRONESIA10.453 10.73311.012 11.31711.627
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
MONACO39.466 39.86240.200 40.57840.913
%Share0.003 0.0030.003 0.0030.003
MONGOLIA96.418 99.516102.652 106.093109.653
%Share0.008 0.0080.008 0.0090.009
MOROCCO947.206 978.5661010.395 1045.3471081.594
%Share0.076 0.0780.081 0.0840.087
MOZAMBIQUE11.518 12.18712.900 13.69914.567
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
MYANMAR224.139 234.381245.084 256.940269.566
%Share0.018 0.0190.020 0.0210.022
NAMIBIA91.172 93.89096.621 99.615102.693
%Share0.007 0.0080.008 0.0080.008
NEPAL87.203 91.29295.575 100.324105.392
%Share0.007 0.0070.008 0.0080.008
NETHERLANDS19489.857 19697.98619877.814 20077.98020258.032
%Share1.562 1.5781.593 1.6091.623
NEW ZEALAND2739.003 2776.4922810.549 2848.0872883.434
%Share0.219 0.2220.225 0.2280.231
NICARAGUA12.480 12.48012.480 12.48012.480
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
NIGER62.483 65.17367.969 71.05974.334
%Share0.005 0.0050.005 0.0060.006
NIGERIA762.785 796.301831.207 869.820910.805
%Share0.061 0.0640.067 0.0700.073
NORWAY7048.830 7113.4527167.186 7227.5317279.849
%Share0.565 0.5700.574 0.5790.583
OMAN429.230 437.957446.365 455.569464.691
%Share0.034 0.0350.036 0.0370.037
PAKISTAN1463.530 1522.4641583.367 1650.5531721.362
%Share0.117 0.1220.127 0.1320.138
PANAMA182.543 187.780193.021 198.764204.648
%Share0.015 0.0150.015 0.0160.016
PAPUA NEW GUINEA120.192 124.324128.533 133.158137.969
%Share0.010 0.0100.010 0.0110.011
PARAGUAY208.444 215.006221.634 228.907236.417
%Share0.017 0.0170.018 0.0180.019
PERU1015.765 1047.9601080.504 1116.2121153.108
%Share0.081 0.0840.087 0.0890.092
PHILIPPINES1512.060 1566.4321622.046 1683.2201747.097
%Share0.121 0.1260.130 0.1350.140
US Share0.24 0.230.22 0.210.20
A0.00001047 0.000011380.00001239 0.000013550.00001486
a1.212099 1.2045861.19674 1.1885291.179917
POLAND3356.180 3449.1873541.960 3643.5753747.358
%Share0.269 0.2760.284 0.2920.300
PORTUGAL3484.094 3549.9403612.781 3681.6103749.276
%Share0.279 0.2840.289 0.2950.300
QATAR384.125 389.126393.628 398.598403.239
%Share0.031 0.0310.032 0.0320.032
REPUBLIC OF KOREA13399.394 13663.82213917.606 14195.46614469.963
%Share1.074 1.0951.115 1.1371.159
REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA 392.973403.798 414.588426.406 438.470
%Share0.031 0.0320.033 0.0340.035
ROMANIA1700.193 1749.2831798.452 1852.3311907.559
%Share0.136 0.1400.144 0.1480.153
RUSSIAN FEDERATION 22898.68823451.145 23994.16224588.417 25187.658
%Share1.835 1.8791.923 1.9702.018
RWANDA61.686 64.30867.031 70.03973.224
%Share0.005 0.0050.005 0.0060.006
SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS 5.9216.068 6.2126.370 6.529
%Share0.000 0.0000.000 0.0010.001
SAINT LUCIA10.911 11.21811.525 11.86112.205
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES 7.5787.798 8.0198.261 8.510
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
SAMOA3.629 3.7613.895 4.0444.199
%Share0.000 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
SAN MARINO29.118 29.43529.709 30.01430.290
%Share0.002 0.0020.002 0.0020.002
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE 0.6960.728 0.7610.797 0.835
%Share0.000 0.0000.000 0.0000.000
SAUDI ARABIA4720.003 4812.4084901.004 4998.0105093.757
%Share0.378 0.3860.393 0.4000.408
SENEGAL173.991 180.270186.695 193.763201.145
%Share0.014 0.0140.015 0.0160.016
SEYCHELLES17.056 17.41917.771 18.15618.539
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
SIERRA LEONE21.974 22.98024.032 25.19726.437
%Share0.002 0.0020.002 0.0020.002
SINGAPORE2293.422 2324.1272351.912 2382.5582411.313
%Share0.184 0.1860.188 0.1910.193
SLOVAKIA561.449 576.333591.112 607.293623.754
%Share0.045 0.0460.047 0.0490.050
SLOVENIA518.781 529.535539.921 551.288562.577
%Share0.042 0.0420.043 0.0440.045
SOLOMON ISLANDS5.555 5.7675.985 6.2246.476
%Share0.000 0.0000.000 0.0000.001
SOMALIA12.179 12.84313.546 14.33215.180
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
SOUTH AFRICA4125.157 4233.9304341.872 4460.0534580.215
%Share0.331 0.3390.348 0.3570.367
SPAIN30363.781 30786.04331170.725 31594.52431994.584
%Share2.433 2.4672.498 2.5322.564
SRI LANKA251.849 261.723271.902 283.123294.922
%Share0.020 0.0210.022 0.0230.024
SUDAN606.072 627.897650.223 674.782700.429
%Share0.049 0.0500.052 0.0540.056
SURINAME100.559 102.708104.792 107.073109.345
%Share0.008 0.0080.008 0.0090.009
SWAZILAND19.305 19.99220.694 21.46722.272
%Share0.002 0.0020.002 0.0020.002
SWEDEN16168.812 16304.01716413.477 16537.22916641.695
%Share1.296 1.3061.315 1.3251.333
SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC 1048.7381078.047 1107.3081139.361 1172.121
%Share0.084 0.0860.089 0.0910.094
TAJIKISTAN228.556 235.932243.401 251.599260.082
%Share0.018 0.0190.020 0.0200.021
THAILAND3501.114 3605.2323709.825 3824.4813942.307
%Share0.281 0.2890.297 0.3060.316
US Share0.24 0.230.22 0.210.20
A0.00001047 0.000011380.00001239 0.000013550.00001486
a1.212099 1.2045861.19674 1.1885291.179917
THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REP. OF MACEDONIA 135.233139.220 143.222147.608 152.112
%Share0.011 0.0110.011 0.0120.012
TOGO45.270 47.08448.957 51.02353.200
%Share0.004 0.0040.004 0.0040.004
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 210.373215.320 220.169225.475 230.812
%Share0.017 0.0170.018 0.0180.018
TUNISIA470.324 484.590498.949 514.693530.900
%Share0.038 0.0390.040 0.0410.043
TURKEY6270.140 6434.2776597.035 6775.2236956.279
%Share0.502 0.5160.529 0.5430.557
TURKMENISTAN232.753 239.690246.660 254.300262.154
%Share0.019 0.0190.020 0.0200.021
UGANDA96.664 101.065105.662 110.753116.173
%Share0.008 0.0080.008 0.0090.009
UKRAINE5814.244 5966.3986117.270 6282.4446450.272
%Share0.466 0.4780.490 0.5030.517
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 2156.4132178.886 2198.1932219.710 2238.962
%Share0.173 0.1750.176 0.1780.179
UNITED KINGDOM64065.034 64811.60565469.145 66198.09566865.561
%Share5.134 5.1935.246 5.3045.358
UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA 49.88352.496 55.26058.338 61.653
%Share0.004 0.0040.004 0.0050.005
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 299519.993287040.005 274559.999262079.992 249600.004
%Share24.000 23.00022.000 21.00020.000
URUGUAY455.374 466.503477.457 489.445501.549
%Share0.036 0.0370.038 0.0390.040
UZBEKISTAN956.517 986.9111017.642 1051.3621086.212
%Share0.077 0.0790.082 0.0840.087
VANUATU7.009 7.2327.456 7.7037.958
%Share0.001 0.0010.001 0.0010.001
VENEZUELA2339.285 2399.3532458.795 2523.8642589.864
%Share0.187 0.1920.197 0.2020.208
VIETNAM182.495 191.630201.254 211.953223.431
%Share0.015 0.0150.016 0.0170.018
YEMEN263.626 273.228283.060 293.878305.187
%Share0.021 0.0220.023 0.0240.024
YUGOSLAVIA992.244 1019.2911046.224 1075.7191105.800
%Share0.080 0.0820.084 0.0860.089
ZAIRE56.569 59.62062.855 66.46370.358
%Share0.005 0.0050.005 0.0050.006
ZAMBIA48.556 50.74153.021 55.54558.230
%Share0.004 0.0040.004 0.0040.005
ZIMBABWE220.425 228.477236.725 245.801255.289
%Share0.018 0.0180.019 0.0200.020
Total1247977.078 1247977.0781247977.078 1247977.0781247977.078


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This file last modified 11/24/2008